Chapter 9 CANVAS quiz: Language I-Comprehension

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1

In contrast to written language, spoken language :

uses working memory

2

You have learned that if you want to combine a noun such as girl with a verb such as run, the noun precedes the verb, and you must add an s to form girl runs. The rules that govern this kind of procedure:

Syntax

3

the right hemisphere of the brain is more likely than the left hemisphere to :

interpret the use of the emotional tone of a message.

4

Chapter 9 discussed Noam Chomsky’s theories about language. According to this discussion:

Chomsky’s theories emphasize that humans have inborn skills in language

5

The whole-word approach to teaching reading emphasizes that:

readers directly connect a written word with the word’s meaning.

6

According to the research on understanding sentences:

when a sentence has several negative terms, people’s understanding of the sentence is only slightly better than guessing or chance level.

7

When you read a section of your cognitive psychology textbook, you read language units that are longer than an isolated paragraph. This kind of language is called:

Discourse

8

According to the cognitive-functional approach to language:

the purpose of language is to convey meaning to other people

9

When processing language, we begin making judgments about what the sentence means before we have heard (or read) the entire sentence. This is referred to as:

incremental interpretation.

10

What general conclusion can we reach about making inferences during reading?

People often make inferences, especially if they have expertise in the topic.

11

Research on word recognition suggests that

word recognition can use either a direct or an indirect route, depending upon factors such as the skill level of the reader.

12

Which of the following students provides the most accurate statement about neurolinguistics research?

“The left hemisphere handles most language tasks, but the right hemisphere processes some abstract components.”

13

According to the research on test anxiety and reading comprehension, students who are high in test anxiety tend to

self-paced reading tasks

14

Suppose that you ask a stranger what time it is, and he produces several wordy sentences that don’t seem to make sense. Without knowing additional information, you would suspect that he has:

Wernicke’s aphasia.

15

Suppose that you are walking on your college campus, and a stranger asks you how to get to the library. Before answering, you need to figure out whether this person is familiar with any of the landmarks on the campus. Your concern about background information is most relevant for the aspect of language known as :

pragmatics

16

Which of the following topics would be most relevant for a psychologist who favors the cognitive-functional approach to language?

What kind of cues do listeners pick up on when determining whether a speaker is very enthusiastic about an idea, rather than just mildly enthusiastic?