Male Pelvis

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created 5 years ago by Annabelle
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updated 5 years ago by Annabelle
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1

How much seminal fluid does the prostate produce?

30%

2

Where is the prostate?

anterior to the rectum

inferior to the bladder

3

What is the largest zone of the prostate 70%?

card image

peripheral zone

4

Which zone has the highest rate of cancer?

peripheral zone

5

Which zone is highly resistant to disease with only 5% of cancer occurring?

central zone

6

Which zone encircles the urethra?

central

7

Which zone is the site for benign prostatic hyperplasia?

central zone

8

What is hyperplasia?

increased tissue growth

causes low flow in the prostate

9

Which area are the ejaclatory and uretha?

verumontanum

10

Where are the seminal vesicals located?

superior and posterior to the prostate

11

How much seminal fluid does the seminal vesicle supply?

60%

12

What is the sonographic appearance of the prostate?

heterogeneous

low level echoes

symmetrical

smooth borders

calcifications

peripheral zone may be hyperechoic to central & transitional zones

hyperechoic to seminal vessicles

13

Why is it hard to pick out cancer in the prostate?

it is very heterogeneous

14

What transducer should be used in a prostate exam?

5 - 7 MHz endorectal transducer

15

What position should be used during a prostate exam?

left lateral decubitus

16

What is the prep for a prostate exam?

2 duplex

17

How are the images labeled in a prostate exam?

coronal

para sagittal

18

What are the reasons for a prostate exam?

enlarged prostate symtoms

Mass on digital exam

elevated PSA

prostate biopsy guidance

prostate seeding guidance

19

What are the lab tests for a prostate exam?

PSA Serum prostatic specific antigen

20

What is normal PSA?

4ng/ml

21

PSA levels are related to the _______

age of the person

22

Increase of PSA to _____% in 1 year is an indicator for Bx

20

23

Which results are better?

A) lesion directed

B) Systematic sextant biopsy

B) Systematic sextant biopsy

24

What are the presentations of prostatitis?

pain

fever

enlargement

increased WBC

25

What is Benign prostatic hyperplasia?

bad formation of prostate

unusual enlargement

causes resistance to flow

26

What is prostatitis?

inflamation

27

What is the most common cause of recurrent UTI in men?

prostatitis

28

What are the presentations of prostatitis?

pain

fever

enlargement

increased WBC

29

What are the Prostate pathology?

prostatitis

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

adenocarcinoma

seminal vesicle cysts

ejaclatory duct cysts

30

What is the most common malignant neoplasm of prostate?

prostatic adenocarcinoma

31

What is the sonographic appearance of prostatic adenocarcinoma?

hypoechoic

varies

32

How often does prostatic adenocarcinoma occur in the peripheral zone?

70%

33

How often does prostatic adenocarcinoma occur in the transitional zone?

20%

34

How often does prostatic adenocarcinoma occur in the central zone?

10%

35

What is the presentations of prostatic adenocarcinoma?

frequency

urgency

weak stream

slow flow

no go

hematuria

36

What is the percentage of men that have prostatic adenocarcinoma over 50 years old?

50%

37

What is the percentage of men that have prostatic adenocarcinoma over 80 years old?

80%