Ch 4. Political Parties
A political party is
An organization that consists of individuals interested in controlling government by winning elections.
In Texas, the two leading political parties are the
Democratic and Republic
general election is held in
November of even- numbered years.
In TX, a candidate may only win an office in a general election if he/she receives
a plurality of the vote
a stratarchy is
a political system wherein power is diffused among and within levels of party organization
The American Political Party system consists of
National, State, County, and Precinct levels
In March 2012, a three judge federal panel ordered a _______________ primary election date for Texas.
Primaries and conventions that nominate candidates, adopr platforms and select delegates to higher level conventions are know as
Temporary Party organizations
Which of the following would be performed at a party's precinct convention?
Nomination of delegates to the county convention
Precinct conventions in Texas are usually
lightly or sparsely attended
Resolutions adopted at the precinct convention will be submitted first to the
County or district convention.
District conventions are held in
highly populated areas of the state like Bexar, Harris , and Dallas counties.
The main business of county and district conventions is to
Select delegates to the state convention.
According to the TX Election Code, eah political party in TX must hold a ______________ in June of even numbered years
Which of the following tasks is not performed every two years at the state party convention?
Election of the state legislators
Which of the following happens at the party state convention during presidential election years only?
Selection of potential presidential electors
Each state receives a number of electoral votes equal to the
number of seats each state has in Congress.
How many electoral votes will TX have in the presidential election of 2016 ?
In 2014, how did delegates to the state party conventions communicate their experiences and describe the proceedings to those outside the conventions?
Via social media such as FB and Twitter
Which of the following is not oned of a party precinct chair's duties?
Representing the party in lawsuits
The party's county executive committee is
comprised of all of the precinct chairs
As mandated by TX state law, each party's state executive committee must
Be comprised equally of men and women
The main role of a state party's chair is to be the party's
key strategist and key spokesperson
Returns from the party primaries for statewide office are counted (or canvassed) by the
state party executive committee
Which term would best describe a politician that is generally opposed to government -managed or government -subsidized programs?
A conservative would most likely support which of the following policies?
A ban on same sex marriages
Which political label would best describe a politician that is in favor of government regulation of the economy, but limited government involvement on social issues?
Liberals would most likely support which of the following policies?
laws protecting a woman's right to equal pay for equal work
When Congress passed the Reconstruction Acts, former slave owners and supporters of the Confederacy were
purged as officeholders and denied the vote
Political alliances during the Republic of TX were based on
The history of the TX political party system has tended toward
TX being a one party state
One of the reasons why Anglo voters opposed Governor E.J. Davis was that he
Appointed African Americans to office throughout the State
During the period of Reconstruction that followed the Civil War (1865-1873) , the ______________ Party controlled TX politics
After Reconstruction which political party dominated in TX for more than 100 years?
Which political party during the latter part of ht 19th century focused on agrarian issues and posed a challenge to the Democratic party of TX?
At the turn of the 20th Century, The Populist Party in TX declined, largely due to
the Democratic Party adoting its issues.
Beginning in the late 1940s a majority of conservative Democrats in TX began to support the
National Republican candidates
The fiercest political fighting in TX between 1900 and 1950 was between
liberal and conservative Democrats
Who was the first TX Republican elected in a statewide vote in the last half of the 20th century?
What year did Texans elect their first Republican governor since Reconstruction?
What year did Texans elect the first woman ever to represent the state in the U.S. Senate?
Which TX governor, elected in 1994 , was successful as the Republican Party's candidate for President in 2000?
George W. Bush
In _______, for the first time since the primary system was established in TX, Republican primaries were conducted in all 254 counties.
In which of the following decades did the Republican Party in TX begin to win almost all of the statewide offices it challenged?
The closest presidential election of modern times was in
2000, when Republican George W. Bush defeated Democrat Al Gore by four electoral votes.
In the TX general election of 2000 which two parties had more candidates for statewide office than did the Democratic Party?
Green, and Libertarian
Republicans won all statewide races in the ________ general election
In the TX general election of 2002, which trio was dubbed " The Dream Team" because of their expected appeal to Latino, African American and Anglo voters?
Sanchez, Kirk ,and Sharp
Changing demographic patterns in Harris and Dallas counties have
shown an increase in Democrats due to increases in minority populations.
