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Exercise 21: Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and the Autonomic Nervous System

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created 3 years ago by jncanf
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Exercise 21 pg. 335 - 338 Im making these notecards to help, so if you use them, please sign up and help add more notecards! And dont forget to rate my helpfulness!!

updated 3 years ago by jncanf

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  • 1
    MOST SUPERIOR BOUNDARY OF THE SPINAL CORD
    FORAMEN MAGNUM
  • 2
    MENINGEAL EXTENSION BEYOND THE SPINAL CORD TERMINUS
    FILUM TERMINALE
  • 3
    SPINAL CORD TERMINUS
    CONUS MEDULLARIS
  • 4
    COLLECTION OF SPINAL NERVES TRAVELING IN THE VERTEBRAL CANAL BELOW THE TERMINUS OF THE SPINAL CORD
    CAUDA EQUINA
  • 5
    card image
    (A - I)
    A. CENTRAL CANAL
    B. WHITE MATTER
    C. DORSAL HORN
    D. LATERAL HORN
    E. VENTRAL ROOT OF SPINAL NERVE
    F. SPINAL NERVE
    G. DORSAL ROOT GANGLION
    H. DORSAL RAMUS OF SPINAL NERVE
    I. VENTRAL RAMUS OF SPINAL NERVE
  • 6
    card image
    (J - O)
    J. DURA MATER
    K. ARACHNOID MATER
    L. PIA MATER
    M. VENTRAL HORN
    N. DORSAL ROOT OF SPINAL NERVE
    O. GRAY COMMISSURE
  • 7
    NEURON TYPE FOUND IN DORSAL HORN
    INTERNEURONS
  • 8
    NEURON TYPE FOUND IN VENTRAL HORN
    MOTOR
  • 9
    NEURON TYPE FOUND IN ROOT GANGLION
    SENSORY
  • 10
    FIBER TYPE IN VENTRAL ROOT
    MOTOR
  • 11
    FIBER TYPE IN DORSAL ROOT
    SENSORY
  • 12
    FIBER TYPE IN SPINAL NERVE
    BOTH SENSORY AND MOTOR
  • 13
    WHERE IN THE VERTEBRAL COLUMN IS A LUMBAR PUNCTURE GENERALLY DONE. WHY IS THIS THE SITE OF CHOICE?
    BETWEEN L3 AND L5. IT DOES NOT ENDANGER THE DELICATE SPINAL CORD.
  • 14
    THE SPINAL CORD IS ENLARGED IN TWO REGIONS, THE _____ AND THE _____.
    CERVICAL AND THE LUMBAR
  • 15
    WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THESE ENLARGEMENTS? (OF THE SPINAL CORD)
    BECAUSE THE SPINAL CORD IS NOT THAT THICK BUT ALL THE NERVES THAT BRANCH OUT OF THE BODY HAVE TO FIT IN THESE AREAS.
  • 16
    HOW DOES THE POSITION OF THE GREY AND WHITE MATTER DIFFER IN THE SPINAL CORD AND THE CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES?
    IN THE SPINAL CORD THE OUTER LAYER IS THE WHITE MATTER AND THE INNER LAYER IS THE GREY MATTER. BUT IN THE CEREBRUM WHITE MATTER IS THE INNER LAYER AND GREY MATTER THE OUTER LAYER. (THEY ARE OPPOSITES)
  • 17
    Ok, so you’re using my notecards which is great. I am glad I could help you out cause I wish I had someone to help me out when I took this course. I know Anatomy is super hard.
    I only ask that if you find these notecards helpful, you join Easy Notecards and create at least one notecard set to help others out. It can be for any subject or class. Thanks and don’t forget to rate my helpfulness!
  • 18
    COMPARE AND CONTRAST THE MENINGES OF THE SPINAL CORD AND THE BRAIN.
    BOTH CONTAIN CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT MAKE MENINGES. BOTH SURROUND AND PROTECT. THE DURA MATER IN VERTEBRAL CANAL IS SEPARAT AND IN THE CRANIAL CAVITY IT IS TIGHTLY ADHERED. THE PIA MATER IS BOUND VERY TIGHTLY TO BOTH SPINAL AND CRANIAL CAVITIES
  • 19
    HOW CAN YOU DISTINGUISH BETWEEN THE DORSAL AND VENTRAL HORNS.
    THE TIPS OF THE VENTRAL HORNS ARE BROADER AND LESS TAPERED THAN THOSE OF THE DORSAL HORNS.
  • 20
    CERVICAL NERVES
