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projective test

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created 3 years ago by tracey_brown4238
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OT evaluations

Grade levels:
College: First year

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1

projective test

is a “snapshot” in the life of the person. It is valid for the moment in which it was created. Be careful that you do not take it too far

2

The person who completed the projective evaluation

is the final expert on what it means. You must consult with him or her to determine the validity of your interpretation.
.

3

Because it is “projective”

it is possible for the interpreter to put personal meaning into the interpretation which has nothing to do with the experience of the person completing the test.

4

Be cautious about making assumptions which

cannot be substantiate

5

projective test first step =

Provide the client with a blank 8 ½” x 11 white paper and a well-sharpened No. 2 black lead pencil.

6

projective test 2nd step =

Do not give any further instructions. Answer questions with reassurance, e.g. “You may do as you like.” You may reassure the client that it is not of artistic ability

7

What do you say to instruct the client

Please draw a picture of a person

8

When/after the first figure is drawn,

give the client another blank 8 ½” x 11 white paper and ask him/her to draw a figure of the opposite sex.

9

projective test Do not use the words

“male” or “female.”

10

What do you look for on a projective test

Placement of the figures on the paper. This roughly shows where the subject places himself relative to his environment.

11

projective test- High on page =

feels up in the air; no sound foundation

12

projective test Above mid-point of page -

tendency to turn to fantasy; may be aloof and inaccessible

13

projective test Center of page –

possibility of insecurity and rigidity

14

projective test Below mid-point of page -

concrete or “reality-bound” in living and thinking; need for solid foundation, balance, control

15

projective test Left side of page -

emphasis on past; may be tendency toward impulsivity

16

projective test Right side of page –

emphasis on future; making strong efforts to succeed

17

projective test Upper left corner of page -

Anxious
Desire to shun new experiences and return to the past or seek fantasy satisfaction

18

projective test should study

four major areas of the drawings.

19

projective test Head - The face is the

indicator of emotion or mood

20

projective test Hands, arms, shoulders and chest

Combines as the unit that carries out the commands of the brain or the impulses of the body
Can reveal perceptions about ability to function

21

projective test Torso

Symbolically the façade presented to the world

22

projective testLegs and feet

Site of autonomy, self-movement, self-direction and balance

23

projective test THINGS TO LOOK FOR:

Obvious areas of conflict
Line Quality

24

projective test conflicts to look for

Conflicts relating to power may be shown by:
Conflicts relating to sexuality may be shown by
Conflicts between rigidity and impulsiveness may be shown by:
Conflicts about autonomy and sexuality
Conflicts relating to feelings of adequacy
Conflicts about autonomy

25

projective test Obvious areas of conflict shown by:

Unusual size – very large or very small in proportion to the rest of the drawing
Missing elements
Reworked areas – lots of erasures, overdrawn
Multiple areas relating to a particular conflict or issue present in the drawing

26

projective testConflicts relating to power may be shown by:

Very broad shoulders
Feeble or no hands
Feeble or no arms
Jagged lines a the neckline

27

projective testConflicts relating to sexuality may be shown by:

Exaggerated makeup
Emphasis on pelvic or groin area
Very large feet (particularly in men)
Timid or shaky lines in crotch

28

projective test Conflicts between rigidity and impulsiveness may be shown by:

Very long neck
Very short or no neck

29

projective test

Conflicts relating to feelings of adequacy
Shading of hands
Omission of arms

30

projective test Conflicts about autonomy and sexuality

Excessive erasures of feet
Breaks in the drawn line of the nose

31

projective test Conflicts about autonomy

Timid or shaky lines in legs
No legs

32

projective test Line Quality

Faint indicate lack of assertiveness; uncertainty; depression; introversion
Heavy may indicate assertiveness; dominance; striving for power and control; hostile impulses; self-assurance
Variable pressure may indicate impulsiveness, or easily frustrated.
Jagged lmay indicate anxiety; poor motor control

33

Deformities indicate

real or symbolic difficulties with the area

34

projective test Head

Site of the sense of self or ego
Deals with perceptions of the outside world
Deals with acceptance of things outside world has to offer

35

projective test A large head =

intellectual strivings; aggression; areas of pain or tension (migraines, head trauma); possible grandiosity and egocentric attitudes; feelings of intellectual inadequacy

36

projective test A small head indicates

obsessive-compulsiveness

37

projective test Over detailed or overemphasized suggests

active fantasy

38

projective test Looking away from viewer is a

possible sign of withdrawal- possible indication of evasion or guilt

39

projective test Ears

Provide auditory connection to the outside world; can warn of danger. Body feature most frequently not indicated, e.g. covered by hair.

40

projective test Ears Omission is

less significant than omission of other features.

41

projective test Ears Emphasis indicates

sensitivity to the outside world; may include criticism
Extreme may indicate auditory hallucinations
Lack of may indicate refusal to listen to criticism