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206 Bones of the Body


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# Front Side Back Side
1
maxillary bone
support the upper teeth; form the inferior orbital rim
2
palatine bones
form posterior portion of the hard palate; back roof of mouth
3
nasal bones
support the superior portion of the bridge of the nose; connected to cartilages that support the distal portions of the nose
4
inferior nasal conchae
create turbulance in air passing throught the nasal cavity; promotes warming and humidification of inhailed air
5
zygomatic bones
rim and lateral wall of the orbit; cheeckbone
6
lacrimal bones
part of the medial wall of the orbit; eye socket
7
vomer
inferior portion of the bony nasal septum
8
mandible
lower jaw
9
occipital bone
posterior, lateral and inferior surfaces of the cranium; lower back of head, above the neck; below the lambdoid sture; home of occipital crest
10
parietal bone
superior and lateral surfaces of the cranium; top side of the head (2) divided by sagittal suture
11
frontal bone
anterior portion of the cranium; roof of orbits; helps flush mucous of frontal sinuses; in front of coronal suture
12
temporal bones
lateral wall of the cranium; articulates with facial bones and mandible; protects organs of inner ear; attachment site for muscles that close the jaw and move the head; surrounded by squamous suture
13
sphenoid
floor of the cranium; strengthens sides of skull
14
ethmoid
anteromedial floor of the cranium; roof of nasal cavity; part of nasal septum
15
hyoid bone
attachment site for muscles of the larynx, tongue, and pharynx; in the neck
16
auditory ossicles
located in the ear cavity; play a key role in hearing
17
ribs
reinforce posterior and lateral walls of the thoratic cavity
18
vertebrosternal ribs
1-7; true ribs
19
vertebrochondral ribs
8-10; false ribs
20
vertebral ribs
11-12; floating ribs; attached only to vertabrae and muscles of the body wall
21
sternum
breastbone; anterior midline of thoracic wall; includes the manubrium, body, and xiphoid process
22
jugular notch
located between clavicular aritculations
23
cervival vetebrae
C1-C7; neck; support skull; long split tip; stabalize positions of brain and spinal cord; allow controlled head movements
24
thoracic vertabrae
T1-T12; chest; long, slender, not split; support weight of head, neck, upper limbs, and chest.
25
lumbar vertebrae
L1-L5; inferior of back; blunt and broad; support weight of head, neck uper limbs and trunk
26
sacrum
under the lumbar vertebrae; protects reproductive, digestive, and urinary organs
27
coccyx
under the sacrum; tail bone; consists of 3-5 vertabrae
28
clavicle
part of pectoral gridle; superior, lateral border or manubrium
29
scapula
part of pectoral gridle; bone connected to humerus and clavicle; shoulder blade
30
humerus
brachium (top part of arm)
31
radius
forearm; thumb side
32
ulna
forearm; pinky side
33
carpal bones
8 bones, from pinky to thumb: (proximal) pisiform, triquetrum, lunate, scaphoid, (distal) hamate, capitate, trapezoid, trapezium
34
metacarpal bones
5 bones between carpals and phalanges; support the hand
35
phalanges
5 finger bones; 5 toe bones
36
hip bones
2 in the pelvic gridle; consists of the ilium (superior), ischium (posterior), and pubis (anterior)
37
femur
thigh; connected to the hip bone; longest and heaviest bone in the body
38
patella
kneecap; large sesamoid bone
39
tibia
shin bone; large medial bone of the leg
40
fibula
parallel to the tibia; bears no weight; site of attachment of muscles that move the foot and toes
41
tarsal bones
ankle bones
42
metatarsal bones
5 bones between tarsals and phalanges of the foot

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Description

The 206 bones of the body and there location.

Grade Levels

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10th grade
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College: First year

Created

3 years agoby jncanf

Last updated

3 years agoby jncanf

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Subjects

biology, human anatomy, a&p, bones, body

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