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206 Bones of the Body

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created 3 years ago by jncanf
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The 206 bones of the body and there location.

updated 3 years ago by jncanf

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  • 1
    maxillary bone
    support the upper teeth; form the inferior orbital rim
  • 2
    palatine bones
    form posterior portion of the hard palate; back roof of mouth
  • 3
    nasal bones
    support the superior portion of the bridge of the nose; connected to cartilages that support the distal portions of the nose
  • 4
    inferior nasal conchae
    create turbulance in air passing throught the nasal cavity; promotes warming and humidification of inhailed air
  • 5
    zygomatic bones
    rim and lateral wall of the orbit; cheeckbone
  • 6
    lacrimal bones
    part of the medial wall of the orbit; eye socket
  • 7
    vomer
    inferior portion of the bony nasal septum
  • 8
    mandible
    lower jaw
  • 9
    occipital bone
    posterior, lateral and inferior surfaces of the cranium; lower back of head, above the neck; below the lambdoid sture; home of occipital crest
  • 10
    parietal bone
    superior and lateral surfaces of the cranium; top side of the head (2) divided by sagittal suture
  • 11
    frontal bone
    anterior portion of the cranium; roof of orbits; helps flush mucous of frontal sinuses; in front of coronal suture
  • 12
    temporal bones
    lateral wall of the cranium; articulates with facial bones and mandible; protects organs of inner ear; attachment site for muscles that close the jaw and move the head; surrounded by squamous suture
  • 13
    sphenoid
    floor of the cranium; strengthens sides of skull
  • 14
    ethmoid
    anteromedial floor of the cranium; roof of nasal cavity; part of nasal septum
  • 15
    hyoid bone
    attachment site for muscles of the larynx, tongue, and pharynx; in the neck
  • 16
    auditory ossicles
    located in the ear cavity; play a key role in hearing
  • 17
    ribs
    reinforce posterior and lateral walls of the thoratic cavity
  • 18
    vertebrosternal ribs
    1-7; true ribs
  • 19
    vertebrochondral ribs
    8-10; false ribs
  • 20
    vertebral ribs
    11-12; floating ribs; attached only to vertabrae and muscles of the body wall
  • 21
    sternum
    breastbone; anterior midline of thoracic wall; includes the manubrium, body, and xiphoid process
  • 22
    jugular notch
    located between clavicular aritculations
  • 23
    cervival vetebrae
    C1-C7; neck; support skull; long split tip; stabalize positions of brain and spinal cord; allow controlled head movements
  • 24
    thoracic vertabrae
    T1-T12; chest; long, slender, not split; support weight of head, neck, upper limbs, and chest.
  • 25
    lumbar vertebrae
    L1-L5; inferior of back; blunt and broad; support weight of head, neck uper limbs and trunk
  • 26
    sacrum
    under the lumbar vertebrae; protects reproductive, digestive, and urinary organs
  • 27
    coccyx
    under the sacrum; tail bone; consists of 3-5 vertabrae
  • 28
    clavicle
    part of pectoral gridle; superior, lateral border or manubrium
  • 29
    scapula
    part of pectoral gridle; bone connected to humerus and clavicle; shoulder blade
  • 30
    humerus
    brachium (top part of arm)
  • 31
    radius
    forearm; thumb side
  • 32
    ulna
    forearm; pinky side
  • 33
    carpal bones
    8 bones, from pinky to thumb: (proximal) pisiform, triquetrum, lunate, scaphoid, (distal) hamate, capitate, trapezoid, trapezium
  • 34
    metacarpal bones
    5 bones between carpals and phalanges; support the hand
  • 35
    phalanges
    5 finger bones; 5 toe bones
  • 36
    hip bones
    2 in the pelvic gridle; consists of the ilium (superior), ischium (posterior), and pubis (anterior)
  • 37
    femur
    thigh; connected to the hip bone; longest and heaviest bone in the body
  • 38
    patella
    kneecap; large sesamoid bone
  • 39
    tibia
    shin bone; large medial bone of the leg
  • 40
    fibula
    parallel to the tibia; bears no weight; site of attachment of muscles that move the foot and toes
  • 41
    tarsal bones
    ankle bones
  • 42
    metatarsal bones
    5 bones between tarsals and phalanges of the foot