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Exercise 13: Articulations and Body Movements


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# Front Side Back Side
1
TYPICALLY ALLOWS A SLIGHT DEGREE OF MOVEMENT
CARTILAGINOUS
2
INCLUDES JOINTS BETWEEN THE VERTEBRAL BODIES AND THE PUBIC SYMPHYSIS
CARTILAGINOUS
3
ESSENTIALLY IMMOVEABLE JOINTS
FIBROUS
4
SUTURES ARE THE MOST REMEMBERED EXAMPLES
FIBROUS
5
CHARACTERIZED BY CARTILAGE CONNECTING THE BONY PORTIONS
CARTILAGINOUS
6
ALL CHARACTERIZED BY A FIBROUS ARTICULAR CAPSULE LINES WITH A SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE SURROUNDING A JOINT CAVITY
SYNOVIAL
7
ALL ARE FREELY MOVABLE OR DIARTHROTIC
SYNOVIAL
8
BONE REGIONS UNITED BY FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE
FIBROUS
9
INCLUDE THE HIP, KNEE, AND ELBOW JOINTS
SYNOVIAL
10
DESCRIBE THE TISSUE TYPE AND FUNCTION OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES IN RELATION TO A SYNOVIAL JOINT:

LIGAMENT
Ligament is a dense connective tissue made out of fasica that connects one bone to another. It also helps by stabilizing joints during movement
11
DESCRIBE THE TISSUE TYPE AND FUNCTION OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES IN RELATION TO A SYNOVIAL JOINT:

TENDON
Connective tissue; connects muscle to bone
12
DESCRIBE THE TISSUE TYPE AND FUNCTION OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES IN RELATION TO A SYNOVIAL JOINT:

ARTICULAR CARTILAGE
CONNECTIVE TISSUE; To cusion the bones from rubbing and smacking on each other. It also allows gliding motion.
13
DESCRIBE THE TISSUE TYPE AND FUNCTION OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES IN RELATION TO A SYNOVIAL JOINT:

SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE
SOFT CONNECTIVE TISSUE; The synovial membrane secretes synovial fluid which serves to lubricate the joint and reduce the friction between bones in joints
14
DESCRIBE THE TISSUE TYPE AND FUNCTION OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES IN RELATION TO A SYNOVIAL JOINT:

BURSA
Fibrous connective tissue; the bursa prevents friction within the joints
15
JOINT BETWEEN THE AXIS AND ATLAS
PIVOT
16
HIP JOINT
BALL AND SOCKET
17
INTERVERTEBRAL JOINTS (BETWEEN ARTICULAR PROCESSES)
CONDYLOID
18
JOINT BETWEEN FOREARM AND BONES AND WRIST
CONDYLOID
19
ELBOW
HINGE
20
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21
INTERPHALANGEAL JOINTS
HINGE
22
INTERCARPAL JOINTS
GLIDING
23
JOINT BETWEEN TALUS AND TIBIA/FIBULA
HINGE
24
JOINT BETWEEN SKULL AND VERTBRAL COLUMN
CONDYLOID
25
JOINT BETWEEN JAW AND SKULL
HINGE
26
JOINTS BETWEEN PROXIMAL PHALANGES AND METACARPAL BONES
CONDYLOID
27
A MULTIAXIAL JOINT
no data
28
BIAXIAL JOINT
no data
29
UNIAXIAL JOINT
no data
30
INDICATE THE NUMBER OF PLANES:

UNIAXIAL JOINTS
1
31
INDICATE THE NUMBER OF PLANES:

BIAXIAL JOINTS
2
32
INDICATE THE NUMBER OF PLANES:

MULTIAXIAL JOINTS
3 OR MORE
33
WHAT CHARACTERISTICS DO ALL JOINTS HAVE IN COMMON?
MOVEMENT
34
WHICH JOINT, THE HIP OR KNEE, IT MORE STABLE?
HIP
35
NAME TWO IMPORTANT FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE STABILITY OF THE HIP JOINT.
DEEP SOCKET AND LIGAMENTS
36
NAME TWO IMPORTANT FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE STABILITY OF THE KNEE.
THE STRENGTH OF THE ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR CRUCIFORM LIGAMENTS

AND THE INTEGRITY OF THE CARTRIDGE ON THE BONES AT THE KNEE
37
THE SHOULDER JOINT IS BUILT FOR MOBILITY. LIST FOUR FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE LARGE RANGE OF MOTION AT THE SHOULDER.
1. BALL AND SOCKET JOINT
2. GLENOID LABRUM DEEPENS THE CAVITY
3. FEW REINFORCING LIGAMENTS
4. THIN/LOOSE ARTICULAR CARTILAGE ENCLOSES THE JOINT
38
IN WHICH DIRECTION DOES THE SHOULDER USUALLY DISLOCATE?
DOWNWARD DISPLACEMENT OF THE HUMEROUS
39
WHAT STRUCTURAL JOINT CHANGES ARE COMMON TO THE ELDERLY?
JOINTS DEGENERATE, ADHESION'S MAY FORM WHERE BONES JOIN, EXTRANEOUS BONE TISSUE CAN GROW ALONE JOINT EDGES.
40
DEFINE SPRAIN.
LIGAMENTS REINFORCING A JOINT ARE DAMAGED BY EXCESSIVE STRETCHING OR ARE TORN AWAY FROM THE BONY ATTACHMENT.
41
DEFINE DISLOCATION.
BONES ARE FORCED OUT OF THEIR NORMAL POSITION IN THE JOINT CAVITY
42
WHAT TYPES OF TISSUE DAMAGE MIGHT YOU EXPECT TO FIND INA DISLOCATED JOINT?
TORN OR STRESSED LIGAMENTS

Comments (8)

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pateva5 7 weeks ago

Thank you soo much. I need you in my life

dubdc40 4 months ago

#27 - Multiaxial joint - Ball and socket
#28 - Biaxial joint - Condylar and Saddle
#29 - Uniaxial joints - Hynge and Pivot

sadie2014 5 months ago

Very helpful! Thank you for sharing :)

jessica9513 5 months ago

Plane (gliding) non axial;
hinge uniaxial;
pivot uniaxial;
condylar biaxial;
saddle biaxial;
ball-and-socket multiaxial

krystalreid 6 months ago

Thank you for taking the time to do these....I really appreciate this. Lab practical next week.

c2089266 10 months ago

super helpful thank you so much!!! people like you make the world go round :D

ptrank 1 year ago

Multiaxial joint is considered a synovial joint.
biaxial joint is also considered a synovial joint.
Note: this is not an answer option.
Page 170

Your information is very helpful! Thank you!!

OniHime 2 years ago

Synovial membrane is a membrane composed of soft areolar tissue containing no epithelial cells. It lines the fibrous capsules surrounding the joints where they provide a smooth surface and secrete a lubricating fluid. (pages 112 and 605 in "Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology by Elaine N. Marieb)

A Multiaxial joint is a ball-and-socket joint.
A Biaxial joint is a condylar joint.
A Uniaxial joint is a hinge joint.
(pages 170 and 171)

Other than that, your notes are extremely helpf

Helpfulness:33

 

Description

EXERCISE 13
PG. 183 - PG. 186

Book

Human Anatomy & Physiology

Chapters: none

Grade levels

College: First year
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Created

3 years agoby jncanf

Last updated

2 years agoby jncanf

Views

47252

Subjects

science, life sciences, human anatomy & physiology

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