Microbiology chapter 17 potential test questions

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1

to obtain immediate immunity against tetanus, a patient should receive

  1. an attenuated vaccine of Clostridium tetani
  2. a modified live vaccine of Clostridium tetani
  3. tetanus toxoid
  4. immunoglobin against tetanus toxin (antitoxin)
  5. a subunit vaccine against Clostridium tetani

d. immunoglobin against tetanus toxin (antitoxin)

2

Which of the following vaccine types is commonly given with an adjuvant

  1. an attenuated vaccine
  2. a modified live vaccine
  3. a chemically killed vaccine
  4. an immunoglobulin
  5. an agglutinating antigen

c. a chemically killed vaccine

3

Attenuation is

  1. the process of reducing virulence
  2. a necessary step in vaccine manufacture
  3. a form of variolation
  4. similar to an adjuvant

a. the process of reducing virulence

4

An antiserum is

  1. an anti-antibody
  2. an inactivated vaccine
  3. formed of monoclonal antibodies
  4. the liquid portion of blood used for immunization

d. the liquid portion of blood used for immuniztion

5

Monoclonal antibodies

  1. are produced by hybridomas
  2. are secreted by clone cells
  3. can be used for passive immunization
  4. all of the above

d. all of the above

6

The study of antibody-antigen interaction in the blood is

  1. attenuation
  2. agglutination
  3. precipitation
  4. serology

d. serology

7

Induce rapid onset of immunity

  1. attenuated viral vaccine
  2. adjuvant
  3. subunit vaccine
  4. immunoglobulin
  5. residual virulance

d. immunoglobulin

8

Induces mainly an antibody response

  1. attenuated viral vaccine
  2. adjuvant
  3. subunit vaccine
  4. immunoglobulin
  5. residual virulance

c. subunit vaccine

9

Induces good cell-mediated immunity

  1. attenuated viral vaccine
  2. adjuvant
  3. subunit vaccine
  4. immunoglobulin
  5. residual virulance

a. attenuated viral vaccine

10

Increases antigenicity

  1. attenuated viral vaccine
  2. adjuvant
  3. subunit vaccine
  4. immunoglobulin
  5. residual virulance

b. adjuvant

11

Uses antigen fragments

  1. attenuated viral vaccine
  2. adjuvant
  3. subunit vaccine
  4. immunoglobulin
  5. residual virulance

c. subunit vaccine

12

Uses attenuated microbes

  1. attenuated viral vaccine
  2. adjuvant
  3. subunit vaccine
  4. immunoglobulin
  5. residual virulance

a. attenuated viral vaccine