Medical Terminology (Exam 2)

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1

the medical term for an abnormally red color of the skin is:

erythema

2

The medical term for a scraping injury of the skin is termed as an:

abrasion

3

The medical term for the swelling in the tissue from the fluid accumulation is called:

edema

4

What is the medical term for the superficial fungal infection of the skin?

tinea

5

The medical term for skin and mucus membranes becoming yellow, in a liver or gall bladder or a blood disease

jaundice

6

A chronic FAMILIAL skin condition characterized by itchy red lesions with the SILVERY SCALES is known as:

psoriasis

7

A physician documented that a patient in ER has a LACERATION, which means that the patient has:

a tear or cut with irregular edges

8

The medical term for condition in which the skin, mucus membranes and the nails turn blue in a patient with a lung or heart disease?

cyanosis

9

The patient in the nursing home has deep open ulcers over the bony prominence of the hips and sacrum. The doctor would chart that the patient has:

decubitus ulcers

10

The medical term for the severely itching skin is:

pruritus

11

Inflammation of the CONNECTIVE TISSUE DEEP in the dermis due to a BACTERIAL INFECTION is termed as"

cellulitis

12

When the skin becomes inflamed due to being in contact with a chemical substance or a plant sap such as the poison ivy, the condition is called:

contact dermatitis

13

What is the meaning of medical term biopsy?

surgical procedure removing a small piece of living tissue for evaluation

14

What is the definition of diaphoresis?

excessive or profuse sweating

15

What is the meaning of medical term urticaria?

hive, wheats, skin eruption, caused by allergic reaction

16

What are the 2 combing forms which mean skin?

derm/o and cutane/o

17

What does the term xerosis mean?

abnormally dry skin

18

Suffix that means a flow or discharge is?

-rrhea

19

The meaning of the suffix -malacia is?

softening

20

Which of the following is a sign of abnormally large muscle growth?

hypertrophy

21

Select the combining form that means "bone marrow."

myel/o

22

The medical term bradykinesia

abnormally slow movement

23

A surgical puncture of a joint to withdraw or aspirate fluids from the synovial cavity is known as:

athrotomy

24

What is the cause for rheumatoid arthritis?

This type of progressive arthritis is caused by an autoimmune disorder.

25

An abnormal loss in size of a specific muscle is called?

Duchenne's muscular dystrophy

26

The hip replacement procedure is termed as the hip...

arthroplasty

27

Excessive posterior curve of the thoracic spine forming a hump, is termed

kyphosis

28

The medical term for aligning broken bones to their normal position is

reduction

29

The medical term for excessive lateral curvature of the spinal column is

scoliosis

30

The type of bone fracture which causes multiple fragments of the bone is called

comminuted

31

The bone disease is characterized by an abnormal loss of bone density in menopausal women termed as

osteoporosis

32

What is the meaning of the term carpoptosis?

dropped wrist

33

Tear of the fibers in the ligament is termed as

sprain

34

Tear of the fibers in a muscle is termed as

strain

35

What do the ligaments do for the joints?

connect bones to bones

36

What is an epiphyseal fracture?

a fracture at one of the ends of a long bone

37

What is the meaning of a suffix -tomy

cutting

38

Malignant tumor that arises from the bone marrow is known as

myeloma

39

Which type of arthritis is caused by a wear and tear of joints which occurs in the old age?

osteoarthritis

40

What does the suffix -emia mean?

condition of the blood

41

What are the signs of the medical term anaphylaxis?

A severe and sometimes life-threatening hypersensitivity reaction to an antigen, which causes rapid drop in the blood pressure and difficulty breathing due to the laryngeal edema and bronchospasm.:

42

A disease that develops without a known or apparent cause, is called

idiopathic

43

An abnormal loss of blood from the circulation is called

hemorrhage

44

Diseases that are caused by a person's own immune response attacking otherwise completely healthy tissues are termed

autoimmune disorders

45

The medical term for the stopping the bleeding

hemostasis

46

The combining form for the blood

hemat/o

47

An infection that is contracted during a stay or a visit to the hospital is called

nosocomial

48

The medical term for the death of the tissue or organ

necrosis

49

A disease that can be spread from person to person is called

communicable

50

What are the signs of the inflammation

swollen, red, painful, and warm to the touch

51

Which disease is characterized by either reduced numbers of red blood cells or reduced amount of hemoglobin

anemia

52

What suffix means an abnormal reduction in number

-penia

53

What does the word dyscrasia mean

abnormal condition of the blood

54

The medical term for the rupture of red blood cells

hemolysis

55

What is the cause for the aplastic anemia

red blood marrow's failure to produce the blood cells

56

What does the blood test differential count measure

white blood cells

57

The medical term for the abnormally large red blood cells

macrocytosis

58

What does anisocytosis mean

blood smear showing the red blood cells of unequal sizes

59

The surgical removal of the spleen is called

splenectomy