speech class exam 1
polar words aka
jargon vs slang
slang is jargon of the day
jargon: only certain ppl understand
bromides and clichés: why not to use
example of bromide
"it is better to have loved and lost than to have never loved at all"
indicate uncertainty and doubt
disqualifiers and disclaimers
indicate lack of knowledge
always and never or most and typically?
most and typically. avoid extremes
smallest unit of sounds
bob kicked the ball
the ball was kicked by bob
emphasize the individual, not the disability
immediate language example
"you and I need to feel loved"
"humans need to feel love"
creates theme... repeat word or phrase at beginning of successive phrase
implies opposite of what is said. mockery or sarcasm
substitute a name for a title for which it is closely associated
sub a non offensive for offensive
contains significant portions of a text from a single source without alteration
borrow generously w/ no citation
mixes COPIED material from multiple sources
PARAPHRASES from multiple sources and fits together...
fake or inaccurate citations
some perfectly cited, some not at all
proper citations but almost no original work
3 nasal sounds
m, n, ng
forming/sharpening of speech sounds
tongue, teeth, lips, lower jaw, palate
substitution, omission, distortion, addition (kids do this. most common in order)
avg and best wpm