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Exercise 27: Functional Anatomy of the Endocrine Glands

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created 4 years ago by jncanf
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Exercise 27 pg. 411 - 414 Im making these notecards to help, so if you use them, please sign up and help add more notecards! And dont forget to rate my helpfulness!!

updated 3 years ago by jncanf

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  • 1
    BOTH THE ENDOCRINE AND NERVOUS SYSTEMS ARE MAJOR REGULATING SYSTEMS OF THE BODY; HOWEVER, THE NERVOUS SYSTEM HAS BEEN COMPARED TO AN AIRMAIL DELIVERY SYSTEM AND THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM TO THE PONY EXPRESS. BRIEFLY EXPLAIN THIS COMPARISON.
    THE NERVOUS SYSTEM EMPLOYS ELECTROCHEMICAL IMPULSES TO BRING ABOUT RAPID CONTROL, WHEREAS THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM IS MORE SLOWLY ACTING WITH HORMONES.
  • 2
    DEFINE HORMONE.
    SUBSTANCE SECRETED BY ENDOCRINE TISSUES INTO THE BLOOD THAT ACTS ON THE TARGET TISSUE TO PRODUCE A SPECIFIC RESPONSE.
  • 3
    CHEMICALLY, HORMONES BELONG CHIEFLY TO TWO MOLECULAR GROUPS, THE__1__ AND THE __2__.
    1. STEROIDS
    2. AMINO ACID-BASED
  • 4
    DEFINE TARGET ORGAN.
    ORGANS THAT RESPOND TO A PARTICULAR HORMONE.
  • 5
    IF HORMONES TRAVEL IN THE BLOODSTREAM, WHY DONT ALL TISSUES RESPOND TO ALL HORMONES?
    ABILITY OF THE TARGET TISSUE TO RESPOND DEPENDS ON THE ABILITY OF THE HORMONE TO BIND WITH SPECIFIC RECEPTORS (PROTEINS) ON CELLS PLASMA MEMBRANE OR WITHIN THE CELL.
  • 6
    LOCATED IN THE THROAT; BILOBED GLAND CONNECTED BY AN ISTHMUS
    THYROID GLAND
  • 7
    FOUND CLOSE TO THE KIDNEY
    ADRENAL GLANDS
  • 8
    A MIXED GLAND, LOCATED CLOSE TO THE STOMACH AND SMALL INTESTINE
    PANCREAS
  • 9
    PAIRED GLANDS SUSPENDED IN THE SCROTUM
    TESTES
  • 10
    RIDE "HORSEBACK" ON THE THYROID GLAND
    PARATHYROID GLAND
  • 11
    FOUND IN THE PELVIC CAVITY OF THE FEMALE, CONCERNED WITH OVA AND FEMALE HORMONE PRODUCTION
    OVARY (F. GONADS)
  • 12
    FOUND IN THE UPPER THORAX OVERLYING THE HEART; LARGE DURING YOUTH
    THYMUS
  • 13
    FOUND IN THE ROOF OF THE THRID VENTRICLE
    PINEAL GLAND
  • 14
    REGULATE THE FUNCTION OF ANOTHER ENDOCRINE GLAND
    HORMONE(S): FSH, LH, ACH, TSH
    GLAND(S): ANTERIOR PITUITARY
  • 15
    MAINTENANCE OF SALT AND WATER BALANCE IN THE EXTRACELLULAR FLUID
    HORMONE(S): ADH, ALDOSTERONE
    GLAND(S): ADH- POSTERIOR PITUITARY, ALDOSTERONE- ADRENAL CORTEX
  • 16
    DIRECTLY INVOLVED IN MILK PRODUCTION AND EJECTION
    HORMONE(S): PROLACTIN, OXYTOCIN
    GLAND(S): PROLACTIN- ANTERIOR PITUITARY, OXYTOCIN - POSTERIOR PITUITARY
  • 17
    CONTROLS THE RATE OF BODY METABOLISM AND CELLULAR OXIDATION
    HORMONE(S): T3/T4
    GLAND(S): T3/T4- THYROID GLAND
  • 18
    REGULATE BLOOD CALCIUM LEVELS
    HORMONE(S): CALCITONIN, PTH
    GLAND(S): CALCITONIN- THROID GLAND, PTH- PARATHYROID GLANDS
  • 19
    REGULATE BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS; PRODUCED BY THE SAME "MIXED" GLAND
    HORMONE(S): INSULIN, GLUCAGON
    GLAND(S): PANCREAS
  • 20
    RELEASED IN RESPONSE TO STRESSORS
    HORMONE(S): CORTISOL, EPINEPHRINE
    GLAND(S): CORTISOL- ADRENAL CORTEX, EPINEPHRINE- ADRENAL MEDULLA
  • 21
    DRIVE DEVELOPMENT OF SECONDARY SEX CHARACTERISTICS IN MALES
    HORMONE(S): TESTOSTERONE
    GLAND(S): TESTES
  • 22
    DIRECTLY RESPONSIBLE FOR REGULATION OF THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE
    HORMONE(S): ESTROGENS, PROGESTERONE
    GLAND(S): OVARIES
  • 23
    ALTHOUGH THE PITUITARY GLAND IS OFTEN REFERRED TO AS THE MASTER GLAND OF THE BODY, THE HYPOTHALAMUS EXERTS SOME CONTROL OVER THE PITUITARY GLAND. HOW DOES THE HYPOTHALAMUS CONTROL BOTH ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR PITUITARY FUNCTIONING?
