Respiratory system Pathology terms

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created 8 years ago by Amandajura
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1

acute bronchitis

infection and inflammation of bronchial airways

2

ARDS

acute, life threatening condition of lung injury that develops secondary

3

allergic rhinitis

inflammation of the nasal membranes, caused by allergies

4

asbestosis

respiratory disease cause by chronic or repetitive inhalation of asbestos fibers

5

asthma

disease marked by episodic narrowing and inflammation of the airways, resulting in wheezing, SOB, and cough

6

atelectasis

partial collapse of the alveoli and tiny airways of the lung

7

COPD

group of diseases in which alveolar sacs are destroyed and chronic, sever SOB results

8

CWP (coal worker's pneumoconiosis)

repiratory disease caused by chronic or repetitive inhalation of coal dust; often called black lung

9

coryza

acute inflammation of the nasal mucosa; the common cold

10

crackles

abnormal crackly lung sound

11

croup

acute viral disease, usually in children, marked by barking cough

12

cystic fibrosis

fatal genetic disease that causes frequent respiratory infections, increased airway secretion, and COPD in children

13

deviated septum

condition in which the nasal septum is displaced to the side, causing the two nares to be unequal

14

emphysema

abnormal increase in the size of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchiole and destruction of the alveolar walls

15

empyema

collection of infected fluid between the two pleural membranes that line the lungs

16

epitaxis

episode of bleeding from the nose; commonly known as a nosebleed

17

hemoptysis

coughing up blood from the respiratory tract

18

hemothorax

blood or bloody fluid has collected within the intrapleural space, causing lung compression and respiratory distress

19

histoplasmosis

systemic respiratory disease caused by a fungus found in soil contaminated with bird droppings

20

hypercapnia

chronic retention of CO2, causing mental cloudiness and lethargy

21

influenza

common, contagious, acute viral respiratory illness

22

laryngitis

condition of inflammation of the larynx

23

legionellosis

bacterial lung infection caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophila

24

nasal polyps

rounded tissue growths on the nasal or sinal mucosa

25

OSA obstuctive sleep apnea

dysfunctional breathing that occurs when the upper airway is intermittently blocked during sleep

26

orthopnea

labored breathing that occurs when lying flat and improves when sitting up

27

pharyngitis

inflammation of the pharynx; commonly called sore throat

28

pleural effusion

excess collection of fluid in the intrapleural space

29

pleurisy

condition in which the pleurae become inflamed, causing sharp inspiratory chest pain

30

pneumoconiosis

any disease of the respiratory tract caused by chronic or repetitive inhalation of dust particles

31

pneumonia

bacterial or viral infection of the lungs

32

pneumothorax

air collects in the intrapleural space; categorized as open, closed, spontaneous, or tension, and commonly called collapsed lung

33

pulmonary embolism PE

sudden obstruction of a pulmonary blood vessel by debris, blood clots, or other matter

34

pulmonary tuberculosis TB

infection caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis

35

rhonchi

gurgling sound heard in the lungs with a stethoscope

36

silicosis

respiratory disease caused by chronic or repetitive inhalation of silica dust

37

sinusitis

inflammation of the lining of the sinus cavities

38

stridor

high-pitched upper airway sound heard without a stethoscope

39

URI upper respiratory infection

infection and inflammation of the upper-airway structures, usually caused by a virus; often called a common cold

40

wheeze

somewhat musical sound heard in the lungs, usually with a stethoscope, caused by partial airway obstruction