Ch 9: Joints

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1

Synarthrosis is a _________________ joint.

immovable

2

Amphiarthrosis is a _______________ joint.

slightly movable

3

Diarthrosis is a _______________ joint.

freely movable

4

Suture, Gomphosis, Synchondrosis, and Synostosis are four types of ________________ joints.

synarthrotic

5

A ___________ is found only between bones of skull. The edges of bones interlock and are bound by dense fibrous connective tissue.

Suture

6

________________ is a fibrous connection (periodontal ligament) that binds teeth to bony sockets.

Gomphosis

7

____________ is a rigid cartilaginous bridge between two bones
found between vertebrosternal ribs and sternum.
Also, epiphyseal cartilage of growing long bones

Synchondrosis

8

______________ is created when two bones fuse.
Example: metopic suture of frontal bone and epiphyseal lines of mature long bones

Synostosis

9

What is a type of amphiarthroses joint that is bones connected by a ligament?

Syndesmosis

10

What is a type of amphiarthroses joint that is bones connected by fibrocartilage?

Symphysis

11

Which type of joint is freely movable?

synovial joint

12

___________________ has the consistency of egg yolk, contains proteoglycans and the primary functions include:
Lubrication
Nutrient distribution
Shock absorption

Synovial fluid

13

___________ is the fibrocartilage pad between opposing bones the medial is most damaged.

Meniscus

14

Which joint results from the fusion of two bones?

synostoses

15

The annulus fibrosus and nucleus pulposus are structures that are associated with __________.

intervertebral discs

16

The metacarpal and metatarsal bones articulate with the fingers and the toes, respectively. This creates what type of synovial joint?

ellipsoid

17

Hinge is a _______________.

monoaxial joint

18

Ball-and-socket is a _____________.

triaxial joint

19

ellipsoidal is a __________________.

Ex: wirst

biaxial joint

20

Gliding is a _____________________.

nonaxial joint

21

_______________ is pad of fibrocartilage that may channel the flow of synovial fluid

Meniscus

22

_______________ protects articular cartilage and acts as packing material for the joint

Fat pad

23

_________________ interconnects articulating bones and passes outside capsule

Extracapsular ligaments

24

_____________________ support the wall of the joint from inside the capsule

Intracapsular ligaments

25

_________________ although not part of the articulation, pass around the capsule and limit the range of motion

Tendons

26

____________ reduce friction and act as shock absorbers

Bursae

27

____________ is when bones are separated by a pad of fibrocartilage

Symphysis

28

_______________ forms when a joint becomes completely converted to bone

Synostosis

29

____________ is when bones are joined by a rigid bridge of cartilage

Synchondrosis

30

_____________ joins humerus to scapula

Glenohumeral

31

________________ joins clavicle to scapula

Acromioclavicular

32

_____________ joins radius to carpal to radius and ulna

Radiocarpal

33

Intervertebral articulations are __________.

gliding joints that permit small movements

34

____________________ joints are found only between thoracic vertebrae and ribs and allow slight elevation and depression of the ribs.

Costovertebral

35

The ___________________ between the sacrum and coxae are gliding diarthroses that permit only slight movement.

sacroiliac joints

36

The _________________ joint is an ellipsoidal diarthrosis that allows flexion and extension.

atlanto-occipital