Cell Cycle and Mitosis Vocab CP

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 6 days ago by staceysavage
6 views
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Interphase

card image

includes G1, S and G2 phases. It is the stage a cell spends most of its time. It is carrying out its role, taking in energy, making proteins, getting rid of waste, etc.

2

G1 Phase

first stage of Interphase

When most cell work is done

3

S-phase

Time during interphase when DNA replication takes place

4

G2 phase

second growth phase during interphase when organelles are copied and any other materials for cell division are prepared

5

Mitosis

the division of the nucleus

includes: Prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase

6

Prophase

card image

The nucleus begins to break down

Chromatin condenses to form chromosomes which pair with their identical copies.

Centrioles begin to move to opposite ends of cell

7

Metaphase

card image

Sister chromatids move towards the equator of the cell. Spindle fibers attach to the centromeres.

8

Anaphase

card image

Spindle fibers pull sister chromatids apart and then individual chromosomes begin to move to opposite ends of cell

9

Telophase

card image

Chromosomes have reached the poles, a new nucleus begins to reform around them and then the chromosomes begin to uncoil and form chromatin. Spindle fibers break down.

10

Cytokinesis

card image

Cleavage furrow forms and separates animal cells into two identical daughter cells.

In plants a cell plate forms that divides the cell into two and then and new wall forms around it.

11

chromosome

card image

chromatin that has condensed into short thick rods

12

sister chromatids

card image

a chromosome attached to its identical copy

13

chromatin

card image

DNA wrapped around histone proteins, appears as threads inside the nucleus

14

centromere

card image

the protein that holds two sister chromatids together

15

spindle fibers

the protein chains that attach to the centromeres and move the chromosomes to opposite ends of the cel

16

centrioles

organelles in animal cells that make the spindle fibers

17

cancer

abnormal cell growth

18

binary fission

card image

process of cell reproduction in prokaryotes creates two identical cells