A&P Lab Exam 1 Some PIctures

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Simple Squamous epithelium

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Non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium

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Non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium

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Keratinized stratified squamous epithelium

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Keratinized stratified squamous epithelium

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Simple cuboidal epithelium

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Stratified cuboidal epithelium

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Transitional epithelium

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Simple columnar epithelium

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Pseudostratified columnar epithelium

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Stratified columnar epithelium

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Areolar connective tissue

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Adipose connective tissue

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Reticular connective tissue

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Dense regular tissue

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Dense irregular connective tissue

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Elastic connective tissue

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Hyaline cartilage

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Hyaline cartilage

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Elastic cartilage

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Fibrocartilage

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Fibrocartilage

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Fibrocartilage

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Osseous tissue

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Osteon

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Skeletal muscle

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Cardiac muscle

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Pseudostratified Ciliated Columnar Epithelium Locations and Functions

Locations: Lining of the nasal cavity, trachea, and bronchi; portions of male reproductive tract

Functions: Protection, Secretion, moves mucous with cilia

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Thin/thick skin

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Integument

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Hair follicle

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Synovial joint

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Neuron

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Neuron

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Anterior

Same as VENTRAL- Front

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Posterior

Same as DORSAL- back

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Parietal LINNINGS

Superficial (outermost layer)

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Visceral LINNINGS

Inner layer

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Parietal Pluera (lungs)

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Outer layer of the lining of the lungs

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Visceral Pluera (lungs)

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Inner layer of the lining of of the lungs

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Parietal Pericardium

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Outer layer of lining of heart

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Viseral Pericardium

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Inner layer of the lining of the heart

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Mediastinum

Contains the trachea, esophagus, and major vessels

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Parietal Peritoneum

lines the abdominal and pelvic cavities

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Visceral Peritoneum

covers the external surfaces of most abdominal organs, including the intestinal tract.

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Pelvic Cavity

Contains urinary bladder, reproductive organs, last portion of the digestive tracts.

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Study Abdominal Pelvic Regions

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RUQ

Liver

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RLQ

Appendix

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LUQ

Spleen

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LLQ

Colon

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Epithelium

lines, protects and secretes

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Exocrine

secrete through ducts. Products go to places “outside” (surface of) the body

Has Ducts

Examples of Exocrine Glands- Sweat Glands, salivary, mammary, and liver

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Muscle tissue

excitable, contractile tissue for movement

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Nervous tissue

excitable tissue used to send short term signals throughout the body

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Simple Squamous Epithelium Locations and Functions

Locations: endothelia lining of the HEART and blood vessels, portions of the KIDNEY tubule, inner lining of the cornea, alveoli of the lungs

Functions: Lines, protects and secretes. Reduces friction, controls vessel permeability; performs absorption and secretion

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Stratified Squamous Epithelium Locations and Functions

Locations: Surface of SKIN,lining of the mouth, throat, esophagus, rectum, anus and vagina.

Functions: Provides physical protection against abrasion, pathogens, and chemical attack

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Simple Cuboidal Epithelium Locations and Functions

Locations: Glands, ducts; portion of kidney tubules; thyroid gland

Function: Limited protection, secretion, and absorption.

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Stratified Cuboidal Epithelium Locations and Functions

Location: Lining of some ducts

Functions: Protects, sectretion, absorption

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Simple Columnar Epithelium Locations and Functions

Locations: Lining of stomach, intestine, gallbladder, uterine tubes, and collecting ducts of kidneys

Function: protection, secretion, absorption

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Stratified Columnar Epithelium Locations and Functions

Locations: Small area of pharynx, Epiglottis, annus, mammary glands, salivary glands ducts, and urethra

FUNCTION: PROTECTION

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Pseudostratified Ciliated Columnar Epithelium Locations and Functions

Locations: Lining of the nasal cavity, trachea, and bronchi; portions of male reproductive tract

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Endocrine

secretes into. No ducts

Examples of Endocrine Glands- Pineal gland, Parathyroid, Hypothalamus, Thyroid, thymus, kidney, Adrenal, Pancreas, testis, ovary

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Exocrine

secrete through ducts. Products go to places “outside” (surface of) the body

Has Ducts

Examples of Exocrine Glands- Sweat Glands, salivary, mammar, and liver

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3 Types of Exocrine secretion Glands

Merocrine Secretion

Apocrine Secretion

Holocrine Secretion

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Merocrine Secretion EXOCRINE GLAND

Secretes from Secretory vesicle

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Aprocrine Secretion

Cell pinches off. So the pinched off portion of cell is the secretion

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Holocrine

Cell dies. Mature cell dies and becomes secretory product

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Branching type of Glands

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Example Question: Where would you find simple tubular gland?

Intestinal Glands

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Study Areolar, Adipose and Reticular Tissue

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Study Connective Tissue

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Hyaline Cartilage

Ground Substance

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Fibrous Cartilage

Ground substance with non-elastic collagen fibers

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Elastic Cartilage

Ground Substance with yellow elastic Fibers

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Study Cartilage

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Study

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Granulocyte (with granules)

Neutrophil

Basophil- Allergies

Eosinophil- High means paracite

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Agranulocyte (without granules)

Monocytes

Lymphocytes

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Study Osmosis and Hydrostatic pressure

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Levels of Organization

Chemical Level

Cellular level

Tissue

Organ

Organ system

Organism

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Study

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Plasma Membrane

Serves as the boundary for a cell

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Rough ER

Ribosomes attach to rough ER synthesize proteins that leaves cells via the Golgi apparatus

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Smooth ER

synthesizes lipids and removes and stores Ca+ from the cells interior

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Golgi apparatus

Synthesizes carbohydrates, combines it with protein, and PACKAGES the product

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Lysosomes

breaks down, digestive system

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Nucleus-

Houses the genetic code, which in turn dictates protein synthesis

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Ribosomes

Protein synthesis "Protein factory"

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Study Receptor

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Study Too Little Water Pic

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