Ch 9 Attraction

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Social Psychology
Chapter 9
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1

companionate love

feelings of intimacy and affection for those with whom our lives are intertwined

2

passionate love

feelings of intense longing and arousal

3

Evolutionary Explanations of Love

explains in terms of genetic factors that evolved over time according to the principles of natural selection. Men and women are attracted to different characteristics in each other because this maximizes their reproductive success.

4

Fearful/avoidant attachment style

hard to get close to this style b/c the are uncomfortable becoming close to others, found it difficult to trust others, and don’t feel deserving of love

5

anxious/ambivalent attachment style

desperate to be in a relationship, but, at the same time, are terrified of rejection over controlling fear of being left.

6

Secure

no prob trusting others

7

Dismissive attachment style

positive attitude of self (feel deserving of love), but dismiss others as being not good enough

8

Social exchange theory

argues that how satisfied people feel in their relationships depends on their assessment of the reward/cost ratio in their relationship.

9

comparison level

the outcomes they feel they deserve in relationships

10

comparison level for alternatives

their expectations about how happy they would be in other relationships or alone

11

Rusbult investment model of close relationship

to predict whether a relationship will last, we need to know each person’s level of satisfaction (rewards, costs, comparison lvl), comparison level for alternatives, investment in the relationship equals relationship commitment leading to the stability of relationship

12

Equity Theory

states that we are happiest when relationships are fair—when what we contribute is comparable with what our partner contributes.

13

The Role of Positive Illusions

The more we idealize our partner, the greater our satisfaction with a relationship and the more likely that the relationship will endure.

14

fatal attractions

qualities in a person that once were attractive become the very qualities that repel, and sheer boredom.

15

Sternberg Intimacy

refers to feeling close to the other person (emo/physically get us)

16

Sternberg passion

refers to feelings of romantic attraction, physical attraction to the other person, and sexual interest. ( e.g.heart-ponding, want to kiss)

17

Sternberg Commitment

It refers to a decision for the relationship, high commitment means less attracted to alts, more resilient to problems, more forgiving

18

Sternberg Triangle

sides can be different sizes depending on the relationship and people involved

19

Exchange relationship

Relationships governed by the need for equity (i.e., for a comparable ratio of rewards and costs)

20

Communal relationship

Relationships in which people’s primary concern is being responsive to the other person’s needs

21

positive illusions

Idealizes relationship to fantasies in which we convince ourselves that we have the most wonderful partner and the most wonderful relationship in the world

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STUDY Murray and Holmes (1999) Positive illusion

over time people began to live up to the idealized image their partner had of them. Stated differently, individuals who idealized their partners ultimately created the partners they wished for.