Biology Exam I
Obesity would be categorized as a _____ disease
Durring a hurricane, salft water invades fresh water marshes causing many of the plants to die. The plants are killed because the salt water solution is ____ to the plants, drawing water from their cells.
What two cavities does the diaphragm separate?
thoracic and abdominal
Athlete's food is -
a fungal infection
Keratinized epithelium -
is a dry, mostly dead membrane
Often when a person is admitted to the hospital, an intravenous solution of normal saline is begun. Since this does not harm the patient, what is the tonicity of normal saline compared to your blood?
Fat is a type of connective tissue.
The term ___ refers to poisoning due to pathogens.
A bond created from the sharing of electrons between two atoms is a ____ bond.
Glands that release their product via ducts rather than directly into the bloodstream are -
The epidermis only is damaged from a -
When cancer cells have the ability to migrate to other parts of the body, they are said to be -
When a physician tells the patient that they have a torn rotators cuff they are describing a ____ to the patient.
The specialized cells in the nervous system that serve to conduct a signal are known as -
What is NOT a type of connective tissue?
What molecules are the primary energy carrier in cells?
What type of tissue cover body surfaces and lines body cavities?
Substances dissolved in the liquid portion of a solution are called -
A systemic infection is localized.
A solution consists of a _____ which dissolves the ____.
In turning a page, you would mainly be using what type of tissue?
Which of the following is mismatched to its location in the skin?
- sense organs - dermis
- keratinization - epidermis
- nerves/blood vessels - epidermis
- fat - subcutaneous layer
- hair follicle - dermis
nerves/blood vessels - epidermis
What occurs as a result of positive feedbacks and assists in the maintenance of homeostasis?
blood clot formation
What cut will give front and back portions?
frontal or coronal
Which layer of the skin is responsible for tanning?
Which type of gland can become blocked and form a "blackhead"?
The study of how disease or injury alter physiological process is termed.
Order of increasing complexity of the body -
- organ systems
Describe the placement of the nose -
- medial to the eyes
- superior to the mouth
- inferior to the forehead
All the chemical reactions in which larger molecules are broken down to smaller ones are called catabolic reactions.
What type of skin gland secretes sweat?
What term refers to the study of how an organ functions?
The main body compartment that is inside cells is the __ compartment.
The pH of a solution -
is a measure of the concentration of free hydrogen ions in the solution
A disease that occurs suddenly and does not last a long time is considered.
The sum of all the chemical reactions that occur in a cell is -
What is not a primary tissue of the body -
Define homeostasis -
cells and organism must be able to maintain a fairly constant internal environment
What is the main function of the ribosomes in a cell?
to synthesize proteins
If a patient tells a physician that they feel tingling down the left arm they may be describing a _______ of a heart attack.
Chemicals that help keep fluids within a normal pH range are called -
The movement of water across the semi-permeable membrane is called -
The organelle involved in the production of energy is the -
A molecule is -
a combination of atoms held together by chemical bonds
Epithelial tissue will bleed profusely when cut.
______ RNA has the function of bringing amino acids to the ribosome during translation.
Which structure produces "goose bumps"?
arrector pili muscles
_______ attach skeletal muscles to bones.
A substance that can take up hydrogen ions or release hydroxide ions in water is a -
A ligament connects -
bone to bone
Diffusion is the movement of a molecule from an area of high to low concentrate.
A disease is called an epidemic if people all over the world have the same disease.
What is the term for the DNA and proteins found within the cell?
Active transport -
An abnormal growth of cells is referred to as a _____.
The ______ layer of the skin contains sweat glands, hair follicles, and sebaceous glands.
The lower the pH -
the more acidic the solution.
The dermal papillae, found in the hypodermis, create the unique fingerprints of individuals.
For heart muscles to beat in coordinated rhythm ions must move from one cells to the next through ____.
If an organism does not undergo meiosis, then it cannot undergo sexual reproduction.