The ________ was an early nineteenth century development that constituted the combined solution to the problems of locating sufficient capital, transporting raw materials to factories and products to consumers, and supervising large numbers of workers. p.224
As the gap between owners and workers increased in the 1840s, American workers
p. 225, 228
failed to become a self-conscious working class.
Most workers in the earliest textile factories were
women and children.
The Boston Associates built textile mills in which young single New England women worked under relatively pleasant conditions. This was called the ________ System.
In the 1830s and 1840s, most of the thousands of poor and wretched immigrants who flooded into America came from
Ireland and Germany.
By far the most important indirect effect of industrialization occurred when the
South began to produce cotton to supply the new textile mills of New England and Great Britain.
A disadvantage of upland or "green-seed" cotton was that it
was very difficult to separate the seeds from the lint.
As a result of the cotton gin,
cotton production soared and the Southern economy boomed.
A successful and bloody slave revolt led to the creation in 1804 of the black republic of
The cotton boom in the early nineteenth century caused a
demand for more labor which was met by a renewed growth of slavery.
Part of the "democratizing" of politics during the age of Jackson was the
elimination of property qualifications for voting and holding office.
In the election of 1828,
Andrew Jackson defeated John Quincy Adams in a contest disgraced by character assassination on both sides.
The basic concept underlying the "spoils system" was that
party workers must be rewarded with political office after a successful campaign.
Jackson's view of the presidency differed from his predecessor's primarily in his belief that the
president was the direct representative of all the people and the embodiment of national power.
In response to the espousal of the states’ rights doctrine on the Senate floor by South Carolinian Robert Hayne, which of the following argued that the Constitution was a compact of the people and that the Union was indissoluble?
Nicholas Biddle realized that he could use the Second National Bank as a
rudimentary central bank.
Of the second Bank of the United States, who believed that it was making “the rich richer and the potent more powerful”?
Jackson's attitude toward nullification was to
oppose it because of his devotion to the Union.
Like fellow Westerners, President Jackson
preferred that local projects be left to the states.
According to the map "Indian Removals," the Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek, Chickasaw, and Seminole were forcibly removed from
Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida.
Harriet Beecher Stowe was
not a professional writer but had been roused by the Fugitive Slave Act.
Stephen Douglas staunchly believed that the slavery question in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska should be resolved by
The ________ party was most closely associated with Americanism, or nativism.
A major cause of the disorder in Kansas was the
interference from outsiders from both the North and the South on the slavery issue.
In May 1856, ________ slaughtered five unarmed, proslavery settlers at Pottawatomie Creek in "bleeding Kansas."
“An Act of Congress which deprives a person…of his liberty or property merely because he came himself or brought his property into a particular Territory…could hardly be dignified with the name of due process of law.” This statement is from the
Dred Scott decision.
Buchanan's reaction to the Lecompton constitution was to
support it despite the fraud perpetrated by the proslavery faction.
During the Lincoln-Douglas debates, Lincoln
opposed both slavery and social and political equality for blacks.
Before John Brown was executed by Virginia for treason, conspiracy, and murder,
he behaved with such enormous dignity that many Northerners saw him as a martyr.
Among the most basic justifications for the secession of the South were the
fears of the overpowering Northern economy.
“The formation of the moral and intellectual character of the young is committed mainly to the female hand…The mother forms the character of the future man.” This statement supports the concept of
the Cult of True Womanhood.
A typical theme of the Second Great Awakening was that
people could take their salvation into their own hands.
What your text labels "the third pillar of the emerging American middle class," alongside the family and church, which had neither colonial precedents nor European equivalents, was
The communitarian group whose members were celibate, held their property in common, valued simplicity and industriousness, stressed equality of labor, and practiced a joyful and fervent religion was
The pioneer in developing methods for educating deaf people who opened a school for deaf students in 1817 was
One of the most striking aspects of the various practical reform movements of the early nineteenth century was their
emphasis on creating special facilities for dealing with social problems.
Catholic immigrants from Germany and Ireland often
objected to demands for prohibition of all alcohol.
No reform movement of the early nineteenth century was "more significant" and "more ambiguous" than
The most influential black abolitionist was
The Declaration of Sentiments from the Seneca Falls Convention states "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal.” A primary author of this statement was
Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
The peace treaty of 1783 with England granted the United States all the land
drained by rivers flowing into the Atlantic.
In the battle over the independence of Texas, the slaughters at Goliad and at ________, a former mission, made peaceful settlement of the dispute with Mexico almost impossible.
Manifest destiny might best be described as the belief that Americans were
God's chosen people.
In 1840, California could be most accurately described as
unmistakably Mexican, with only a handful of white American settlers.
In accordance with the joint resolution that annexed Texas,
up to four new states could be created from its territory.
Mexico's main grievance against the United States was based upon the
annexation of Texas.
The campaign against Mexico City was commanded by General
Under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, the United States
gained New Mexico and Upper California.
For many Americans, the ultimate justification of manifest destiny and the Mexican War seemed to be the
discovery of gold in California in 1848.
California's possible admission as a free state caused such a furor because it
broke the balance of power in the Senate between slave and free states.
Which of the following statements about slavery as an economic institution in the 1840s and 1850s is true?
The price of slaves rose dramatically from 1820.
On the eve of the Civil War, about ________ of white southern families owned at least one slave.
By the middle of the nineteenth century much of the South's cotton trade was controlled by
New York capitalists.
As a social institution, slavery in the United States
is difficult to generalize about because a key factor in the institution was the behavior of individual masters, which varied greatly.
In the 1830s, Nat Turner gained notoriety as the leader of the
most sensational slave uprising in the early nineteenth century.
The former slave who preached resistance to slavery and planned a major slave uprising in Charleston was
Manufacturing in the antebellum South was
developing on a small scale, but was discouraged by the temper of southern society.
The most obvious change in the North in the decades before the Civil War was the
rapid expansion of industry.
By the 1850s the United States led the world in manufacturing
goods produced with precision instruments.
According to the text, the major paradox of American society before the Civil War was that most Americans continued to
believe in egalitarian democracy, even though society was becoming more stratified and the economic and social distances between the top and bottom of society were growing.
President Lincoln viewed secession as
a rejection of democracy.
In establishing a new government, the South
was handicapped by its states' rights philosophy.
Members of the peace societies in the North were often called
How did Lincoln treat the civil rights of dissenters during the Civil War?
He suspended the writ of habeas corpus in critical areas and applied martial law freely.
The most vexing problem the Confederacy had during the Civil War was
The Emancipation Proclamation directly freed
In summer 1863, Lee launched his last assault into the North and was defeated in the Battle of ________, which probably decided the fate of the Union.
In his second inaugural address, Lincoln
urged tolerance and mercy toward the South.
At war’s end, the human toll of the Civil War was
600,000, nearly as many as in all other U.S. wars combined.
As a result of the Union victory, people tended to view America as