Chapter 3 Vocabulary - Ancient Indian Civilizations

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World History
Chapter 3
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1

winds that mark the seasons in India

monsoons

2

strong central fortresses built on a brick platform

citadel

3

path that permitted people to cross the mountains into India

Khyber Pass

4

The plateau that is between the Ghat mountains

Deccan Plateau

5

Groups of people that crossed the Hindu Kush Mountains into northwestern India, from Black and Caspian Seas

Indo-Aryans

6

These are the Indo-Aryans' great works of religious literature

Vedas

7

The language in which the Vedas were written

Sanskrit

8

Special priests thatknew the proper forms and rules in Indo-Aryan society

Brahmins

9

Military leader, lawmaker, and judge of Indo-Aryan Society

Raja

10

The Vedanta or "end of the Vedas" were collected in these written explanations of the Vedic religion

Upanishads

11

Long poems based on religious themes

Epics

12

Most famous of the Hindu Scriptures

Bhagavad Gita

13

A complex form of social organization that began to take shape after the Indo-Aryan migration

caste system

14

4 distinct __________________________ , or social classes, appeared in Indian society

varnas

15

The 4 varna were divided into 3,000 different ___________________.

jatis

16

Belief in the unity of God and creation

monism

17

People can be saved if they learn and recognize this

maya

18

Belief in the rebirth of souls

reincarnation

19

The perfect peace

nirvana

20

Hinduism is _____________________________, the belief of many gods.

polytheistic

21

The "Enlightened One" and the founder of Buddhism

Siddhartha Gautama

22

Buddha taught that salvation comes from know the "___________________________" and following the "_____________________"

Four Noble Truths
Eightfold Path

23

The two branches of Buddhism is ____________________ and ______________________

Theravada
Mahayana

24

Established the Mauryan Empire

Chandragupta Maurya

25

Ordered the end of killing and became a Buddhist

Asoka

26

The Gupta Empire had its golden age under this ruler

Chandra Gupta II

27

Five Books of the Gupta period

Panchatantra