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Exercise 36: Anatomy of the Respiratory System

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created 3 years ago by jncanf
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Exercise 36 pg. 545 - 596 Im making these notecards to help, so if you use them, please sign up and help add more notecards! And dont forget to rate my helpfulness!!

updated 3 years ago by jncanf

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  • 1
    TWO PAIRS OF VOCAL FOLDS ARE FOUND IN THE LARYNX. WHICH PAIR ARE THE TRUE VOCAL CORDS (SUPERIOR OF INFERIOR)?
    INFERIOR VOCAL FOLDS (TRUE VOCAL FOLDS)
  • 2
    FORMS THE ADAMS APPLE
    THYROID CARTILAGE
  • 3
    A "LID" FOR THE LARYNX
    EPIGLOTTIS
  • 4
    SHAPED LIKE A SIGNET RING
    CRICOID CARTILAGE
  • 5
    VOCAL CORD ATTACHMENT
    ARYTENOID CARTILAGES
  • 6
    WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE FACT THAT THE HUMAN TRACHEA IS REINFORCED WITH CARTILAGINOUS RINGS?
    REINFORCE THE TRACHEA WALLS TO MAINTAIN ITS OPEN PASSAGEWAY REGUARDLESS OF THE PRESSURE CHANGES THAT OCCUR DURING BREATHING
  • 7
    OF THE FACT THAT THE RINGS ARE INCOMPLETE POSTERIORLY?
    ALLOWS ESOPHAGUS TO EXPAND ANTERIORLY WHEN A LARGE FOOD BOLUS IS SWALLOWED
  • 8
    WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE PLEURAL MEMBRANES?
    PRODUCE LUBRICATING SEROUS FLUID THAT CAUSES THEM TO ADHERE CLOSELY TO ONE ANOTHER, HOLDING THE LUNGS TO THE THORACIC WALL AND ALLOWING THEM TO MOVE EASILY AGAINST ONE ANOTHER DURING THE MOVEMENTS OF BREATHING
  • 9
    NAME TWO FUNCTIONS OF THE NASAL CAVITY MUCOSA
    IT WARMS, MOISTENS - AND - FILTERS THE AIR THAT PASSES THROUGH THE NASAL CAVITY
  • 10
    PRIMARY BRONCHI:

    WHICH IS LONGER?
    LEFT MAIN BRONCHUS
  • 11
    PRIMARY BRONCHI:

    LARGER IN DIAMETER?
    RIGHT MAIN BRONCHUS
  • 12
    PRIMARY BRONCHI:

    MORE HORIZONTAL?
    LEFT MAIN BRONCHUS
  • 13
    PRIMARY BRONCHI:

    WHICH MORE COMMONLY TRAPS A FOREIGN OBJECT THAT HAS ENTERED THE RESPIRATORY PASSAGEWAYS?
    RIGHT MAIN BRONCHUS
  • 14
    Ok, so you’re using my notecards which is great. I am glad I could help you out cause I wish I had someone to help me out when I took this course. I know Anatomy is super hard.
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  • 15
    TRACE A MOLECULE OF OXYGEN FROM THE NOSTRILS TO THE PULMONARY CAPILLARIES OF THE LUNGS
    NOSTRILS -> NASAL CAVITY -> PHARYNX -> LARYNX -> TRACHEA -? PRIMARY BRONCHUS -> SECONDARY BRONCHI -> TERTIARY BRONCHI -> BRONCHIOLE -> RESPIRATORY BRONCHIOLE -> ALVEOLAR DUCT ->ALVEOLAR SAC -> ALVEOLAR/CAPILLARY WALLS -> PULMONARY BLOOD
  • 16
    CONNECTS THE LARYNX TO THE PRIMARY BRONCHI
    TRACHEA
  • 17
    SITE OF TONSILS
    PHARYNX
  • 18
    FOOD PASSAGEWAY POSTERIOR TO THE TRACHEA
    ESOPHAGUS
  • 19
    COVERS THE GLOTTIS DURING SWALLOWING OF FOOD
    EPIGLOTTIS
  • 20
    CONTAINS THE VOCAL CORDS
    LARYNX
  • 21
    NERVE THAT ACTIVATES THE DIAPHRAGM DURING INSPIRATION
    PHRENIC NERVE
  • 22
    PLEURAL LAYER LINING THE WALLS OF THE THORAX
    PARIETAL PLEURA
  • 23
    SITE FROM WHICH OXYGEN ENTERS THE PULMONARY BLOOD
    ALVEOLUS
  • 24
    CONNECTS THE MIDDLE EAR TO THE NASOPHARYNX
    PHARYNGOTYMPANIC TUBE
  • 25
    OPENING BETWEEN THE VOCAL FOLDS
    GLOTTIS
  • 26
    INCREASES AIR TURBULENCE IN THE NASAL CAVITY
    CONCHAE
  • 27
    SEPARATES THE ORAL CAVITY FROM THE NASAL CAVITY
    PALATE
  • 28
    WHAT PORTIONS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM ARE REFERRED TO AS ANATOMICAL DEAD SPACE? WHY?
    ALL RESPIRATORY PASSAGEWAYS (CONDUCTING ZONE STRUCTURES), BESIDES RESPIRATORY ZONE STRUCTURES, FROM NASAL CAVITY TO TERMINAL BRONCHIOLES.
    WHY = THEY HAVE NO EXCHANGE FUNCTION
  • 29
    DEFINE EXTERNAL RESPIRATION
    THE GAS EXCHANGE BETWEEN THE BLOOD AND THE AIR-FILLED CHAMBERS OF THE LUNGS (OXYGEN LOADING/CARBON DIOXIDE UNLOADING)
  • 30
    DEFINE INTERNAL RESPIRATION
    EXCHANGE OF GASES BETWEEN SYSTEMIC BLOOD AND TISSUE CELLS (OXYGEN UNLOADING AND CARBON DIOXIDE LOADING)
  • 31
    DEFINE CELLULAR RESPIRATION
    BODY CELLS REQUIRE AN ABUNDANT AND CONTINUOUS SUPPLY OF OXYGEN. AS THE CELLS USE OXYGEN, THEY RELEASE CARBON DIOXIDE, A WASTE PRODUCT THAT THE BODY MUST GET RID OF. THESE OXYGEN USING CELLULAR PROCESSES ARE REFERRED TO CELLULAR RESPIRATION (CELLULAR METABOLISM)
  • 32
    SHEEP PLUCK:

    DOES THE LUNG INFLATE PART BY PART OR AS A WHOLE, LIKE A BALLOON?
    PART BY PART
  • 33
    SHEEP PLUCK:

    WHAT HAPPENED WHEN THE PRESSURE WAS RELEASED
    IT DEFLATES
  • 34
    WHAT TYPE OF TISSUE ENSURES THIS PHENOMENON?
    ELASTIC CONNECTIVE TISSUE
  • 35
    SLIDES OF TRACHEA AND LUNG TISSUE:

    WHAT STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ALVEOLI MAKE THEM AN IDEAL SITE FOR THE DIFFUSION OF GASES?
    VERY THIN WALLS, LARGE SURFACE AREA
  • 36
    WHY DOES OXYGEN MOVE FROM THE ALVEOLI INTO THE PULMONARY CAPILLARY BLOOD?
    OXYGEN DIFFUSES FROM THE ALVEOLI INTO THE BLOOD DUE TO HIGHER PO2 (PARTIAL PRESSURE OF OXYGEN) LEVELS IN THE ALVEOLI THAN IN THE BLOOD.