Which of the following is not true of the 2008 election?
Democrats gained a majority in the TX Senate for the 2nd straight election.
In 2008, one reason why Obama won in Harris, Travis, Bexar, and Dallas counties was because of
Solid support from Latino and African American voters.
In 2010 , Republicans in the TX House of Representatives
gained a supermajority for the first time since Reconstruction
Which is true of the past three primary election in TX?
More Republicans than Democrats turned out to vote.
The trend of voters abandoning their traditional political party allegiance is referred to as
Which of the following geographic areas is not a Democratic stronghold in TX?
German Hill Country
Which geographic are f TX is not a Republican stronghold?
Hispanic counties of South TX
A political party that is not one of the two major parties is referred to as a
When a person votes for only candidates from one party, they are engaging in
Straight ticket voting
Which statement best describes the Libertarian Party?
It supports limited government and maximum individual liberties.
In which of the following ways have third parties been least successful?
Winning elections to national offices
Of the third parties listed below, which probably has had the least influence on TX politics?
Which statement best describes the Green Party?
It advocates environmental protection and government reform policies.
Candidates who run for office with no party affiliation are referred to as
Which of the following were independent candidates who had a significant impact on a TX election?
Richard S.( Kinky) Friedman and Carol Keeton Strayhorn
Explain the difference between temporary and permanent party organizations.
Pg 123-131 PTXP. BROW. 16.4.1 -LO4.1
Briefly explain why conservatives tend to support the Republican Party and liberals tend to support the Democratic party.
Pg 132-133 PTXP. Brow. 164.4.2.- LO4.2
How did the Republican party gain control of TX GOVT during Reconstruction? How did they lose control of TX government when Reconstruction ended?
Pg 134 PTXP , Brow. 16.4.3-LO4.3
Describe the differences between the Libertarian Party and the Republican Party . Describe also the differences between the Green Party and the Democratic Party.
PTXP. BROW. 16.4.- LO 4.4
Explain why is it difficult for an independent candidate to win elections in TX. Why do you think independent candidates choose to run without a party label when it is so difficult to win?
Define the concept of a political party , and explain the basic functions performed buy political parties. Explain what you see as the benefits and drawbacks of political parties.
PTXP. BROW 16.4.1 -LO4.1
Trace the operation of temporary party organizations in TX. How do parties develop their platforms and choose their candidates for office? Explain why you think the system either does a dood or bad job of making sure that the parties truly represent the interest and /or preferences of the voters who support them.
PTXP. BROW. 16.4.1-LO4.1
Describe the additional functions and events that must occur within political party organizations during presidential election years. Be sure to include both state and national party organizational operations. Understand the role state parties perform in selection of a presidential nominee, and the role parties play in selection of delegates to the Electoral College.
What do the terms conservative and liberal mean? Explain the links between these terms and political parties in TX. Which best describes your political beliefs? Explain what you perceive to be at least one weakness in the particular political philosophy tha you embrace.
PTXP. BROW 16.4.2-LO4.2
Trace the Evolution of the two major parties within the state, including their history of involvement in TX politics, their issues, and their relative political strength and successes. Explain what you see as the benefits and drawbacks of having a 2 party system rather than multi party system.
Describe the political party climate in TX between the end of the CIvil War and the 1940s. HOw and why did party domination change? What were the third-party challenges to the dominant party, and how were these challenges dealt with by the major parties?
Pg 134, 138
Explain 3 major difference sbetween the TX Republican and TX Democratic Party Platforms. Based on their platforms, explain which party best represents your view on the issues you find most important.
Describe the political party climate in TX since the 1940s. Describe the process by which the Republican Party has replace the Democratic Party as the more influential and powerful party within the state. Identify 3rd party and replaced the Democratic Party as the more influential and powerful party within the stare. Identify 3rd party and independent challenges to the dominant party during this time.
Describe the strengths of the Democratic and Republic parties by region in TX. Provide an understanding of why each party has certain strengths in particular regions within the state, speculate as to the future potential of each party within the state of TX.
Discuss the impact of independent and 3rd party candidates upon TX politics .
Why do they keep recurring even though it seems like they are never successful? What are the most prominent third parties today?