The Human Body: An Orientation

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1

The study of the function of the human body is termed:
a. gross anatomy
b. systemic anatomy
c. cytology
d. physiology

d. physiology

2

A group of similar cells that perform the same function is classified as a(n)__________.
a. tissue
b. organ
c. organ system
d. organism

a. tissue

3

Which of the following body systems is most involved in responsiveness?
a. Muscular system
b. Digestive system
c. Nervous system
d. Reproductive system

c. Nervous system

4

Which if the following is not a survival need?
a. normal body temperature
b. growth
c. appropriate atmospheric pressure
d. nutrients

b. growth

5

During exercise the body cools itself by sweating. Sweating in response to an elevated body temperature is an example of what process?
a. metabolism
b. movement
c. positive feedback
d. homeostasis

d. homeostasis

6

The nose is ______to the lips.
a. anterior
b. superior
c. medial
d. proximal

b. superior

7

The knee is ______to the ankle?
a. anterior
b. superior
c. medial
d. proximal

d. proximal

8

The eyes are ______to the ears?
a. deep
b. medial
c. superior
d. dorsal

b. medial

9

The sternum, or breastbone, protects the heart and is _______to the heart.
a. anterior
b. superior
c. medial
d. proximal

b. anterior

10

While performing a dissection, the students noticed that the veins were closer to the skin that the arteries. Therefore, the veins were_______to the arteries.
a. anterior
b. posterior
c. superficial
d. deep

c. superficial

11

The word cervical pertains to what region of your body?
a. neck
b. arm
c. elbow
d. knee

a. neck

12

The word orbital pertains to what region of your body?
a. mouth
b. knee
c. eye
d. ear

c. eye

13

If a patient complained of pain in the antebrachial area, what area would you examine?
a. arm
b. forearm
c. elbow
d. neck

b. forearm

14

When taking a popliteal pulse you would be feeling what region of the body?
a. front of the wrist
b. front of the elbow
c. behind the knee
d. side of the neck

c. behind the knee

15

A broken hallux refers specifically to a broken ________.
a. big toe
b. thumb
c. finger
d. vertebra

a. big toe

16

The ______plane divides the body onto equal right and left halves.
a. sagittal
b. midsagittal
c. frontal
d. transverse

b. midsagittal

17

The plane that divides the body into superior and inferior is the ___________.
a. sagittal
b. midsagittal
c. frontal
d. transverse

d. transverse

18

If a person had a toe amputated, the surgeon would make a ________cut to amputate the toe.
a. sagittal
b. midsagittal
c. frontal
d. transverse

c. frontal

19

A leg amputation would require a cut in which plane?
a. sagittal
b. midsagittal
c. frontal
d. transverse

d. transverse

20

To amputate an entire upper extremity, the surgeon would cut in which plane?
a. sagittal
b. midsagittal
c. frontal
d. transverse

a. sagittal

21

Which of the following are the two major closed body cavities?
a. ventral and dorsal
b. superior and inferior
c. thoracic and abdominal
d. cranial and spinal

a. ventral and dorsal

22

The body of a serous membrane that lines the body cavity is the _________layer.
a. visceral
b. parietal
c. mucous
d. pleural

b. parietal

23

What structure divides the anterior cavity into two sections?
a. spinal column
b. heart
c. mediastinum
d. diaphragm

d. diaphragm

24

Which membrane lines the abdomino-pelvic cavity?
a. pleural
b. peritoneal
c. pericardial
d. synovial

b. peritoneal

25

The liver is located in which abdominal region(s)?
a. right lumbar and left hypochondriac
b. left hypochondriac and hypogastric
c. right lumbar and right hypochondriac
d. right hypochondriac and epigastric

d. right hypochondriac and epigastric

26

Which type of MRI tracks blood flow into the brain in real time?
a. functional MRI
b. bloodless MRI
c. magnetic resonance spectroscopy
d. dynamic spatial reconstruction

a. functional MRI