    1. HYPOTHALAMUS CONTROLS ANTERIOR PIT. FUNCTIONING BY NEURO SECRETIONS. THESE HORMONES ARE LIBERATED INTO HYPOPHYSEAL PORTAL SYSTEM AND CARRIED TO CELLS OF ANT. PITUITARY (LOBE) WHERE THEY CONTROL THE RELEASE OF ANTERIOR PIT. HORMONES.
    2. HYPOTHALAMUS CONTROLS POST. PITUITARY FUNCTIONING BY SENDING TWO HORMONES FOR STORAGE TO THE POST. PIT. (LOBE). HORMONES TRANSPORTED TO IT VIA THE AXONS OF NEURONS IN THE PARAVENTRICULAR AND SUPRAOPTIC NUCLEI OF THE HYPOTHALAMUS
  • 24
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  • 25
    ACTH IS STIMULATED BY
    ANOTHER HORMONE
  • 26
    CALCITONIN IS STIMULATED BY
    HUMORAL FACTORS (THE CONCENTRATION OF SPECIFIC NONHORMONAL SUBSTANCES IN THE BLOOD OR EXTRACELLULAR FLUID)
  • 27
    ESTROGENS ARE STIMULATED BY
    ANOTHER HORMONE
  • 28
    INSULIN IS STIMULATED BY
    HUMORAL FACTORS (THE CONCENTRATION OF SPECIFIC NONHORMONAL SUBSTANCES IN THE BLOOD OR EXTRACELLULAR FLUID)
  • 29
    NOREPINEPHRINE IS STIMULATED BY
    THE NERVOUS SYSTEM (NEUROTRANSMITTERS, OR NEUROSECRETIONS)
  • 30
    PARATHYROID HORMONE IS STIMULATED BY
    HUMORAL FACTORS (THE CONCENTRATION OF SPECIFIC NONHORMONAL SUBSTANCES IN THE BLOOD OR EXTRACELLULAR FLUID)
  • 31
    T3/T4 IS STIMULATED BY
    ANOTHER HORMONE
  • 32
    TESTOSTERONE IS STIMULATED BY
    ANOTHER HORMONE
  • 33
    TSH, FSH IS STIMULATED BY
    ANOTHER HORMONE
  • 34
    NAME THE HORMONE(S) PRODUCED IN ANADEQUATE AMOUNTS THAT DIRECTLY RESULT IN THE FOLLOWING CONDITION: TETANY
    PTH - PARATHYROID HORMONE
  • 35
    NAME THE HORMONE(S) PRODUCED IN ANADEQUATE AMOUNTS THAT DIRECTLY RESULT IN THE FOLLOWING CONDITION: EXCESSIVE DIURESIS WITHOUT HIGH BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS
    ADH - ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE
  • 36
    NAME THE HORMONE(S) PRODUCED IN ANADEQUATE AMOUNTS THAT DIRECTLY RESULT IN THE FOLLOWING CONDITION: LOSS OF GLUCOSE IN THE URINE
    INSULIN
  • 37
    NAME THE HORMONE(S) PRODUCED IN ANADEQUATE AMOUNTS THAT DIRECTLY RESULT IN THE FOLLOWING CONDITION: ABNORMALLY SMALL STATURE, NORMAL PROPORTIONS
    GH - GROWTH HORMONE
  • 38
    NAME THE HORMONE(S) PRODUCED IN ANADEQUATE AMOUNTS THAT DIRECTLY RESULT IN THE FOLLOWING CONDITION: LOW BMR, MENTAL AND PHYSICAL SLUGGISHNESS
    T4- THYROXINE, T3- TRIIODOTHYRONINE, THYROID HORMONES
  • 39
    NAME THE HORMONE(S) PRODUCED IN EXCESSIVE AMOUNTS THAT DIRECTLY RESULT IN THE FOLLOWING CONDITION: LARGE HANDS AND FEET IN ADULT, LARGE FACIAL BONES
    GH- GROWTH HORMONE
