C. Wright Mills once said that sociologists need to develop a sociological __________ to study how society affects individuals.
Seeing patterns means that a sociologist needs to be able to:
identify similarities in how social groups respond to social pressure
Which founder of sociology believed societies changed due to class struggle?
The difference between positivism and antipositivism relates to:
whether sociological studies can predict or improve society
Which of these theories is most likely to look at the social world on a micro level?
Kenneth and Mamie Clark used sociological research to show that segregation was:
In a study, a group of 10-year-old boys are fed doughnuts every
morning for a week and then
weighed to see how much weight they gained. Which factor is the dependent variable?
a. The doughnuts
b. The boys
c. The duration of a week
d. The weight gained
d. The weight gained
What method did researchers John Mihelich and John Papineau use to study Parrotheads?
What research method did John S. Lynd and Helen Merrell Lynd mainly
use in their Middletown
Why is choosing a random sample an effective way to select participants?
Everyone has the same chance of being part of the study
Using secondary data is considered an unobtrusive or ________ research method.
Which person or organization defined the concept of value neutrality?
Most cultures have been found to identify laughter as a sign of
humor, joy, or pleasure. Likewise,
most cultures recognize music in some form. Music and laughter are examples of:
The existence of social norms, both formal and informal, is one of
the main things that inform
___________, otherwise known as a way to encourage social conformity.
Cultural sanctions can also be viewed as ways that society:
The major difference between invention and discovery is:
Discovery involves finding something that already exists, but invention puts things together in a new way
That McDonald's is found in almost every country around the world is an example of:
What theoretical perspective views society as having a system of interdependent inherently connected parts?
The "American Dream"—the notion that anybody can be successful and rich if they work hard enough—is most commonly associated with which sociological theory?
which of the following occupations is a person of power most likely to have in an information society?
Which of the following societies were the first to have permanent residents?
According to Marx, the ____ own the means of production in a society.
The concept of the iron cage was popularized by which of the following sociological thinkers?
According to Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann, society is based on _______.
The Harlows' study on rhesus monkeys showed that:
social comfort is more important than food
What did Carol Gilligan believe earlier researchers into morality had overlooked?
The perspective of females
Why do sociologists need to be careful when drawing conclusions from twin studies?
The sample sizes are often small.
From a sociological perspective, which factor does not greatly influence a person's socialization?
How do schools prepare children to one day enter the workforce?
-With a standardized curriculum
-Through the hidden curriculum
-By socializing them in teamwork
Which of the following is a manifest function of schools?
Learning to read and write
Which of the following is not an age-related transition point when Americans must be socialized to new roles?
What role do secondary groups play in society?
They are transactional, task-based, and short-term, filling practical needs.
A parent who is worrying over her teenager's dangerous and self-destructive behavior and low self- esteem may wish to look at her child's:
in-group refers to a group a person belongs to and feels is an integral part of their identity
Two people who have just had a baby have turned from a _______ to a ________.
dyad ; triad
In Asch's study on conformity, what contributed to the ability of subjects to resist conforming?
-A very small group of witnesses
-The presence of an ally
-The ability to keep one's answer private
Which type of group leadership has a communication pattern that flows from the top down?
Which of these is an example of a total institution?
Why do people join utilitarian organizations?
Because they receive a tangible benefit from joining
Which of the following is not an example of bureaucracies?
a. coercion to join
b. hierarchy of authority
c. explicit rules
d. division of labor
coercion to join
What are some of the intended positive aspects of bureaucracies?
-Equal treatment for all
What is an advantage of the McDonaldization of society?
a. there is more variety of goods
b. there is less theft
c. there is more worldwide availability of goods
d. there is more opportunity for business
there is more worldwide availability of goods
What is a disadvantage of the McDonaldization of society?
a. there is less variety of goods
b. there is an increased need for employees with postgraduate degrees
c. there is less competition so prices are higher
d. there are fewer jobs to unemployment increases
there is less variety of goods