The Muscular System

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created 5 years ago by chaneasegarvey
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1

Circular Muscles

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-muscles that guard entrances and exits of internal passageways
-fascicles are concentrically arranged around an opening

2

Parallel Muscles

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-functionally characteristics most closely resemble those of its muscle fiber
-most muscles in the body are parallel muscles
ex: rectus femoris, extensor digitorium longus, and deltoid

3

Pennate Muscles

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-skeletal muscles in which the fascicles form a common angle with the tendon

4

Convergent Muscles

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-muscles fibers pull in different directions

5

Prime Mover

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-a muscle whose contraction is chiefly responsible for producing a particular movement

6

Muscles that insert on the olecranon process of the ulna act to...

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extend the forearm

7

Synergist

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-a muscle that assists the muscle that is primarily responsible for a given action

8

-glossus

tongue

9

Rectus Muscles

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-muscles with fibers that run parallel to the long axis of the body

10

Superficialis Muscles

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-muscles visible at the body surface

11

Medialis Muscles

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-muscles located close to the midline of the body

12

Oblique Muscles

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-muscles with fibers that run at an angel to the long axis of the body

13

Transversus Muscles

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-muscles with fibers that run perpendicular to the long axis of the body

14

Extrinsic Muscle

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-superficial muscles that position or stabilize an organ

15

Genio-

Chin

16

Internus Muscles

-muscles located entirely within an organ

17

Profundus Muscles

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deep muscles

18

Teres Muscles

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-muscles that are long and round in cross section

19

Muscles of Facial Expression

-buccinator
-depressor labii
-risorius
-mentalis

20

The mentalis muscles inserts on the...

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skin of the chin

21

Orbicularis Oris

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-the kissing muscle
-purses the lips

22

Origin of the Frontalis Muscle

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epicranial aponeurosis

23

Corrugator Supercilii

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-wrinkles the brow