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Exercise 19: Gross Anatomy of the Brain and Cranial Nerves

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created 4 years ago by jncanf
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Exercise 19 pg 297 - 302 Im making these notecards to help, so if you use them, please sign up and help add more notecards! And dont forget to rate my helpfulness!!

updated 3 years ago by jncanf

Grade levels:
College: First year, College: Second year, College: Third year, College: Fourth year

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  • 1
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    HUMAN BRAIN- RIGHT LATERAL VIEW -(A - E)
    A = POSTCENTRAL GYRUS
    B = PARIETAL LOBE
    C = PARIETO-OCCIPITAL SULCUS
    D = OCCIPITAL LOBE
    E = CEREBELLUM
  • 2
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    HUMAN BRAIN- RIGHT LATERAL VIEW -(F - L)
    F = PRECENTRAL GYRUS
    G = CENTRAL SULCUS
    H = FRONTAL LOBE
    I = LATERAL SULCUS
    J = TEMPORAL LOBE
    K = PONS
    L = MEDULLA
  • 3
    IN WHICH OF THE CEREBRAL LOBES ARE THE FOLLOWING FUNCTIONAL AREAS FOUND?

    AUDITORY CORTEX
    TEMPORAL LOBE
  • 4
    IN WHICH OF THE CEREBRAL LOBES ARE THE FOLLOWING FUNCTIONAL AREAS FOUND?

    PRIMARY MOTOR CORTEX
    FRONTAL LOBE
  • 5
    IN WHICH OF THE CEREBRAL LOBES ARE THE FOLLOWING FUNCTIONAL AREAS FOUND?

    PRIMARY SENSORY CORTEX
    PARIETAL LOBE
  • 6
    IN WHICH OF THE CEREBRAL LOBES ARE THE FOLLOWING FUNCTIONAL AREAS FOUND?

    OLFACTORY CORTEX
    TEMPORAL LOBE
  • 7
    IN WHICH OF THE CEREBRAL LOBES ARE THE FOLLOWING FUNCTIONAL AREAS FOUND?

    VISUAL CORTEX
    OCCIPITAL LOBE
  • 8
    IN WHICH OF THE CEREBRAL LOBES ARE THE FOLLOWING FUNCTIONAL AREAS FOUND?

    BROCA'S AREA
    FRONTAL LOBE
  • 9
    WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES ARE NOT PART OF THE BRAIN STEM?

    CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES, PONS, MIDBRAIN, CEREBELLUM, MEDULLA, DIENCEPHALON
    CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES, CEREBELLUM, DIENCEPHALON
  • 10
    AN _______ IS A ELEVATED RIDGE OF CEREBRAL TISSUE.
    GYRUS
  • 11
    THE CONVOLUTIONS SEEN IN THE CEREBRUM ARE IMPORTANT BECAUSE THEY INCREASE THE _______.
    SURFACE AREA
  • 12
    GRAY MATTER IS COMPOSED OF ______.
    NEURON CELL BODIES
  • 13
    WHITE MATTER IS COMPOSED OF ______.
    AXONS
  • 14
    Ok, so you’re using my notecards which is great. I am glad I could help you out cause I wish I had someone to help me out when I took this course. I know Anatomy is super hard.
    I only ask that if you find these notecards helpful, you join Easy Notecards and create at least one notecard set to help others out. It can be for any subject or class. Thanks and don’t forget to rate my helpfulness!
  • 15
    A FIBER TRACT THAT PROVIDES FOR COMMUNICATION BETWEEN DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE SAME CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE IS CALLED A(N)______, WHEREAS ONE THAT CARRIES IMPULSES FROM THE CEREBRUM TO LOWER CNS AREAS IS CALLED A(N) __________ TRACT.
    ASSOCIATION TRACT; PROJECTION TRACT
  • 16
    THE LENTIFORM NUCLEUS ALONE WITH THE CAUDATE NUCLEI ARE COLLECTIVELY CALLED THE _______.
    BASAL NUCLEI
  • 17
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    (1-9) SAGITTAL VIEW OF THE HUMAN BRAIN STEM AND DIENCEPHALON
    1. (SMALL PART OF) CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE
    2. CORPUS CALLOSUM
    3. SEPTUM PELLUCIDUM
    4. FORNIX
    5. INTERMEDIATE MASS
    6. HYPOTHALAMUS
    7. OPTIC CHIASMA
    8. MAMMILLARY BODIES
    9. PITUITARY GLAND
  • 18
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    (10-19) SAGITTAL VIEW OF THE HUMAN BRAIN STEM AND DIENCEPHALON
    10. CHOROID PLEXUS
    11. THALAMUS
    12. PINEAL GLAND
    13. CORPORA QUADRIGEMINA
    14. CEREBRAL PEDUNCLE
    15. CEREBRAL AQUEDUCT
    16. FOURTH VENTRICLE
    17. PONS
    18. CEREBELLUM
    19. MEDULLA OBLONGATA
  • 19
    SITE OF REGULATION OF BODY TEMPERATURE AND WATER BALANCE; MOST IMPORTANT AUTONOMIC CENTER
    HYPOTHALAMUS
  • 20
    CONSCIOUSNESS DEPENDS ON THE FUNCTION OF THIS PART OF THE BRAIN
    CHOROID PLEXUS
  • 21
    LOCATED IN THE MIDBRAIN; CONTAINS REFLEX CONTERS FOR VISION AND AUDITION
    CORPORA QUADRIGEMINA
  • 22
    RESPONSIBLE FOR REGULATION OF POSTURE AND COORDINATION OF COMPLEX MUSCULAR MOVEMENTS
    CEREBELLUM
  • 23
    IMPORTANT SYNAPSE SITE FOR AFFERENT FIBERS TRAVELING TO THE SENSORY CORTEX
    THALAMUS
  • 24
    CONTAINS AUTONOMIC CENTERS REGULATING BLOOD PRESSURE, HEART RATE, AND RESPIRATORY RHYTHM, AS WELL AS COUGHING, SNEEZING, AND SWALLOWING CENTERS
    MEDULLA OBLONGATA
  • 25
    LARGE COMMISSURE CONNECTING THE CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES
    CORPUS CALLOSUM
  • 26
    FIBER TRACT INVOLVED WITH OLFACTION
    FORNIX
  • 27
    CONNECTS THE THRID AND FOURTH VENTRICLES
    CEREBRAL AQUEDUCT
  • 28
    ENCLOSES THE THIRD VENTRICLE
    THALAMUS
  • 29
    EMBRYOLOGICALLY, THE BRAIN ARISES FROM THE ROSTRAL END OF A TUBELIKE STRUCTURE THAT QUICKLY BECOMES DIVIDED INTO THREE MAJOR REGIONS. GROUP OF STRUCTURES THAT DEVELOP FROM THE EMBRYONIC BRAIN ARE LISTED BELOW. DESIGNATE THE EMBRYONIC ORIGIN:

