radreview physical assistance and transfer

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1

Which of the following diastolic pressure readings might indicate hypertension?
A.
40 mm Hg
B.
60 mm Hg
C.
80 mm Hg
D.
100 mm Hg

D.
100 mm Hg

2

With a patient suffering abdominal pain, it is frequently helpful to
1. elevate the head slightly with a pillow.
2. perform the examination in the Trendelenburg position.
3. place a support under the knees.

A.
1 and 2 only
B.
1 and 3 only
C.
2 and 3 only
D.
1, 2, and 3

B.
1 and 3 only

3

When reviewing patient blood chemistry levels, what is considered the normal creatinine range?
A.
0.6 to 1.5 mg/100 mL
B.
4.5 to 6 mg/100 mL
C.
8 to 25 mg/100 mL
D.
Up to 50 mg/100 mL

A.
0.6 to 1.5 mg/100 mL

4

Which of the following statements is correct with regard to assisting a patient from a wheelchair to an x-ray table?
A.
The wheelchair should be parallel with the x-ray table.
B.
The patient's weaker side should be closer to the x-ray table.
C.
The wheelchair should directly face the x-ray table.
D.
The patient's stronger side should be closer to the x-ray table

D.
The patient's stronger side should be closer to the x-ray table

5

When a patient arrives in the radiology department with a urinary Foley catheter bag, it is important to
A.
place the drainage bag above the level of the bladder.
B.
place the drainage bag at the same level as the bladder.
C.
place the drainage bag below the level of the bladder.
D.
clamp the Foley catheter.

C.
place the drainage bag below the level of the bladder.

6

When a patient with one strong side and one weak side is being assisted onto an x-ray table, the radiographer should
A.
position the weaker side closer to the table.
B.
position the stronger side closer to the table.
C.
let the patient manage without assistance.
D.
lift the patient carefully onto the table.

B.
position the stronger side closer to the table.

7

A patient suffering from orthopnea would experience the least discomfort in which body position?
A.
Fowler
B.
Trendelenburg
C.
Recumbent
D.
Erect

D.
Erect

8

While measuring blood pressure, the first pulse that is heard is recorded as the
A.
diastolic pressure.
B.
systolic pressure.
C.
venous pressure.
D.
valvular pressure.

B.
systolic pressure.

9

A patient who has been recumbent for some time and gets up quickly may suffer from light-headedness or feel faint. This is referred to as
A.
dyspnea
B.
orthopnea
C.
hypertension
D.
orthostatic hypotension

D.
orthostatic hypotension

10

When interviewing a patient, what is it that the health care professional can observe?
A.
Symptoms
B.
History
C.
Objective signs
D.
Chief complaint

C.
Objective signs

11

The most commonly used method of low-flow oxygen delivery is the
A.
oxygen mask.
B.
nasal cannula.
C.
respirator.
D.
oxyhood.

B.
nasal cannula.

12

A patient in a recumbent position with the head lower than the feet is said to be in which of the following positions?
A.
Trendelenburg
B.
Fowler
C.
Sims
D.
Stenver

A.
Trendelenburg

13

Which of the following conditions describes a patient who is unable to breathe easily while in the recumbent position?
A.
Dyspnea
B.
Apnea
C.
Orthopnea
D.
Oligopnea

C.
Orthopnea

14

All the following are rules of good body mechanics except
A.
keep back straight, avoid twisting
B.
keep the load close to the body
C.
push, do not pull, the load
D.
keep a narrow base of support

D.
keep a narrow base of support

15

In reviewing a patient's blood chemistry, which of the following blood urea nitrogen (BUN) ranges is considered normal?
A.
0.6 to 1.5 mg/100 mL
B.
4.5 to 6 mg/100 mL
C.
8 to 25 mg/100 mL
D.
Up to 50 mg/100 mL

C.
8 to 25 mg/100 mL

16

A cathartic is used to
A.
inhibit coughing.
B.
promote elimination of urine.
C.
stimulate defecation.
D.
induce vomiting.

C.
stimulate defecation.

17

Exposure factors of 100 kVp and 6 mAs are used with a 6:1 grid for a particular exposure. What should be the new milliampere-seconds value if a 12:1 grid is substituted?
A.
7.5 mAs
B.
10 mAs
C.
13 mAs
D.
18 mAs

B.
10 mAs

18

Chest drainage systems should always be kept

below the level of the patient's chest.

above the patient's chest.

at the level of the patient's diaphragm.

A.
1 only
B.
1 and 2 only
C.
2 and 3 only
D.
1, 2, and 3

A.
1 only

19

When a patient with an arm injury needs help in undressing, the radiographer should
A.
remove clothing from the injured arm first.
B.
remove clothing from the uninjured arm first.
C.
always remove clothing from the left arm first.
D.
always cut clothing away from the injured extremity.

B.
remove clothing from the uninjured arm first.

20

You receive an ambulatory patient for a GI series. As the patient is being seated on the x-ray table, he tells you he feels faint. You should

lay the patient down on the x-ray table.

elevate the patient's legs or place the table slightly Trendelenburg.

leave quickly and call for help.

A.
1 only
B.
1 and 2 only
C.
1 and 3 only
D.
1, 2, and 3

B.
1 and 2 only

21

To reduce the back strain that can result from moving heavy objects, the radiographer should
A.
hold the object away from his or her body when lifting.
B.
bend at the waist and pull.
C.
pull the object.
D.
push the object.

