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Earth Science Vocab

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created 6 years ago by mgort
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updated 6 years ago by mgort

Grade levels:
5th grade

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1

Seasons

caused by the tilt of the Earth

2

Tilt

an angle, Earth's axis is on a __________

3

Axis

an imaginary line through the center of a planet

4

Revolution

to move around another object. Planets do this in their orbit around the sun.

5

Rotation

to spin

6

Solar System

the sun and all the objects that revolve around it

7

Planet

a large object that revolves around the sun

8

Dwarf Planet

a heavenly body with solid core but not large enough to be a planet

9

Asteroids

small, rocky bodies in orbit around the sun. Mainly found between Mars and Jupiter

10

Comet

small body of frozen gas and dust that has a tail

11

Gravity

the force that pulls things down to the center of the Earth

12

Gravitational Pull

the attraction that one object has for another object due to the invisible force of gravity

13

Phases

a change in the moon's shape as it appears from Earth, takes about 30 days to see whole cycle

14

Stars

a celestial body that produces its own light

15

Constellations

a group of stars that appear to make a pattern

16

Lunar

pertaining to the moon

17

Solar

pertaining to the sun

18

Tides

caused by the gravitational pull of the moon, every 12 hours

19

Lunar Eclipse

when the Earth comes between the sun and the moon, and the shadow of Earth falls on the moon

20

Solar Eclipse

when the moon comes between the sun and the Earth, and the shadow of the moon falls on Earth

21

Hemisphere

half of a sphere, one of the halves into which the earth is divided

22

Celestial

pertaining to the sky or heavenly objects