Chapter 15

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1

According to psychoanalytic therapy, human beings are:

Determined by psychic energy and early experiences.

2

Which of the following approaches contends that the nature of the human condition includes self-awareness, freedom of choice, responsibility, and anxiety as basic elements?
A. Gestalt therapy
B. Person-centered therapy
C. Existential therapy
D. Adlerian therapy

C

3

Which of the following approaches to therapy focuses on the unique style of life we create at an early age?
A. Family systems therapy
B. Reality therapy
C. Rational emotive behavior therapy
D. Adlerian therapy

D

4

Which of the following approaches is based on the premise that there are multiple realities and multiple truths?
A. Behavior therapy
B. Postmodern approaches
C. Rational emotive behavior therapy
D. Gestalt therapy

B

5

Which of the following orientations avoids exploring problems, and instead, focuses on creating solutions in the present and the future?
A. Freud's psychoanalytic approach
B. Family therapy
C. Person-centered therapy
D. Postmodern approaches

D

6

Which statement most closely reflects the philosophy of feminist therapy?
A. Feminist therapy depicts an accurate assessment of the psychosexual stages of development.
B. Androcentricism, gendercentricism, and ethnocentricism are important bias-free concepts of feminist therapy.
C. Constructs of feminist therapy include being gender-fair, flexible, interactionist, and life-span oriented.
D. Feminist therapy encourages the use of the DSM to assess psychopathology.

C

7

Adlerian therapy emphasizes the individual's:

Development of a unique lifestyle

8

Which of the following approaches would contend that normal personality development depends on the successful resolution of specific stages of development?
A. Narrative therapy
B. Family systems therapy
C. Psychoanalytic therapy
D. Solution-focused therapy

C

9

A key concept of Gestalt therapy is:

Unfinished business

10

Which of the following therapies emphasizes that a person's belief system is the cause of emotional problems?
A. Solution-focused brief therapy
B. Existential therapy
C. Gestalt therapy
D. Cognitive behavior therapy

D

11

Personcentered therapy puts faith in the client's:

Capacity for self-direction

12

Which of the following approaches most emphasizes principles of learning?
A. Gestalt therapy
B. Behavior therapy
C. Narrative therapy
D. Family systems therapy

B

13

Which is not a key concept of feminist therapy?
A. The personal is political.
B. The counseling relationship is egalitarian.
C. Commitment to confronting oppression.
D. Women's problems are viewed from an intrapsychic perspective

D

14

Which approach offers encouragement so individuals can develop socially useful goals and increase social interest?

Adlerian therapy

15

Which of the following approaches to therapy most attempts to provide a growth-promoting climate that is conducive to a client's selfexploration?
A. Psychoanalytic therapy
B. Gestalt therapy
C. Reality therapy
D. Person-centered therapy

D

16

One of the goals of feminist therapy is to:

Bring about transformation both in the individual client and society.

17

Which of the following approaches places emphasis on challenging clients to recognize that they are responsible for events that they formerly thought were happening to them?
A. Psychoanalytic therapy
B. Existential therapy
C. Behavior therapy
D. Adlerian therapy

B

18

One of the major goals of reality therapy involves:

Helping people become more effective in meeting all of their psychological needs.

19

Which of the following approaches to therapy focuses on eliminating maladaptive behaviors?
A. Person-centered therapy
B. Gestalt therapy
C. Behavior therapy
D. Reality therapy

C

20

Empowerment and egalitarianism are the basis of the _______ therapeutic relationship.

Feminist

21

According to traditional psychoanalytic therapy, the therapist:

Remains anonymous

22

In which of the following approaches does the therapist ask the client what they are choosing to do?
A. Choice theory/reality therapy
B. Gestalt therapy
C. Family systems therapy
D. Psychoanalytic therapy

A

23

In which therapy approach is the client viewed as the expert on his or her own life, while the therapist is seen as an expert questioner who assists clients in freeing themselves of their problem-saturated stories and create new life- affirming stories?

Narrative therapy

24

Which of the following approaches encourages therapists to accurately grasp the client's "being in the world"?
A. Psychoanalytic therapy
B. Adlerian therapy
C. Behavior therapy
D. Existential therapy

D

25

An Adlerian therapist would:

Establish a cooperative relationship based on equality.

