Digestive Notes

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created 4 years ago by chaneasegarvey
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1

Digestive System/Gastrointestinal System

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-physically and chemically breaks down food into nutrients so they can be absorbed by cell membranes

2

Mastication

-chewing food into smaller pieces

3

Sublingual Gland

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-located under the tongue
-moisten the oral cavity and initiates the digestive process

4

Submandibular Gland

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-located under the lower jaw
-produces saliva to aid in the digestive process

5

Parotid Gland

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-largest pair of salivary glands
-salivary secretions transported via the parotid duct to the oral cavity

6

Pharynx (throat)

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-passageway for both air and food
-has both digestive and respiratory functions

7

Bolus

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-round, sticky, chewed up food

8

Esophagus

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-propels bolus from the pharynx to the stomach

9

Stomach

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-located in the LUQ
-food passes from stomach to small intestine

10

Duodenum

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-uppermost part of the small intestine

11

Jejunum

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-second part of small intestine

12

Ileum

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-third part of the small intestine

13

Villi

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-tiny fingerlike projections
-food absorption

14

Liver

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-produces bile

15

Pancreas

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-provide enzymes that are used in the duodenum

16

Cecum/Colon

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-the first 2-3 inches of the large intestine
-absorbs water and minerals, and eliminates indigestible materials

17

Appendix

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-wormlike, hangs from colon

18

-cholangi/o

bile vessel

19

-emesis

vomitting

20

-prandial

meal

21

-choledoch/o

bile duct

22

-cholecyst/o

gallbladder

23

-chol/e

bile/gall

24

-phagia

swallowing/eating

25

-proct/o

rectum/anus

26

-iasis

abnormal condition

27

-pepsia

digestion

28

-orexia

appetite

29

fistula

-abnormal passage between two organs