Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology

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created 4 years ago by Rae_Harrison
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Includes Anterior and Posterior body land marks, directional terms, Planes and cavities of the body,
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1

What is anatomical position?

body is erect

hands and feet slightly apart

toes and head pointed forwards

palms forwards with arms held out slightly at sides

2

What is superior?

toward the head

3

What is inferior?

away from the head

4

What is proximal?

closer to the origin of the body part

5

What is distal?

farther away from the origin of the body part

6

What is superficial?

toward the surface of the body

7

What is deep?

away from the surface of the body

8

Axial includes what?

head

neck

trunk

9

Appendicular refers to what?

the limbs

10

Anterior

to the front of the body

11

posterior

to the back of the body

12

ventral

to the front of the body

13

dorsal

to the back of the body

14

cephalic

toward the head

15

caudal

closer to the tailbone

16

ipsilateral

on the same side of the body

17

contralateral

on the opposite side of the body

18

Midline

plane dividing the body down the middle into right and left halves

19

Lateral

away from the vertical midline of the body

20

Medial

toward the vertical midline of the body

21

Coronal

divides body into anterior and posterior portions

22

Sagitall

divides the body into right and left planes

23

transverse

divides the body into superior and inferior portions

24

Longitudinal

parallel to the long axis of a structure or organ

25

Cross section

cut at a right angle

26

oblique section

interests the long axis at anything other than a right angle

27

antebrachial

forearm

28

anticubital

front of elbow

29

axillary

armpit

30

brachial

upper arm

31

Oral

mouth

32

Cardiac

Heart

33

Cervical

neck

34

Cutaneous

skin

35

deltoid

shoulder

36

femoral

thigh

37

frontal

forehead

38

gastric

stomach

39

gluteal

buttocks

40

hepatic

liver

41

iliac/coxal

hip

42

inguinal

groin

43

lumbar

small of back

44

mammary

breast

45

Nasal

nose

46

occipital

back of the head

47

orbital

eye

48

palmar

palm

49

patellar

kneecap

50

pectoral

chest

51

pedal

foot

52

plantar

sole of the foot

53

popliteal

back of the knee

54

pulmonary

lungs

55

renal

kidney

56

sacral

base of spine

57

scapular

shoulder blade

58

temporal

side of the head

59

umilical

navel

60

acromial

point of shoulder

61

Carpel

wrist

62

pollex

thumb

63

digital

fingers and toes

64

Crural

leg

65

Tarsal

ankle

66

Hullux

greater toe

67

Fibular/ peroneal

side of leg

68

sternal

breast bone

69

Mental

chin

70

buccal

cheek

71

manus

hand

72

Otic

ear

73

Olecranal

back of elbow

74

perineal

region between anus and genitals

75

sural

calf

76

calcaneal

heel

77

the ventral cavity is divided into two sub categories. what are they?

Thorasic and abdominal pelvic

78

the pelvic cavity contains what organs?

bladder

reproductive

anus

79

What contains the pericardial cavity?

mediastinum

80

What lines the pleural cavities and covers the lungs?

Pleura

81

What lines the peritoneal cavity and covers the abdominal organs?

Peritoneum

82

What covers the heart and lines the pericardial cavity?

pericardium

83

What kind of membrane lines the opening to the body cavity?

mucous

84

what kind of membrane lines cavities not open to the outside?

Serous membrane

85

what lines internal body walls?

parietal serosa

86

What covers the internal organs?

visceral serosa

87

name the 4 abdominalpelvic quadrants?

Right upper and lower

Left upper and lower

88

what are the 9 regions of the abdominopelvic region?

R and L hypochodriac

R and L lumbar

R and L iliac

epigastric

hypogastric

umbilical