    THE DIENCEPHALON, INCLUDING THE THALAMUS, OPTIC CHIASMA, AND HYPOTHALAMUS
    FORBRAIN
  • 30
    EMBRYOLOGICALLY, THE BRAIN ARISES FROM THE ROSTRAL END OF A TUBELIKE STRUCTURE THAT QUICKLY BECOMES DIVIDED INTO THREE MAJOR REGIONS. GROUP OF STRUCTURES THAT DEVELOP FROM THE EMBRYONIC BRAIN ARE LISTED BELOW. DESIGNATE THE EMBRYONIC ORIGIN:

    THE MEDULLA, PONS, AND CEREBELLUM
    HINDBRAIN
  • 31
    EMBRYOLOGICALLY, THE BRAIN ARISES FROM THE ROSTRAL END OF A TUBELIKE STRUCTURE THAT QUICKLY BECOMES DIVIDED INTO THREE MAJOR REGIONS. GROUP OF STRUCTURES THAT DEVELOP FROM THE EMBRYONIC BRAIN ARE LISTED BELOW. DESIGNATE THE EMBRYONIC ORIGIN:

    THE CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES
    FOREBRAIN
  • 32
    WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE BASAL GANGLIA?
    CONTROLLING VOLUNTARY MOVEMENTS AND ESTABLISHING POSTURES.
  • 33
    WHAT IS THE CORPUS STRIATUM, AND HOW IS IT RELATED TO THE FIBERS OF THE INTERNAL CAPSULE?
    FIBERS OF THE INTERNAL CAPSULE PASS THROUGH THE DIENCEPHALON AND BASAL NUCLEI, GIVES THEM STRIPED APPEARANCE. THEREFORE, THEY ARE RELATED AND REFFERED TO AS CORPUS STRIATUM (STRIPED BODY).
  • 34
    A BRAIN HEMORRHAGE WITHIN THE REGION OF THE RIGHT INTERNAL CAPSULE RESULTS IN PARALYSIS OF THE LEFT SIDE OF THE BODY. EXPLAIN WHY THE LEFT SIDE (RATHER THEN THE RIGHT SIDE) IS AFFECTED.
    FIBERS CROSS TO THE OPPOSITE SIDE OF THE BRAIN THROUGH THE MEDULLA OBLONGATA.
  • 35
    EXPLAIN WHY TRAUMA TO THE BASE OF THE BRAIN IS OFTEN MUCH MORE DANGEROUS THEN TRAUMA TO THE FRONTAL LOBE. (HINT: THINK ABOUT THE RELATIVE FUNCTIONING OF THE CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES AND THE BRAIN STEM STRUCTURES. WHICH CONTAIN CENTERS MORE VITAL TO LIFE?)
    THE BASE OF THE BRAIN IS MORE DANGEROUS THEN TRAUMA TO FRONTAL LOBES BECAUSE IT CONTAINS THE CENTERS MORE VITAL TO LIFE SUCH AS, RESPIRATORY, CARDIAC, AND VASOMOTOR CENTERS.
  • 36
    IN "SPLIT BRAIN" EXPERIMENTS, THE MAIN COMMISSURE CONNECTING THE CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES IS CUT. FIRST, NAME THE COMMISSURE.
    CORPUS CALLOSUM
  • 37
    DESCRIBE WHAT RESULTS (IN TERMS OF BEHAVIOR) CAN BE ANTICIPATED IN SUCH EXPERIMENTS. "SPLIT BRAIN"
    PERSON WILL BE UNABLE TO VOCALLY NAME WHAT THEY ARE/HAVE SEEN. A PERSON'S MEMORY IS GENERALLY LOWER THEN NORMAL. CONTROL AND MEMORY CAN BE AFFECTED BY THE SPLIT BRAIN EXAMPLES: MATHEMATICS AND SPEECH CAN BE AFFECTED, LOSS OF DREAMS, CAN BECOME MUTE, AND CANT CONTROL LEFT SIDE OF BODY.