D.
push the object.

22

Involuntary patient motion can be caused by
1. posttraumatic shock.
2. medication.
3. low room temperature.

A.
1 only
B.
1 and 2 only
C.
1 and 3 only
D.
1, 2, and 3

D.
1, 2, and 3

23

Which of the following is (are) characteristic(s) of anemia?

Decreased number of circulating red blood cells

Decreased hemoglobin

Hematuria

A.
1 only
B.
1 and 2 only
C.
1 and 3 only
D.
1, 2, and 3

B.
1 and 2 only

24

Instruments required to assess vital signs include

a stethoscope.

a sphygmomanometer.

a watch with a second hand.

A.
1 only
B.
1 and 2 only
C.
1 and 3 only
D.
1, 2, and 3

D.
1, 2, and 3

25

How should the wheelchair footrests be positioned as a patient is assisted into or out of a wheelchair?
A.
Accessible to the foot
B.
Moved aside
C.
Parallel to the floor
D.
Available for support

B.
Moved aside

26

Accidental injection of medication or contrast medium into tissues around a vein is termed
A.
extravasation.
B.
hematoma.
C.
venipuncture.
D.
collateral circulation.

A.
extravasation.

27

The act of inspiration will cause elevation of the

sternum.

ribs.

diaphragm.

A.
1 only
B.
1 and 2 only
C.
2 and 3 only
D.
1, 2, and 3

B.
1 and 2 only

28

When radiographing the elderly, it is helpful to

move quickly.

address them by their full name.

give straightforward instructions.

A.
1 only
B.
1 and 2 only
C.
2 and 3 only
D.
1, 2, and 3

C.
2 and 3 only

29

Blood pressure is measured in units of
A.
millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).
B.
beats per minute.
C.
degrees Fahrenheit (°F).
D.
liters per minute (L/min).

A.
millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).

30

The condition of slow heart rate, below 60 beats/min, is termed
A.
hyperthermia.
B.
hypotension.
C.
hypoxia.
D.
bradycardia.

D.
bradycardia.

31

Blood pressure may be expressed as 120/95. What does 95 represent?
1. The phase of relaxation of the cardiac muscle tissue
2. The phase of contraction of the cardiac muscle tissue
3. A higher-than-average diastolic pressure

A.
1 only
B.
2 only
C.
1 and 3 only
D.
2 and 3 only

C.
1 and 3 only

32

Moderate hypertension can produce damage to which of the following organs?

1. Lungs

2. Kidneys

3. Brain
A.
1 only
B.
1 and 2 only
C.
2 and 3 only
D.
1, 2, and 3

D.
1, 2, and 3

33

The condition of below-normal blood pressure is termed
A.
hyperthermia.
B.
hypotension.
C.
hypoxia.
D.
bradycardia.

B.
hypotension.

34

Proper body mechanics includes a wide base of support. The base of support is the portion of the body
A.
in contact with the floor or other horizontal surface.
B.
in the midportion of the pelvis or lower abdomen.
C.
passing through the center of gravity.
D.
None of the above.

A.
in contact with the floor or other horizontal surface.

35

The higher the gauge number of an intravenous (IV) needle,
A.
the larger is its diameter.
B.
the greater is its length.
C.
the smaller is its diameter.
D.
the shorter its length

C.
the smaller is its diameter.

36

Which of the following medical equipment is used to determine blood pressure?

Pulse oximeter

Stethoscope

Sphygmomanometer

A.
1 and 2 only
B.
1 and 3 only
C.
2 and 3 only
D.
1, 2, and 3

C.
2 and 3 only

37

The medical term for congenital clubfoot is
A.
coxa plana.
B.
osteochondritis.
C.
talipes.
D.
muscular dystrophy.

C.
talipes.

38

Hirschsprung disease, or congenital megacolon, is related to which of the following age groups?
A.
Neonate
B.
Toddler
C.
Adolescent
D.
Adult

A.
Neonate

39

Which of the following blood pressure measurements might indicate shock?
A.
Systolic pressure lower than 60 mmHg
B.
Systolic pressure higher than 140 mmHg
C.
Diastolic pressure higher than 140 mmHg
D.
Diastolic pressure lower than 90 mmHg

A.
Systolic pressure lower than 60 mmHg

40

Which of the following is (are) symptom(s) of shock?

Pallor and weakness

Increased pulse

Fever

A.
1 only
B.
1 and 2 only
C.
1 and 3 only
D.
1, 2, and 3

B.
1 and 2 only

41

Physical changes characteristic of gerontologic patients usually include
1. loss of bone calcium.
2. loss of hearing.
3. loss of mental alertness.

A.
1 only
B.
1 and 2 only
C.
1 and 3 only
D.
1, 2, and 3

A.
1 only

42

Conditions in which there is a lack of normal bone calcification include

rickets.

osteomalacia.

osteoarthritis.

A.
1 only
B.
1 and 2 only
C.
2 and 3 only
D.
1, 2, and 3

B.
1 and 2 only

43

In the blood pressure reading 145/75 mmHg, what does 145 represent?

The phase of relaxation of the cardiac muscle tissue

The phase of contraction of the cardiac muscle tissue

A higher-than-average diastolic pressure

A.
1 only
B.
2 only
C.
1 and 3 only
D.
2 and 3 only

B.
2 only