Chapter 16 Special Procedures - Test

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1

Which of the following is not a potential area of specialization for the radiography student?

A) immunohistochemistry
B) Angiography
C) Magnetic resonance imaging
D) Computed tomography
E) Cardiac catheterization

A) immunohistochemistry

2

Discussion with the patient before cardiac catheterization, angiography, or arteriography should include which of the following:

A) Diet restrictions
B) possible need for surgery
C) explanation of equipment
D) Explanation of administration of contrast media and other drugs
E) all of the above

E) all of the above

3

After cardiac catheterization, angiography, and arteriography, the patient should be instructed to inform the nurse if which of the following occurs in an extremity:

A) Pallor
B) Tingling
C) Coldness
D) Numbness
E) all of the above

E) all of the above

4

The patient teaching needs of a patient who has had a nuclear medicine exam include which of the following?

A) Patients must provided with an explanation regarding precautions to be taken when flushing the commode immediately after each use.
B) Patients must be informed that they will receive a small amount of radioisotope and sign a consent form
C) patients must provided with an explanation of the procedure
D) all of the above

D) all of the above

5

A patient is to have a barium enema and an abdominal ultrasound examination. Explain how you as the radiographer will schedule these examinations.

Ultrasound procedures must be scheduled before barium study exams because residual barium in the gastrointestinal tract will interfere with an effective ultrasound examination

6

Some patients may become _____ when faced with the possibility of spending up to 1 hour in a cylinder, alone in a large room.

claustrophobic

7

True or False?

The patient receiving PET is often elderly and may have symptoms of dementia and be unable to follow directions; as a result, the patient may need to be closely guided through every aspect of the procedure, and a family member or familiar caretaker may need to remain with the patient to decrease his ot her anxiety

True

8

Before a nuclear examination, the patient must sign a special consent form and must be informed that he or she will receive a small amount of a/an _____ and be exposed to a minimal amount of radiation.

radioisotope

9

Which of the following is not a generalized systemic reaction that may occur when a patient is receiving radiation therapy for cancer treatment?

A) Nausea
B) Fatigue
C) vomiting
D) Alopecia
E) Headache

D) Alopecia

10

At what age does the American Cancer Society recommend that a woman should have a mammogram every year

40

11

Define lithotripsy and explain the medical indications for this treatment

Method of removing stones, most commonly urinary, with the use of shockwaves, which breaks up the stones into small fragments

12

True or False?

Patient care responsibilities before cardiac catheterization, angiography, or arteriography include patient teaching and assessment immediately before the procedure, which includes a signed informed consent.

True

13

True or False?

After cardiac catheterization, angiography, and arteriography, the patient's pulse rate, blood pressure, and glucose level must be assessed and monitored.

False

pulse rate, blood pressure, and puncture site must be assessed and monitored.

14

Claustrophobic fears are common before magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and emerge when the patient is faced with spending up to 60 minutes in a cylinder in a large room alone. To alleviate these fears, the radiographer should so all of the following, except

A) Have an antianxiety medication prescribed
B) Provide the patient with accurate information and instructions
C) Explain to the patient that he or she will be constantly observed
D) Explain to the patient that there is a microphone through which the radiographer can communicate and speak with the patient frequently during the exam
E) Give the patient some valium before the procedure

E) Give the patient some valium before the procedure

15

The patient teaching before CT should not include which of the following?

A) Explain the possible diagnosis that can result from the procedure
B) Obtain patient's pertinent medical history
C) Explain the procedure and equipment
D) Explain the possible need for fasting
E) Discuss the injection of contrast media when applicable, history of allergies, possible side effects, and signing an informed consent form

A) Explain the possible diagnosis that can result from the procedure

16

True or False?

Patients who are in the denial phase of grieving must never be confronted with their denial, since this may be their only means of coping with the problem

True

17

A _____ is held by the sonographer and is moved over the surface to be examined as the screen is watched and images are produced

transducer

18

Suffering from claustrophobia, which is the fear of being in a confined place

A) Hypoglycemic
B) Dehydration
C) Claustrophobic
D) Hypotension
E) Restenosis

C) Claustrophobic

19

Pertaining to an abnormally small concentration of glucose in the circulating blood

A) Hypoglycemic
B) Dehydration
C) Claustrophobic
D) Hypotension
E) Restenosis

A) Hypoglycemic

20

Deprivation of water

A) Hypoglycemic
B) Dehydration
C) Claustrophobic
D) Hypotension
E) Restenosis

B) Dehydration

21

Recurrence of stenosis after corrective surgery on the heart valve; narrowing of a structure

A) Hypoglycemic
B) Dehydration
C) Claustrophobic
D) Hypotension
E) Restenosis

E) Restenosis

22

An abnormal condition in which the blood pressure is not adequate for normal perfusion and oxygenation of the tissue

A) Hypoglycemic
B) Dehydration
C) Claustrophobic
D) Hypotension
E) Restenosis

D) Hypotension

23

State of being poisonous

A) Sonographer
B) Dorsiflex
C) Radioisotope
D) Toxicity
E) transducer

D) Toxicity

24

To move the toes and forefoot upward

A) Sonographer
B) Dorsiflex
C) Radioisotope
D) Toxicity
E) transducer

B) Dorsiflex

25

Radioactive atoms having the same number of protons

A) Sonographer
B) Dorsiflex
C) Radioisotope
D) Toxicity
E) transducer

C) Radioisotope

26

A handheld device, used in sonography, that sends and receives sound wave signals

A) Sonographer
B) Dorsiflex
C) Radioisotope
D) Toxicity
E) transducer

E) transducer

27

Ultrasonographer

A) Sonographer
B) Dorsiflex
C) Radioisotope
D) Toxicity
E) transducer

A) Sonographer