    C1 - C8
  • 21
    SACRAL NERVES
    S1 - S5
  • 22
    LUMBAR NERVES
    L1 - L5
  • 23
    THORACIC NERVES
    T1 - T12
  • 24
    THE VENTRAL RAMI OF SPINAL NERVES C1 THROUGH T1 AND T12 THROUGH S1 TAKE PART IN FORMING __1___ WHICH SERVE THE __2__ OF THE BODY. THEN VENTRAL RAMI OF T2 THROUGH T12 RUN BETWEEN THE RIBS TO SERVE THE __3__. THE DORSAL RAMI OF THE SPINAL NERVES SERVE __4__.
    1. PLEXUSES
    2. MOTOR & SENSORY NEEDS OF THE MUSCLES AND SKIN OF THE LIMBS
    3. INTERCOSTAL NERVES
    4. THE SKIN AND MUSCULATURE OF THE POSTERIOR BODY TRUNK.
  • 25
    DORSAL ROOT OF A SPINAL NERVE
    LOSS OF SENSORY FUNCTION
  • 26
    VENTRAL ROOT OF SPINAL NERVE
    LOSS OF MOTOR FUNCTION
  • 27
    VENTRAL RAMUS OF SPINAL NERVE
    LOSS OF BOTH MMOTOR AND SENSORY FUNCTION
  • 28
    DEFINE PLEXUS
    INTERWINING OF NERVES OR BLOOD VESSELS
  • 29
    HEAD, NECK, SOULDERS (NAME PLEXUS ONLY)
    CERVICAL PLEXUS
  • 30
    DIAPHRAGM
    PHRENIC NERVE
  • 31
    POSTERIOR THIGH
    P. FEMORAL CUTANEOUS N.
  • 32
    LEG AND FOOT (NAME TWO)
    TIBIAL N AND COMMON FIBULAR N.
  • 33
    ANTERIOR FOREARM MUSCLES (NAME TWO)
    MEDIAN AND ULNAR NERVES
  • 34
    ARM MUSCLES (NAME TWO)
    MUSCULOCUTANEOUS AND RADIAL NERVES
  • 35
    ABDOMINAL WALL (NAME PLEXUS ONLY)
    LUMBAR PLEXUS
  • 36
    ANTERIOR THIGH
    FEMORAL NERVE
  • 37
    MEDIAL SIDE OF THE HAND
    ULNAR NERVE
  • 38
    FOR THE MOST PART, SYMPATHETIC AND PARASYMPATHETIC FIBERS SERVE THE SAME ORGANS AND STRUCTURES. HOW CAN THEY EXERT ANTAGONISTIC EFFECTS?
    BECAUSE THEIR POSTGANGLIONIC AXONS RELEASE DIFFERENT NEUROTRANSMITTERS
  • 39
    NAME THREE STRUCTURES THAT RECEIVE SYMPATHETIC BUT NOT PARASYMPATHETIC INNERVATION.
    STRUCTURES OF THE SKIN, THE ADRENAL MEDULLA, AND ALL THE BLOOD VESSELS EXCEPT THOSE OF THE EXTERNAL GENITALIA
  • 40
    A PELVIC SPLANCHNIC NERVE CONTAINS
    PREGANGLIONIC PARASYMPATHETIC FIBERS
  • 41
    SECRETES NOREPINEPHRINE; ADRENERGIC FIBERS
    SYMPATHETIC DIVISION
  • 42
    SECRETES ACETYLCHOLINE; CHOLINERGIC FIBERS
    PARASYMPATHETIC DIVISION
  • 43
    LONG PREGANGLIONIC AXON; SHORT POSTGANGLIONIC AXON
    PARASYMPATHETIC DIVISION
  • 44
    SHORT PREGANGLIONIC AXON; LONG POSTGANGLIONIC AXON
    SYMPATHETIC DIVISION
  • 45
    ARISES FROM CRANIAL AND SACRAL NERVES
    PARASYMPATHETIC DIVISION
  • 46
    ARISES FROM SPINAL NERVES T1 THROUGH L3
    SYMPATHETIC DIVISION
  • 47
    NORMALLY IN CONTROL
    PARASYMPATHETIC DIVISION
  • 48
    "FIGHT OR FLIGHT" SYSTEM
    SYMPATHETIC DIVISION
  • 49
    HAS MORE SPECIFIC CONTROL
    PARASYMPATHETIC DIVISION
  • 50
    DESCRIBE EXACTLY HOW, FROM A PHYSIOLOGICAL STANDPOINT, GSR CAN BE CORRELATED WITH ACTIVITY OF THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM.
    THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYTEM IS INTEGRATED BY EMOTIONS (STRESS, PAIN, FEELINGS). THESE CHANGES CHANGE HEART RATE, RESPIRATION, BLOOD PRESSURE, AND MORE AUTONOMIC CHANGES OCCUR IN THE SKIN. ALL THESE CAN BE MEASURED BY GSR SINCE THE GSR IS THE MEASUREMENT OF CHANGES IN SKIN SUE TO AUTONOMIC STIMULATION.
  • 51
    BASED ON THE BRIEF AND UNPROFESSIONAL EXPOSURE TO A POLYGRAPH, EXPLAIN WHY THIS MIGHT NOT BE AN EXACT TOOL FOR TESTING THE SINCERITY AND HONESTY OF A SUBJECT.
    ITS FAILURE RATE IS FAR TOO HIGH TO PROVIDE TRUE SCIENTIFIC OR LEGAL CERTAINTY. IF IT IS BASED ON SKIN AND EMOTIONAL CHANGES, PEOPLE FEEL DIFFERENT ON DIFFERENT TOPICS/SUBJECTS SO IT COULD GIVE A FALSE READING.