Psychology 101

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created 3 years ago by Audrey_Corty
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special senses
updated 3 years ago by Audrey_Corty
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1

which receptor cells most directly enable us to distinguish different wavelengths

a. rods

b. cones

c. bipolar cells

d. feature detectors

B.

2

Cocking your head would be most useful for dectecting the _____ of a sound.

A. pitch

B. loudness

C. Location

D. amplitude

C.

3

Perception is the process by which

A. stimulus energies are detected.

B. stimulus energies are transformed into neural activity

C. sensory input is organized and interpreted

D. nerve cells respond to specific features of a stimulus

C.

4

A perceptual set is a

A. tendency to fill in gaps to perceive a complete, whole objects.

B. readiness to judge an object larger that it is.

C. tendency to view objects high in our field of vision as closer than they are

D. mental predisposition that influences what we perceive

D.

5

A gestalt is best described as a(n)

A. binocular cue

B. illusion

C. organized whole

D. monocular cue

C.

6

The sense of touch includes the four basic sensations of

A. pleasure, pain, warmth, and cold

B. Pain, pressure, hot, and cold

C. wetness, pain, hot and cold

D. Pressure, pain, warmth, and cold

B.

7

The ability to simultaneously process the pitch, loudness, melody, and meaning of a song best illustrates

A. feature detection

B accommodation

C. perceptual adaption

D. Parallel processing

D.

8

Damage to the hair cell receptors is most likely to result in

A. Phantom limb sensations

B. Conduction hearing loss

C. loss of the sense of balance.

D. sensorineural hearing loss.

D.

9

Carmella, Jorge, and Gail were all sitting behind the same bowling lane, so Ruth perceived that they were all members of the same bowling team. This best illustrates the organization principle of

A. proximity

B. interposition

C. closure

D. continuity

A.

10

The amount of light entering the eye is regulated by the

A. iris

B. retina

C. optic nerve

D. feature detectors

A.

11

Which of the following strategies best illustrates the use of subliminal stimulation?

A. store plays a musical soundtrack in which faint and imperceptible verbal warning against shoplifting is repeated frequently.

A.

12

Information processing guided by higher-level mental processes is called

A. prosopagnosia

B. signal detection

C. top-down processing

D. priming

C.

13

Priming refers to the activation of certain

A. thresholds

B. hair cells

C. nerve cells

D. associations

D.

14

The process of receiving and representing stimulus energies by the nervous system is called

A. priming

B. sensory adaption

C. top-down processing

D. sensation

D

15

During a heating test, many sounds were present at such a low level of intensity that Mr. antall could not detect the. These sounds were below Mr. Antall's

A. Perceptual set

B. absolute threshold

C. prosopagnosia

D. difference threshold

B.

16

Retinal disparity refers to the

A. tendency to see parallel lines are coming together in the distance

B. tendency to see stimuli that are near each other as parts of a unified object

C. somewhat different images our two eyes receive of the same object

D. inability to distinguish figure from ground

C.

17

The sense of ____ is a chemical sense

A. taste

B. kinesthesis

C. equilibrium

D. pain

A.

18

Our sense of the position and movement of individual body parts is called

A. the vestibular sense

B. olfaction

C. kinesthesis

D. sensory interation

C.

19

Although Sue Yen sees her chemistry professor several times a week, she didn't recognize the professor when she saw her in the grocery store. This best illustrates the importance of

A. bottum-up processing

B. context effects

C. priming

D. sensory adaption

B.

20

Accommodation refers to the

A. diminishing sensitivity to an unchanging stimulus

B. quiviring eye movements that enable the retina to detect continuous stimulations

C. proccess by which stimulus energies are changed into neural messages

D. process by which the lens chances shape to focus images on the retina

D.