  • 38
    OUTERMOST MENINX COVERING THE BRAIN; COMPOSED OF TOUGH FIBEROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE
    DURA MATER
  • 39
    INNERMOST MENINX COVERING THE BRAIN; DELICATE AND HIGHLY VASCULAR
    PIA MATER
  • 40
    STRUCTURES INSTRUMENTAL IN RETURNING CEREBROSPINAL FLUID TO THE VENOUS BLOOD IN THE DURAL SINUSES
    ARACHNOID VILLI
  • 41
    STRUCTURE THAT FORMS THE CEREBROSPINAL FLUID
    CHOROID PLEXUS
  • 42
    MIDDLE MENINX; LIKE A COBWEB IN STRUCTURE
    ARACHNOID MATER
  • 43
    ITS OUTER LAYER FORMS THE PERIOSTEUM OF THE SKULL
    DURA MATER
  • 44
    A DURAL FOLD THAT ATTACHES THE CEREBRUM TO THE CRISTA GALLI OF THE SKULL
    FALX CEREBRI
  • 45
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    LABEL THE STRUCTURES INVOLVED WITH CIRCULATION OF CEREBROSPINAL FLUID ON THE ACCOMPANYING DIAGRAM.
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  • 46
    A DURAL FOLD SEPARATING THE CEREBRUM FROM THE CEREBELLUM
    TENTORIUM CEREBELLI
  • 47
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    CORRECTLY IDENTIFY ALL STRUCTURES INDICATED BY LEADER LINES ON THE DIAGRAM
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  • 48
    CEREBROSPINAL FLUID FLOWS FROM THE FOURTH VENTRICLE INTO THE CENTRAL CANAL OF THE SPINAL CORD AND THE ____1____ SPACE SURROUNDING THE BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD. FROM THIS SPACE IT DRAINS THROUGH THE ___2___ INTO THE ___3___.
    1. SUBARACHNOID SPACE
    2. ARACHNOID VILLI
    3. DURAL SINUSES
  • 49
    ROTATING THE HEAD
    CRANIAL NERVE XI (ACCESORY)
  • 50
    SMELLING A FLOWER
    CRANIAL NERVE I (OLFACTORY)
  • 51
    RAISING THE EYELIDS; PUPILLARY CONSTRICTION
    CRANIAL NERVES III (OCULOMOTOR) AND X (VAGUS)
  • 52
    SLOWING THE HEART, INCREASING MOTILITY OF THE DIGESTIVE TRACT
    CRANIAL NERVE X (VAGUS)
  • 53
    INVOLVED IN BELL'S PALSY (FACIAL PARALYSIS)
    CRANIAL NERVE VII (FACIAL)
  • 54
    CHEWING FOOD
    CRANIAL NERVE V (TRIGEMINAL)
  • 55
    LISTENING TO MUSIC; SEASICKNESS
    CRANIAL NERVE VIII (VESTIBULOCOHLEAR)
  • 56
    SECRETION OF SALIVA; TASTING WELL-SEASONED FOOD
    CRANIAL NERVE VII (FACIAL)
  • 57
    INVOLVED IN "ROLLING" THE EYES (THREE NERVES PROVIDE NUMBERS ONLY)
    CRANIAL NERVES III, IV, VI
  • 58
    FEELING A TOOTHACHE
    CRANIAL NERVE V (TRIGEMINAL)
  • 59
    READING THE NEWSPAPER
    CRANIAL NERVE II (OPTIC)
  • 60
    PURELY SENSORY IN FUNCTION (THREE NERVES, NUMBERS ONLY)
    CRANIAL NERVES I, II, VIII