Test 3

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created 6 years ago by erinagray
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1

Presence or absence of a joint space and the type of connective tissue that binds the bones together make what?

Structure of joints

2

What is an immovable joint classified as?

Synarthrois

3

What is a slightly movable joint classified as?

Amphiarthrosis

4

What is a freely movable joint classified as?

Diarthrosis

5

What is an example of synarthrosis?

skull

6

What kind of joint does not have a synovial cavity, the bone is held together very tightly by fibrous connective tissue and has permit little or no movement?

Fibrous joint

7

Once fused by bone tissue is called what?

Synostosis

8

Ligament connecting bone to bone is called?

Syndesmoses

9

Socket for teeth in maxilla and mandible and has the periodontal ligament is called what?

Gomphosis

10

Where are examples of Interosseous membranes?

Radius-ulna
Tibia-fibula

11

Joints held together with very short, interconnecting fibers, and bone edges interlock. Is found only in the skull.

Suture

12

Joint held together by a ligament. Fibrous tissue can vary in length, but is longer than in sutures

Syndesmosis

13

What does not have a synovial cavity, allows little or no movement and the bones are connected by hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage?

Cartilaginous joints

14

Symphysis pubis and intervertebral joints are examples of what kind of joints?

Cartilaginous joints

15

What does contain a joint space called the synovial cavity and the cavity allows the joint to be freely moveable?

Synovial joints

16

What makes up a synovial joint?

Bone
Hyaline cartilage
Synovial fluid
Fibrous joint capsule
Synovial membrane
Tendon
Ligament

17

What is the most common type of joint in the body?

Synovial Joints

18

What is the function of a synovial joint?

To lubricate the surfaces
Provide nutrients and remove wastes from the chondrocytes (Cartilage is avascular)
Contains small amount of phaygocytic cells

19

Thin film that covers the surfaces of the articular capsule and hyaline cartilage. Is secreted by the synovial membrane and has Hyaluronic acid. The interstitial fluid filtered from plasma is called what?

Synovial fluid

20

What kind of ligament lies outside the fibrous capsule?

Extracapsular ligament

21

What is an example of an Extracapsular ligament?

Tibial collateral(medial) and fibular collateral(lateral) ligaments

22

What kind of ligament lies within the fibrous capsule but are excluded from the synovial cavity by folds of the synovial membrane?

Intracapsular ligament

23

What is an example of an intracapsular ligament?

Anterior and posterior ligaments of the knee

24

What is inside some synovial joints, pads of fibrocartilage that lie between the articular surfaces of the bones, are attached to the fibrous capsule and allow two bones of different shapes to fit more tightly?

meniscus

25

What have saclike structures placed so as to reduce friction, are found where skin and muscles rub over bone, knee and shoulder and resembles joint capsules in that their outer surface is fibrous tissue and the inner surface consists of a synovial membrane that secretes synovial fluid?

Bursa and Tendon sheaths

26

What is underneath the deltoid muscle?

Bursa

27

A structure that retains an organ or tissue in place is called what?

Retinaculum

28

Connective tissue sites where muscle attaches to bone is called what?

Tendon

29

The specific site where muscle or ligament attach to bone is called what?

Enthesis

30

What kind of joint is between the navicular and second and third cuneiforms of tarsus in the foot?

Plane joint

31

What kind of joint is between the trochlea of humerus and trochlear notch of the ulna at the elbow?

Hinge joints

32

What kind of joint is between the head of radius and radial notch of ulna?

Pivot joint

33

What kind of joint is between the radius and scaphoid and lunate bones of carpus?

Condyloid joint

34

What kind of joint is between the trapezium of carpus and metacarpal of thumb?

Saddle joint

35

What kind of joint is between head of femur and acetabulum of hip bone?

Ball-and-socket joint

36

What has three joints in one?

Knee joint

37

What is the largest and most complex joint in the body?

Knee joint

38

What is the most commonly injured joint of the body?

Knee joint

39

The femoropatellar, Lateral and medial Tibiofemoral are what kind of joints?

Knee joint

40

In what kind f joint is the stability sacrificed in favor of mobility?

Shoulder joint

41

What articulates between head of femur and acetabulum of pelvis?

Hip joint

42

The humerus and ulna are examples of what kind of joint?

Elbow joint

43

The temporomandibular joint is and example of what kind of joint?

TMJ joint