Chapter 3 Patient Care and Safety - Test

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1

When admitting a patient to the diagnostic imaging department, what should be done?

A) Take the patient to the dressing area and explain in some detail how he or she should dress for the procedure.
B) Give the patient directions concerning how to care for valuables brought to the department.
C) Assist any patient who appears to need assistance with preparation for an examination.

A) Take the patient to the dressing area and explain in some detail how he or she should dress for the procedure.
B) Give the patient directions concerning how to care for valuables brought to the department.
C) Assist any patient who appears to need assistance with preparation for an examination.

2

The most effective means of reducing friction when moving a patient is by:

A) Placing the patient’s arms across the chest and using a pull sheet
B) Pushing rather than pulling the patient
C) Rolling the patient to a prone position
D) Asking the patient to cooperate

D) Asking the patient to cooperate

3

When transporting a patient back to the hospital room, some safety measures to be used are

A) Place the side rails up, the bed in “low” position,and the call bell at hand.
B) Inform the nurse in charge of the patient that the patient has been returned to the room.
C) Give the patient something to eat or drink.
D) Be sure that the TV is in place for the patient’s viewing.

A) Place the side rails up, the bed in “low” position,and the call bell at hand.
B) Inform the nurse in charge of the patient that the patient has been returned to the room.

4

Which procedures must be observed when assisting a patient with a bedpan

A) Respect the patient’s privacy.
B) Seek assistance for an immobile patient.
C) Wear clean gloves to remove the bedpan.
D) Make sure to offer tissue to the patient and a towel to clean his or her hands.

A) Respect the patient’s privacy.
B) Seek assistance for an immobile patient.
C) Wear clean gloves to remove the bedpan.
D) Make sure to offer tissue to the patient and a towel to clean his or her hands.

5

Contributing factors to skin breakdown are:

A) Turning the patient every 1 to 2 hours
B) Friction and pressure
C) Frequent diagnostic imaging proceduresd
D) A wet environment

B) Friction and pressure
D) A wet environment

6

If a patient who has a cast in place complains of pain that is sudden in onset and increases in intensity when the affected limb is moved, what should be done?

A) Complete the procedure and discharge the patient.
B) Elevate the affected limb.
C) Notify a physician immediately.
D) Find a nurse to administer pain medication.

B) Elevate the affected limb.
C) Notify a physician immediately.

7

When caring for a patient who has a new cast applied to an extremity, what must be remembered?

A) Hold the cast firmly at a position between the joints when moving it.
B) Observe for signs of impaired circulation.
C) Support the cast with bolsters and sand bags where needed.
D) The extremity is now almost impervious to pain and can be twisted as needed for the image.

B) Observe for signs of impaired circulation.
C) Support the cast with bolsters and sand bags where needed.

8

When caring for a patient who is disabled and is difficult to move, it is best to:

A) Keep the patient as quiet as possible.
B) Work quickly.
C) Obtain as much help as necessary to avoid injury to the patient and to the radiographer.
D) Move the patient by gurney.

C) Obtain as much help as necessary to avoid injury to the patient and to the radiographer.

9

When moving a heavy object, you should___________ the weight, not ______________ it.

When moving a heavy object, you should pull the weight, not push it.

10

Patients most prone to falls are

A) The frail elderly
B) The person who is confused
C) Persons who have been given a psychoactive drug
D) Persons with sensory deficits

A) The frail elderly
B) The person who is confused
C) Persons who have been given a psychoactive drug
D) Persons with sensory deficits

11

When moving a patient into an unnatural position for a radiographic examination, the patient should maintain that position:

A) Until he or she asks to be moved
B) Until the radiograph has been processed and approved by the radiologist
C) Only for the time it takes to make the exposure

C) Only for the time it takes to make the exposure

12

Patient on side with forward arm flexed and top knee flexed

A) Fowler position
B) Supine position
C) Semi-Fowler position
D) Trendelenburg position
E) Sims position

E) Sims position

13

Semi-sitting position with head raised 45 to 60 degrees

A) Fowler position
B) Supine position
C) Semi-Fowler position
D) Trendelenburg position
E) Sims position

A) Fowler position

14

Patient laying flat on back

A) Fowler position
B) Supine position
C) Semi-Fowler position
D) Trendelenburg position
E) Sims position

B) Supine position

15

Patient on back with head lower than extremities

A) Fowler position
B) Supine position
C) Semi-Fowler position
D) Trendelenburg position
E) Sims position

D) Trendelenburg position

16

Patient on back with head raised 15 to 30 degrees

A) Fowler position
B) Supine position
C) Semi-Fowler position
D) Trendelenburg position
E) Sims position

C) Semi-Fowler position

17

Name the two convenient and safe methods of moving a patient from a radiographic table to a gurney.

Pull sheet

Slide board transfer

18

Describe three legitimate reasons for application of immobilizers to an adult patient.

control movement of an extremity
remind a person who is sedated to remain still
prevent an impaired person from injury

19

List four signs of circulatory impairment if a patient is wearing a cast.

pain, with or without swelling
numbness
no change in skin color
coldness

20

What are three methods of reducing a patient’s exposure to ionizing radiation?

collimation
shielding
Doing it only once

21

The leading cause of work-related injuries in the field of health care is:

A) Bumping into misplaced equipment
B) Overexposure to radiation
C) Infection owing to poor hand-washing techniques
D) Abuse of the spine when moving and lifting patients

D) Abuse of the spine when moving and lifting patients