American History up to 1877
Most modern archeologists would agree that the earliest inhabitants of the Western Hemisphere came from which of the following areas of the world?
About 15,000 years ago B.P., which land bridge was used by migrants to cross between Siberia and Alaska?
Which group was the first to build cities in the "new world"?
Which of the following groups lived in what is now known as the Four Corners region of the United States?
Recently, scholars have begun to find evidence of incredible manipulations of landscapes and environments in the least likely of places,
the Amazon rainforest
Which Spanish explorer led the first official expedition to the North American mainland?
Ponce de León
Columbus mistakenly labeled the Taino people "Indians," believing that
he had reached the East Indies
Although the Aztec eventually drove Cortés and his conquistadors out of their capital city of Tenochtitlán, it eventually fell to siege primarily because of the
infectious diseases brought by the Spanish
What momentous event, which occurred throughout Europe, distracted England from pursuing empire in the 1500s?
In 1600, England's settlements in the Americas included
None of these answers is correct (Roanoke, Jamestown, Newfoundland)
What was the second oldest permanent European settlement in America?
Santa Fe, New Mexico
What is merchantilism?
use of raw materials from the colonies to produce a favorable balance of trade
In What year was Maryland founded as a proprietary colony by the Calvert family?
Gen. James Oglethorpe was granted a charter to colonize Georgia in what year?
Which of the following is the best description of a "headright"?
the right of a free settler or sponsor of immigrants to receive 50 acres per person or head
The French primarily built settlements instead of cultivating trading relationships.
Puritan women were restricted to domestic work.
The "Mayflower Compact" of the Pilgrim Separatists was
a framework for government devised without a legal basis to do so
William Penn and the Quakers differed from the Puritans of New England in their belief that
the state should guarantee all inhabitants freedom of worship
There was widespread opposition in the colonies.
________ differences heightened sectional tensions between the seaboard's established communities and the frontiers.
________ was an intellectual movement in both Europe and America that celebrated the power of human reason.
Only some of the major colonial cities were seaports.
England and North America were exactly alike in the 18th century.
The Tea Act of 1773
gave the East India company a monopoly on the American tea trade
The ________ Act allowed the housing of British troops in uninhabited private homes, outlying buildings, and barns.
The Sugar Act is also known as the Revenue Act.
The author of Common Sense was John Locke.
The Declaration of Independence was adopted
July 4, 1776
The "________" was an appeal from the Second Continental Congress affirming American loyalty to King George III.
Olive Branch Petition
As the new nation's first president, Washington lamented that nearly all of his actions while in office would
establish a model for those that followed
Hamilton proposed to define the national debt in a way that increased what the nation had to pay. What two pressing financial problems did this seek to solve?
revenue and credit
Washington's farewell address
warned against the dangers of parties and called for a restoration of unity in the national political system
Jefferson's Republican party
appealed to fears of commerce and urbanization
The "Second Great Awakening" refers to
a revivalist religious movement at the beginning of the 1800s
Which of the following proved to be the breakthrough necessary to push cotton production to the center of the American agricultural stage?
invention of the cotton gin
In the years before the Civil War, what single enterprise employed more workers than any other enterprise in the country?
the postal system
What was the most basic reason so many Americans moved so much, especially to the new western lands?
improved economic opportunity
The factory system began in which industry?
Jackson's popularity was derived not only from defeating the British but also from
his opening extensive tracts
Which of the following is an accurate statement about the presidential election of 1840?
the election demonstrated that a strong, democratic, and popular two-party system was firmly established.
The forced removal of the Cherokees to Oklahoma in 1838, a deadly march under Army escort, is known as the Trail of Tears.
The ideal of domesticity
held that women's sphere was the home and family
considered emotion as the source of truth.
sought to rise above reason through individualist spiritual communion with nature.
Seneca Falls, New York, was the site of
the first major women's rights convention