Chapter 06 Vital Signs and Oxygen Administration - Terms

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1

Bradycardia

An abnormal circulatory condition in which the heart beats in a regular pattern but at a rate of less than 60 beats per minute

2

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Disease of the lungs in which inspiratory and expiratory lung capacity is diminished

3

Cyanosis

A condition in which the blood does not supply enough oxygen to the body, causing a bluish tone to the lips and fingertips

4

Diastolic

The blood pressure reading that occurs during the relaxation of the ventricles

5

Dyspnea

Labored or difficult breathing resulting from insufficient airflow to the lungs

6

Korotkoff sounds

Extraneous sounds heard during the taking of a blood pressure; may be a tapping, knocking, or swishing sound

7

Sphygmomanometer

A blood pressure cuff

8

Systolic

The blood pressure reading taken during the contraction of the ventricles while the blood is in the arteries

9

Tachycardia

An abnormal condition in which the myocardium contracts at a rate greater than 100 beats per minute

10

Tympanic

Bell-like; resonance pertaining to the tympanum

11

Volatile

Easily vaporized or evaporated; unstable or explosive in nature