Chapter 4 Infectious Control notes

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1

Nonsocomial

infection aquired at healthcare faculty

2

Itrogenic infection

Nonsocomial results from a particular treatment or therapeutic procedure.

3

community aquired infection

infections aquired outside health care

4

exogenous

infections caused by microorganisms that are NOT normal flora

5

endogenous

overgrowth of normal flora

6

broad-spectrum drugs

alters the number of normal flora

7

Protista kingdom

bacteria
fungi
protozoa
helminths
viruses
prions

8

pathogenic

disease causing

9

enterotoxigenic

caused by normal flora in the wrong place

10

resident flora

normal microbes that live in the body

normally not disease causing but can if go to wrong place or overgrowth

11

Cocci

spherical

12

bacilla

oblong

13

spirilla

spiral

14

pleomorphic

lack definite shape

15

strep

chain

16

staph

grape

17

diplococci

group of two

18

coccobacilla

short rod

19

antropod vector

tick or flea

20

anaerobes

can't live in oxygen

21

aerobes

oxygen living

22

Fungi

aerobes

must have oxygen

23

Helminths

parasitic worm

24

Virus

smallest microorganism that can cause disease

25

Prions

protein that does not contain DNA

26

Virulence

ability to grow and multiply with speed

27

Vehicles

transport infection

food, water, drugs, blood

28

Indirect contact

touching things

29

Droplet

cough, sneeze

30

vectors

insects

31

portal

entrance / exit

32

HIV is a retrovirus

it converts its viral material from RNA to DNA after it penetrates the host cell.

reverse transcriptinase

33

Hep A and E contraction

fecal oral route

34

tuberculosis

caused by spores

mostly in lungs

35

Joint commission

hopital safety

36

OSHA

workers and students

37

CDC

research and stats

38

FDA

drugs

39

WHO

reduce famine around world

40

DHHS

destroy drugs

41

EPA

destroy patient waste

42

Medical asepsis

micro - eliminated by soap and water

43

Surgical

micro - destroyed by heat or chemical

44

Tier I

Standard precaution

45

Tier II

Transmission based precautions