Human Anatomy&Physiology Ninth Edition

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1

ball-and socket

head of one bone articulates with a cuplike socket of another shoulder and hip joint

2

saddle joint

similar to condyloid joint but allow greater movement first carpometacarpal joint of the thumb

3

condyloid

oval articular surface of one bone fits into complementary depression radiocarpal(wrist) joints and second metacarpophalangeal(knuckles)joints

4

pivot joints

rounded end of one bone protrudes into a sleeve or ring joint between the atlas and the dens of the axis and the proximal radioulnar joint

5

hinge joint

motion is along a single plane elbow, knee and interphalangeal, and temporomandibular joints (TMJ)

6

plane(gliding) joints

articular surface are essentially flat intertarsal and intercarpal joint

7

plantar flexion

a movement of the ankle joint in which the foot is flexed downward as if standing on one's toes or pointing the toes

8

dorsiflexion

a movement of the of the ankle joint that lifts the foot so that its superior surface approaches the shin

9

eversion

a movement that turn the sole of the foot laterally; the opposite of inversion

10

inversion

a movement that turns the sole of the foot medially

11

supination

movement of the palm from a posterior position to an anterior position radius and ulna are parallel

12

pronation

movement of the palm of the hand from an anterior or upward-facing position to a posterior or downward facing position radius rotates over ulna

13

circumduction

movement describes a cone in space

14

rotation

the turning of a bone around its own long axis

15

adduction

movement toward the midline

16

abduction

movement away from the midline

17

extension

reverse of flexion: joint angle is increased

18

flexion

bending movement that decreases the angle of the joint shoulder flexion

19

synovial joints

contains a joint cavity encapsulating synovial fluid between the articulating ends of bones

20

symphyses

fibrocartilage unites bones intervertebral discs, pubic symphysis

21

synchondroses

hyaline cartilage unites bones epiphyseal plate sternocostal joints

22

diathroses

freely movable joints ball-and-socket, hinge etc

23

amphiarthroses

slightly movable joints tibiofilular ligaments

24

synarthroses

fixed and immovable joints neurocranial sutures

25

gomphosis

peg-in-socket joint teeth in their alveolar margins

26

syndesmosis

fibros ligament connect bones the tibiofibular ligament

27

sutures

ossified fibers unite bones the neurocarnial suture