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Exercise 13: Articulations and Body Movements

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created 4 years ago by jncanf
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EXERCISE 13 PG. 183 - PG. 186

updated 3 years ago by jncanf

Grade levels:
College: First year, College: Second year, College: Third year, College: Fourth year

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  • 1
    TYPICALLY ALLOWS A SLIGHT DEGREE OF MOVEMENT
    CARTILAGINOUS
  • 2
    INCLUDES JOINTS BETWEEN THE VERTEBRAL BODIES AND THE PUBIC SYMPHYSIS
    CARTILAGINOUS
  • 3
    ESSENTIALLY IMMOVEABLE JOINTS
    FIBROUS
  • 4
    SUTURES ARE THE MOST REMEMBERED EXAMPLES
    FIBROUS
  • 5
    CHARACTERIZED BY CARTILAGE CONNECTING THE BONY PORTIONS
    CARTILAGINOUS
  • 6
    ALL CHARACTERIZED BY A FIBROUS ARTICULAR CAPSULE LINES WITH A SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE SURROUNDING A JOINT CAVITY
    SYNOVIAL
  • 7
    ALL ARE FREELY MOVABLE OR DIARTHROTIC
    SYNOVIAL
  • 8
    BONE REGIONS UNITED BY FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE
    FIBROUS
  • 9
    INCLUDE THE HIP, KNEE, AND ELBOW JOINTS
    SYNOVIAL
  • 10
    DESCRIBE THE TISSUE TYPE AND FUNCTION OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES IN RELATION TO A SYNOVIAL JOINT:

    LIGAMENT
    Ligament is a dense connective tissue made out of fasica that connects one bone to another. It also helps by stabilizing joints during movement
  • 11
    DESCRIBE THE TISSUE TYPE AND FUNCTION OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES IN RELATION TO A SYNOVIAL JOINT:

    TENDON
    Connective tissue; connects muscle to bone
  • 12
    DESCRIBE THE TISSUE TYPE AND FUNCTION OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES IN RELATION TO A SYNOVIAL JOINT:

    ARTICULAR CARTILAGE
    CONNECTIVE TISSUE; To cusion the bones from rubbing and smacking on each other. It also allows gliding motion.
  • 13
    DESCRIBE THE TISSUE TYPE AND FUNCTION OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES IN RELATION TO A SYNOVIAL JOINT:

    SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE
    SOFT CONNECTIVE TISSUE; The synovial membrane secretes synovial fluid which serves to lubricate the joint and reduce the friction between bones in joints
  • 14
    DESCRIBE THE TISSUE TYPE AND FUNCTION OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES IN RELATION TO A SYNOVIAL JOINT:

    BURSA
    Fibrous connective tissue; the bursa prevents friction within the joints
  • 15
    JOINT BETWEEN THE AXIS AND ATLAS
    PIVOT
  • 16
    HIP JOINT
    BALL AND SOCKET
  • 17
    INTERVERTEBRAL JOINTS (BETWEEN ARTICULAR PROCESSES)
    CONDYLOID
  • 18
    JOINT BETWEEN FOREARM AND BONES AND WRIST
    CONDYLOID
  • 19
    ELBOW
    HINGE
  • 20
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  • 21
    INTERPHALANGEAL JOINTS
    HINGE
  • 22
    INTERCARPAL JOINTS
    GLIDING
  • 23
    JOINT BETWEEN TALUS AND TIBIA/FIBULA
    HINGE
  • 24
    JOINT BETWEEN SKULL AND VERTBRAL COLUMN
    CONDYLOID
  • 25
    JOINT BETWEEN JAW AND SKULL
    HINGE
  • 26
    JOINTS BETWEEN PROXIMAL PHALANGES AND METACARPAL BONES
    CONDYLOID
  • 27
    A MULTIAXIAL JOINT
    no data
  • 28
    BIAXIAL JOINT
    no data
  • 29
    UNIAXIAL JOINT
    no data
  • 30
    INDICATE THE NUMBER OF PLANES:

    UNIAXIAL JOINTS
    1
  • 31
    INDICATE THE NUMBER OF PLANES:

    BIAXIAL JOINTS
    2
  • 32
    INDICATE THE NUMBER OF PLANES:

    MULTIAXIAL JOINTS
    3 OR MORE
  • 33
    WHAT CHARACTERISTICS DO ALL JOINTS HAVE IN COMMON?
    MOVEMENT
  • 34
    WHICH JOINT, THE HIP OR KNEE, IT MORE STABLE?
    HIP
  • 35
    NAME TWO IMPORTANT FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE STABILITY OF THE HIP JOINT.
    DEEP SOCKET AND LIGAMENTS
  • 36
    NAME TWO IMPORTANT FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE STABILITY OF THE KNEE.
    THE STRENGTH OF THE ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR CRUCIFORM LIGAMENTS

    AND THE INTEGRITY OF THE CARTRIDGE ON THE BONES AT THE KNEE
  • 37
    THE SHOULDER JOINT IS BUILT FOR MOBILITY. LIST FOUR FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE LARGE RANGE OF MOTION AT THE SHOULDER.
    1. BALL AND SOCKET JOINT
    2. GLENOID LABRUM DEEPENS THE CAVITY
    3. FEW REINFORCING LIGAMENTS
    4. THIN/LOOSE ARTICULAR CARTILAGE ENCLOSES THE JOINT
  • 38
    IN WHICH DIRECTION DOES THE SHOULDER USUALLY DISLOCATE?
    DOWNWARD DISPLACEMENT OF THE HUMEROUS
  • 39
    WHAT STRUCTURAL JOINT CHANGES ARE COMMON TO THE ELDERLY?
    JOINTS DEGENERATE, ADHESION'S MAY FORM WHERE BONES JOIN, EXTRANEOUS BONE TISSUE CAN GROW ALONE JOINT EDGES.
  • 40
    DEFINE SPRAIN.
    LIGAMENTS REINFORCING A JOINT ARE DAMAGED BY EXCESSIVE STRETCHING OR ARE TORN AWAY FROM THE BONY ATTACHMENT.
  • 41
    DEFINE DISLOCATION.
    BONES ARE FORCED OUT OF THEIR NORMAL POSITION IN THE JOINT CAVITY
  • 42
    WHAT TYPES OF TISSUE DAMAGE MIGHT YOU EXPECT TO FIND INA DISLOCATED JOINT?
    TORN OR STRESSED LIGAMENTS