An Introduction to Pharmacology, 6th edition: Hitner and Nagle

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 7 years ago by Tamilyn2
196 views
Chapter 1 terms
updated 7 years ago by Tamilyn2
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Adverse effect

General term for undesirable and potentially harmful drug effect.

2

Agonist

Drug that binds to a receptor and activates a physiologic response or drug action.

3

Antagonist

Drug that binds to a receptor and interferes with other drugs or substances from producing a drug effect.

4

Chemical name

Name that defines the chemical composition of a drug.

5

Contraindications

Situations or conditions when a certain drug should not be administered.

6

Controlled substances

Drug that has the potential for abuse and thus is regulated by law.

7

Dose

A measurement of the amount of drug that is administered.

8

Drug indications

Intended or indicated uses for any drug.

9

ED50

Effective dose 50, or dose that will produce an effect that is half of the maximal response.

10

Generic name

Nonproprietary name of a drug.

11

LD50

Lethal dose 50, or dose that will kill 50% of the laboratory animals tested.

12

Mechanism of action

Explanation of how a drug produces its effects.

13

Nonprescription, over-the-counter (OTC) drug

Drug that can be purchased without the services of a physician.

14

Pharmacology

Study of drugs.

15

Potency

Measure of the strength, or concentration, of a drug required to produce a specific effect.

16

Prescription drug

Drug for which dispensing requires a written or phone order that can only be issued by or under the direction of a licensed physician.

17

Receptor

Specific cellular structure that a drug binds to and that produces a physiologic effect.

18

Side effect

Drug effect other than the therapeutic effect that is usually undesirable but not harmful.

19

Site of action

Location within the body where a drug exerts its therapeutic effect, often a specific drug receptor.

20

Therapeutic effect

Desired drug effect to alleviate some condition or symptom of disease.

21

Therapeutic Index (TI)

Ratio of the LD50 to the ED50 in animal studies.

22

Toxic effect

Undesirable dru effect that implies drug poisoning; can be very harmful or life-threatening.

23

Trade name

Patented proprietary name of a drug sold by a specific drug manufacturer; also referred to as the brand name.