  • 40
    NAME THE HORMONE(S) PRODUCED IN EXCESSIVE AMOUNTS THAT DIRECTLY RESULT IN THE FOLLOWING CONDITION: NERVOUSNESS, IRREGULAR PULSE RATE, SWEATING
    T4/T3 - THYROID HORMONES
  • 41
    NAME THE HORMONE(S) PRODUCED IN EXCESSIVE AMOUNTS THAT DIRECTLY RESULT IN THE FOLLOWING CONDITION: DEMINERALIZATION OF BONES, SPONTANEOUS FRACTURES
    PTH- PARATHYROID HORMONE
  • 42
    PARAFOLLICULAR CELLS OF THE THYROID
    CALCITONIN
  • 43
    FOLLICULAR EPITHELIAL CELLS OF THE THYROID
    T4/T3
  • 44
    BETA CELLS OF THE PANCREATIC ISLETS (ISLETS OF LANGERHANS)
    INSULIN
  • 45
    ALPHA CELLS OF THE PANCREATIC ISLETS (ISLETS OF LANGERHANS)
    GLUCAGON
  • 46
    BASOPHIL CELLS OF THE ANTERIOR PITUITARY
    TSH, ACTH, FSH, LH
  • 47
    ZONA FASCICULATA CELLS
    GLUCOCORTICOIDS
  • 48
    ZONA GLOMERULOSA CELLS
    MINERALOCORTICOIDS
  • 49
    CHIEF CELLS OF THE PARATHYROID
    PTH
  • 50
    ACIDOPHIL CELLS OF THE ANTERIOR PITUITARY
    GH, PROLACTIN
  • 51
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    DIAGRAM OF THE MICROSCOPIC STRUCTURES OF THE ENDOCRINE GLAND ARE PRESENT HERE. IDENTIFY AND NAME ALL STRUCTURES INDICATED BY THE LEADER LINE OR BRACKET.
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  • 52
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    DIAGRAM OF THE MICROSCOPIC STRUCTURES OF THE ENDOCRINE GLAND ARE PRESENT HERE. IDENTIFY AND NAME ALL STRUCTURES INDICATED BY THE LEADER LINE OR BRACKET.
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  • 53
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    DIAGRAM OF THE MICROSCOPIC STRUCTURES OF THE ENDOCRINE GLAND ARE PRESENT HERE. IDENTIFY AND NAME ALL STRUCTURES INDICATED BY THE LEADER LINE OR BRACKET.
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  • 54
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    DIAGRAM OF THE MICROSCOPIC STRUCTURES OF THE ENDOCRINE GLAND ARE PRESENT HERE. IDENTIFY AND NAME ALL STRUCTURES INDICATED BY THE LEADER LINE OR BRACKET.
    card image
  • 55
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    DIAGRAM OF THE MICROSCOPIC STRUCTURES OF THE ENDOCRINE GLAND ARE PRESENT HERE. IDENTIFY AND NAME ALL STRUCTURES INDICATED BY THE LEADER LINE OR BRACKET.
    card image
  • 56
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    DIAGRAM OF THE MICROSCOPIC STRUCTURES OF THE ENDOCRINE GLAND ARE PRESENT HERE. IDENTIFY AND NAME ALL STRUCTURES INDICATED BY THE LEADER LINE OR BRACKET.
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