An individuals characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting.
Sigmund Freud theory
See personality as a result of unconscious, often sexual, motivations and conflicts
What is personality determined by?
Ideas, thoughts and feelings of which we are not and cannot normally become aware of.
Freud’s structure of personality
What did sigmund Freud say personality consist of?
I’d, ego, superego
The I’d operates according to ?
Pleasure principals (baby)
What is the I’d link to reality
How the principals work
The ego operates according to?
Reality principals (me)
What is controllled by the ego ?
Thinking and reasoning
What would a selfish person consist of?
I’d and ego
The superego operates according to?
Moral principals (adults )
What does superego represent?
Freuds psychosexual stages
Freud’s Six defense mechanism
Adler, horney, jung
- Childhood and defense mechanisms important, unconscious interact with conscious mind
Two levels of unconsciousness
What are the two levels of unconsciousness
Individuals repressed thoughts, forgotten experience and undeveloped ideas
- The part of the unconscious that is iterated and common to all members of a species
Use of ambiguous
Thematic apperception test
Humanist personality theories
- See human beings as positive creatures who have to fulfill their positive potentials.
- emphasize people potential for growth and change.
- each individual is responsible for his own behavior
Hierarchy of needs
- Studied healthy, creative people
- self actualization
- self transcendence
- Be genuine, accepting, empathetic unconditional positive regard
- to fulfill ones inborn capacities and potentials
- Real self versus ideal self
- the closer the happier
A characteristic pattern of behavior as assessed by self reports on a personality test
A cluster of behavior tendencies that occur together
Common in trait research
The big five dimensions