We The People: Thomas Patterson- Chapter 8- Political Parties- Quiz Questions

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We The People
Chapter 8
Questions and answers taken directly from quizzes in this course to be used as a reference in preparing for the final exam.
updated 4 years ago by bfroehlich08
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1

Political protests

Are, today, usually unplanned events.

2

Political parties serve to

-Link the public with elected leaders.

-Enable people with different backgrounds and opinions to act together.

-Offer the public a choice between policies and leaders.

-Provide potential leaders an opportunity to attain public office.

**All these answers are correct.

3

Andrew Jackson's contribution to the development of political parties was the

Formation of a new type of grassroots party organization.

4

In 1912, a candidate for what minor party managed to earn more votes than one of his major party opponents?

Bull Moose.

5

The history of democratic government is virtually synonymous with the history of

Political parties.

6

The issue of slavery gave birth to the _________ party as a major political party.

Republican.

7

The Democratic party's long-time regional stronghold, "The Solid South", stemmed from realignment during which historical period?

Civil War Era.

8

Party de-alignment is

<p>-Essentially the same as party realignment.</p> <p>-Process that has discouraged the formation of third parties.</p> <p>-Process that has strengthened the major parties.</p> <p>-Process that refers to American political parties in the 1800s.</p> <p><strong>**None of these answers are correct** </strong></p> %MCEPASTEBIN%

9

Which country does not have a competitive multiparty system?

United States.

10

Who warned America of the "baneful effects" of factions (political parties) in his 1797 Farewell Address?

George Washington.

11

Candidates' first priority in a close election is to

Win over the "swing voters".

12

Who was the only Republican elected president from 1932-1964?

Dwight Eisenhower.

13

All of the following use the top-two primaries EXCEPT

Oregon.

14

American party organizations

Are still important, but their role in campaigns is secondary to that of the candidates.

15

Which country prohibits the purchase of televised advertising time by candidates?

Great Britain.

16

During the twentieth century, American parties lost their complete control over

-Nominations.

-Financing.

-Platforms.

-Staffing of government jobs.

**All these answers are correct.**

17

The winner-take-all system is known as the _________ system.

Plurality.

18

About 95% of all political activists in the United States work at

The local level.

19

The function that the national party organizations perform in relation to congressional candidates can best be described as

Service relationship: Helping candidates conduct their personal campaigns.

20

In the recent elections, which voting demographic has become a more cohesive voting bloc and has sided heavily with the Democratic Party, seeing it as more closely aligned with their interests?

Hispanic.

21

The election of _____ was a realigning election.

1932.

22

Abraham Lincoln was first elected in 1860 with ____ percent of the popular vote.

40.

23

Which of the following is an accurate representation of the public's opinion about leaders and their accountability?

Most citizens have a low opinion of Congress as a whole, but say they have confidence in their local representative in Congress.

24

What was especially unique about the "Era of Good Feeling"?

President Monroe ran unopposed in 1820.

25

Prospective voting is characterized by

Choices based on what candidates promise to do if elected.

26

Proportional representation systems encourage the formation of smaller parties by enabling parties to

Win legislative seats eve though they do not receive a majority of votes in an election.

27

The first American political parties emerged from the conflict between

Small farmers and states' rights advocates, and those favoring commercial and wealthy interests.

28

Democrats and Republicans have endured as the two major U.S. political parties due to

The ability to adapt to changing circumstances.

29

If a minor party gains a large following, it is almost certain that

One or both major parties will absorb its issue, and the minor party will lose support.

30

Political parties in the United States originated partly as a political feud between

Jefferson and Hamilton.

31

______________ is based on judgment about the past performance of an elected official or political party.

Retrospective Voting.

32

Which of the following groups is most closely aligned with the Democratic Party, voting more than 80% Democrat in presidential elections.

African Americans.

33

Ticket splitting was most dominant during which decade?

1970s.

34

National party organizations can dictate the decisions of

Neither local nor state party organization.

35

A(n) ________ party is a minor party that bases its appeal on the claim that the major parties are having a corrupting influence on government and policy.

Reform.

36

Which of the following is an example of a single-issue party?

Greenback Party.

37

Which of the following are key players in the modern day campaign?

-Campaign consultants

-Fundraising specialists

-Media producers

-Pollsters

**All these answers are correct.**

38

James Carville and Roger Ailes are both examples of

Campaign strategists who have earned legendary reputations.

39

Organizationally, the U.S. major parties are

Decentralized and fragmented.

40

________ Representation Systems are those in which seats in the legislature are allocated according to each political party's share of the popular vote.

Proportional.

41

In Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (2010), the Supreme Court

Found corporations and unions could not be banned from spending money on campaigns.

42

State Central Committees

Provide only general policy guidelines for the state organizations.

43

The major reason for the persistence of the American two-party system is

The existence of single-member election districts

44

Which of the following encourages the two major parties to build broad coalitions?

Straight ticket voting.

45

What party has made big gains in recent decades among white fundamentalist Christians, based on its positions on topics like abortion and school prayer?

Republican.

46

Which of the following groups is NOT typically a part of the Democratic coalition?

Fundamentalist Christians.

47

In the twentieth century of American history, the most important minor parties were ___________ parties.

Factional.

48

Regarding state party organizations, the day-to-day organization is usually the responsibility of the

State chairperson.

49

Which of the following represents the biggest blow to the organizational strength of U.S. parties?

Direct Primary.

50

Candidate-centered politics encourages all of the following EXCEPT

Long-term consistency in policymaking.