American History up to 1877

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1

Most modern archeologists would agree that the earliest inhabitants of the Western Hemisphere came from which of the following areas of the world?

Asia

2

About 15,000 years ago B.P., which land bridge was used by migrants to cross between Siberia and Alaska?

Bering Strait

3

Which group was the first to build cities in the "new world"?

Olmecs

4

Which of the following groups lived in what is now known as the Four Corners region of the United States?

Anasazi

5

Recently, scholars have begun to find evidence of incredible manipulations of landscapes and environments in the least likely of places,

the Amazon rainforest

6

Which Spanish explorer led the first official expedition to the North American mainland?

Ponce de León

7

Columbus mistakenly labeled the Taino people "Indians," believing that

he had reached the East Indies

8

Although the Aztec eventually drove Cortés and his conquistadors out of their capital city of Tenochtitlán, it eventually fell to siege primarily because of the

infectious diseases brought by the Spanish

9

What momentous event, which occurred throughout Europe, distracted England from pursuing empire in the 1500s?

the Reformation

10

In 1600, England's settlements in the Americas included

None of these answers is correct (Roanoke, Jamestown, Newfoundland)

11

What was the second oldest permanent European settlement in America?

Santa Fe, New Mexico

12

What is merchantilism?

use of raw materials from the colonies to produce a favorable balance of trade

13

In What year was Maryland founded as a proprietary colony by the Calvert family?

1632

14

Gen. James Oglethorpe was granted a charter to colonize Georgia in what year?

1732

15

Which of the following is the best description of a "headright"?

the right of a free settler or sponsor of immigrants to receive 50 acres per person or head

16

The French primarily built settlements instead of cultivating trading relationships.

False

17

Puritan women were restricted to domestic work.

True

18

The "Mayflower Compact" of the Pilgrim Separatists was

a framework for government devised without a legal basis to do so

19

William Penn and the Quakers differed from the Puritans of New England in their belief that

the state should guarantee all inhabitants freedom of worship

20

There was widespread opposition in the colonies.

True

21

________ differences heightened sectional tensions between the seaboard's established communities and the frontiers.

Ethnic

22

________ was an intellectual movement in both Europe and America that celebrated the power of human reason.

The Enlightenment

23

Only some of the major colonial cities were seaports.

False

24

England and North America were exactly alike in the 18th century.

False

25

The Tea Act of 1773

gave the East India company a monopoly on the American tea trade

26

The ________ Act allowed the housing of British troops in uninhabited private homes, outlying buildings, and barns.

Quartering

27

The Sugar Act is also known as the Revenue Act.

True

28

The author of Common Sense was John Locke.

False

29

The Declaration of Independence was adopted

July 4, 1776

30

The "________" was an appeal from the Second Continental Congress affirming American loyalty to King George III.

Olive Branch Petition

31

As the new nation's first president, Washington lamented that nearly all of his actions while in office would

establish a model for those that followed

32

Hamilton proposed to define the national debt in a way that increased what the nation had to pay. What two pressing financial problems did this seek to solve?

revenue and credit

33

Washington's farewell address

warned against the dangers of parties and called for a restoration of unity in the national political system

34

Jefferson's Republican party

appealed to fears of commerce and urbanization

35

The "Second Great Awakening" refers to

a revivalist religious movement at the beginning of the 1800s

36

Which of the following proved to be the breakthrough necessary to push cotton production to the center of the American agricultural stage?

invention of the cotton gin

37

In the years before the Civil War, what single enterprise employed more workers than any other enterprise in the country?

the postal system

38

What was the most basic reason so many Americans moved so much, especially to the new western lands?

improved economic opportunity

39

The factory system began in which industry?

textiles

40

Jackson's popularity was derived not only from defeating the British but also from

his opening extensive tracts

41

Which of the following is an accurate statement about the presidential election of 1840?

the election demonstrated that a strong, democratic, and popular two-party system was firmly established.

42

The forced removal of the Cherokees to Oklahoma in 1838, a deadly march under Army escort, is known as the Trail of Tears.

True

43

The ideal of domesticity

held that women's sphere was the home and family

44

Romanticism

considered emotion as the source of truth.

45

Transcendentalism

sought to rise above reason through individualist spiritual communion with nature.

46

Seneca Falls, New York, was the site of

the first major women's rights convention