speech class exam 1

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1

polar words aka

dichtomies

2

jargon vs slang

slang is jargon of the day

jargon: only certain ppl understand

3

bromides and clich├ęs: why not to use

bc overused

4

example of bromide

"it is better to have loved and lost than to have never loved at all"

5

hedges

indicate uncertainty and doubt

6

disqualifiers and disclaimers

indicate lack of knowledge

7

always and never or most and typically?

most and typically. avoid extremes

8

syntax

word order

9

semantics

word meaning

10

morphology

smallest unit of sounds

11

active voice

bob kicked the ball

instead of

the ball was kicked by bob

12

people-first

emphasize the individual, not the disability

13

immediate language example

"you and I need to feel loved"

vs.

"humans need to feel love"

14

anaphora

creates theme... repeat word or phrase at beginning of successive phrase

15

analogy

extended metaphore

16

irony

implies opposite of what is said. mockery or sarcasm

17

metonymy

substitute a name for a title for which it is closely associated

18

euphemism

sub a non offensive for offensive

19

CTRL-C

contains significant portions of a text from a single source without alteration

20

recycle

borrow generously w/ no citation

21

mashup

mixes COPIED material from multiple sources

22

remix

PARAPHRASES from multiple sources and fits together...

23

404 error

fake or inaccurate citations

24

hybrid

some perfectly cited, some not at all

25

aggregator

proper citations but almost no original work

26

intro

body

conclusion

10-15%

80

5-10%

27

3 nasal sounds

m, n, ng

28

articulation

forming/sharpening of speech sounds

29

5 articulators

tongue, teeth, lips, lower jaw, palate

30

SODA

substitution, omission, distortion, addition (kids do this. most common in order)

31

avg and best wpm

125-150