Chapter 13 - Practice HW

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Microbiology
Chapter 13
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1

A complete, assembled virus

Virion

2

The subunits making up the protein outer coating of most viruses.

Capsomere

3

The protein outer coating of most viruses.

Capsid

4

A term derived from the word for poison.

Virus

5

A combination of lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates covering the protein coating of a virus.

Envelope

6

Infectious prion.

PrPs

7

Describes the morphology of the capsid of many viruses.

Icosahedral

8

A method by which a virus enters an animal host cell.

Endocytosis

9

A cell line derived from tissue that normally reproduces for relatively few generations.

Primary cell line

10

The HeLa cell line would be placed in this group.

Continuous cell line

11

A clearing in a "lawn" of susceptible bacterial cells.

Plaque

12

The number of bacteriophages produced by one bacterial host cell.

Burst size

13

Presumed agent causing diseases such as sheep scrapie.

Prion

14

A bacterial virus.

Phage

15

A short strand of RNA virus without a capsid.

Viroid

16

PrP

Prion

17

describes a method by which an enveloped virus leaves the host cell while acquiring the envelope.

Budding

18

Describes growth characteristics of normal cell cultures in glass or plastic containers.

Monolayer

19

A term meaning cancer causing.

Oncogenic

20

Observable changes in a virus-infected cell.

Cytopathic effect

21

The time during which the capsids and DNA of a phage, already formed, are now assembled into complete viruses.

Maturation peiod

22

Cancer of connective tissue.

Sarcoma

23

The clumping of red blood cells to adherence to spikes on viruses.

Hemagglutination

24

Equivalent to mRNA in a single-stranded RNA viruse.

+ or sense strand

25

RNA to DNA

Reverse transcription

26

Varicella virus

Human herpesvirus 3

27

Herpes simplex 2

Human herpesvirus 2

28

Epstein-Barr virus

Human herpesvirus 4

29

Cytomegalovirus

Human herpesvirus 5

30

Cause of Kaposi's sarcoma

Human herpesvirus 8