Culture and Communication

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1

What does the word "culture" include?

A social groups language, laws, and religion

2

_____ refers to the biological characteristics that make us men and women; _____ refers to the socially constructed roles and behaviors that have been deemed appropriate for men and women.

Sex
Gender

3

The process by which we learn the culture into which we are born is called _____

enculturation

4

The process by which we learn the rules and norms of a culture different from our native culture is called _____

acculturation

5

According to this perspective on culture, immigrants should leave their native culture behind and adapt to the culture of their new country.

Assimilationist

6

In what ways does culture differ?

Collectivism and Individualism
High and low-context
Power distances

7

In this type of culture, people define themselves according to their group affiliation and are willing to sacrifice to meet group goals. This culture promotes benevolence, tradition, and conformity.

Collectivistic culture

8

Members of this type of culture often place much emphasis on face-saving behaviors.

High-context culture

9

This culture is one in which most of the information is explicitly stated in the verbal message.

Low-context culture

10

A culture in which power is concentrated in the hands of few is considered to be a _____________

High-power distance culture

11

Cultures in which we are expected to confront a friend, partner, or supervisor assertively.

Low-power distance cultures

12

Cultures in which we are expected to be modest, polite, and totally respectful to those who have more status than us.

High-power distance cultures

13

This culture highly values modesty, concern for the relationship and the quality of life, and tenderness.

Feminine Culture

14

This culture values aggressiveness, material success, and strength.

Masculine Culture

15

These cultures emphasize the quality of life and so socialize their members to be modest and to emphasize close interpersonal relationships.

Feminine Cultures

16

Members of _____-tolerant cultures do not feel threatened by unknown situations; uncertainty is a normal part of life.

high-ambiguity

17

Members of _____-tolerant cultures fear uncertainty and create very clear rules for communication.

low-ambiguity

18

Cultures with a _____ orientation promote preparation for the future to attain later rewards in life.

Long-term

19

Members of cultures with a(n) _____ orientation expect quick results from their efforts, spend their resources for the present, and look more to the present than the future.

short-term

20

The feeling that you have the freedom to do as you please is _____.

life control

21

Members of cultures high in _____ are generally unhappy, cynical, and pessimistic.

restraint

22

What are three examples of intercultural communication?

Interethnic communication
Interracial communication
International communication

23

_____ is the tendency to see others and their behaviors through your own culture filters.

Ethnocentrism

24

A person says, “She thinks that way because she’s a woman.” Another says, “He believes that because he was raised as a Catholic.” These are examples of what?

Overattribution

25

True/False

Culture includes a social group’s language, ways of thinking, laws, religion, communication theories, styles, and attitudes.

True

26

True/False

Cultures teach boys and girls the same attitudes, beliefs, values, and ways of communicating and relating to one another.

False

27

True/False

Culture is passed on from one generation to the next through genes.

False

28

True/False

Enculturation is the process by which you learn the rules and norms of a culture different from your native culture.

False

29

True/False

Acculturation is the process by which you learn the culture into which you were born.

False

30

True/False

Politeness and the way it is communicated is universal among all cultures.

False

31

True/False

The emphasis on cultural awareness in your textbook implies that you should accept all cultural practices or that all cultural practices are equal.

False

32

True/False

Americans generally have a preference for individual values.

True

33

True/False

A high-context culture is one in which most of the information is explicitly stated in the verbal message.

False

34

True/False

In high-power-distance cultures, power is evenly distributed throughout the citizenry.

False

35

True/False

A highly feminine culture values modesty, concern for the relationship and quality of life, and tenderness.

True

36

True/False

All cultures are uncomfortable with ambiguity.

False

37

True/False

People’s happiness depends on whether they feel in control of their lives and have leisure time.

True

38

True/False

Ethnocentrism is the tendency to see others and their behaviors through our own cultural filters.

True

39

True/False

Overattribution is a good strategy to deal with difficult intercultural communication situations.

False

40

_____ is the process by which we learn the culture into which we are born.

Enculturation

41

A perspective that values _____ holds that people should retain their native cultural ways.

cultural diversity

42

Technology has made _____ communication easy, practical, and inevitable.

intercultural

43

Success in an _____ culture is measured by the extent to which you surpass other members of your group.

individualistic

44

In a _____-context culture, you would look to the context or the relationship with the person to gather much of the information in communication.

high

45

In _____-power distance cultures, power is concentrated in the hands of a few, and there is a great difference in the power held by these people and by the ordinary citizen.

high

46

Members of a _____-ambiguity-tolerant culture avoid uncertainty and are anxious about an unpredictable future.

low

47

_____ are fixed impressions of a group of people.

Stereotypes

48

To increase intercultural communication competence, you should practice _____, which can help you avoid operating on the basis of often incorrect assumptions.

mindfulness

49

_____ is the tendency to assign too much of a person’s behavior or attitudes to one of that person’s characteristics.

Overattribution