26

In which of the following approaches to therapy does the therapist become active and directive, functioning as a teacher or mentor for the client?
A. Existential therapy
B. Person-centered therapy
C. Behavior therapy
D. Gestalt therapy

C

27

A key technique of Adlerian therapy is:

The assessment of one's family constellation.

28

Which of the following approaches to therapy stresses understanding first and technique second?
A. Gestalt therapy
B. Existential therapy
C. Rational emotive behavior therapy
D. Family systems therapy

B

29

One of the techniques used by behavior therapists in dealing with a client's anxiety is:

Systematic Desensitization

30

Which of the following approaches to therapy stresses the attitude of the therapist over the use of techniques?
A. Person-centered therapy
B. Psychoanalytic therapy
C. Cognitive-behavior therapy
D. Behavior therapy

A

31

The technique of intensifying experiences and integrating conflicting feelings is associated with:

Gestalt therapy

32

In feminist therapy, the following technique(s) is/are used to help clients recognize the impact of gender-role socialization:

Consciousness-raising

33

In psychoanalytic therapy, a technique of great importance is:

Interpretation

34

Which of the following therapies is based on a growth model and is applicable to such varied spheres of life as child guidance, parent-child counseling, and marital and family therapy?
A. Psychoanalytic therapy
B. Behavioral therapy
C. Cognitive behavior therapy
D. Adlerian therapy

D

35

Which of the following therapies is a pragmatic approach based on empirical validation of results?
A. Behavior therapy
B. Narrative therapy
C. Existential therapy
D. Rational emotive behavior therapy

A

36

Which of the following approaches to therapy is especially well suited for the initial phases of crisis intervention work?
A. Reality therapy
B. Person-centered therapy
C. Psychoanalytic therapy
D. Solution-focused brief therapy

B

37

Which of the following approaches is least likely to be applied to short-term crisis intervention?
A. Existential therapy
B. Person-centered therapy
C. Reality therapy
D. Psychoanalytic therapy

D

38

Existential therapy can be especially helpful for:

individuals facing a transition in life.

39

Which of the following approaches to therapy is applied to both women and men with the goal of bringing about empowerment?
A. Feminist therapy
B. Psychoanalytic therapy
C. Person-centered therapy
D. Adlerian therapy

A

40

One contribution of psychoanalytic therapy has been its:

detailed and comprehensive description of personality structure and functioning.

41

Which of the following approaches is credited with an emphasis on assessment and evaluation?
A. Behavior therapy
B. Existential therapy
C. Psychoanalytic therapy
D. Reality therapy

A

42

Which of the following approaches recognized the need for a subjective approach based on a complete view of the human condition?
A. Family systems therapy
B. Psychoanalytic therapy
C. Person-centered therapy
D. Existential therapy

D

43

Which of the following approaches consists of simple and clear concepts and emphasizes the role of choice?
A. Psychoanalytic therapy
B. Reality therapy
C. Narrative therapy
D. Gestalt therapy

B

44

One contribution of Adlerian therapy has been an emphasis on:

Social and psychological factors.

45

Which of the following approaches to therapy puts an emphasis on direct experiencing and doing?
A. Person-centered therapy
B. Gestalt therapy
C. Rational emotive behavior therapy
D. Narrative therapyB. Gestalt therapy

B

46

The negative impact of discrimination and oppression for both men and women has surfaced as a result of:

Feminist therapy

47

A limitation of psychoanalytic therapy is that:

The model stresses biological and instinctual factors to the neglect of social, cultural, and interpersonal ones.

48

A limitation of reality therapy is that it:

discounts the therapeutic value of dreams

49

A limitation of person-centered therapy is:

The possible danger of the therapist remaining passive and inactive.

50

A limitation of existential therapy is its:

limited applicability to nonverbal clients.

51

A limitation of Gestalt therapy is that it:

may neglect cognitive factors.

52

A limitation of behavior therapy is that it:

May change behavior but not feelings.

53

_______is an efficacious approach to helping people who experience psychological distress improve their functioning.

Psychotherapy

54

_______is designed to evaluate and to improve the quality and effectiveness of counseling services.

Feedback-informed treatment

55

Which of the following approaches to integration refers to a conceptual creation beyond a mere blending of techniques?
A. Technical eclecticism
B. Common factors approach
C. Theoretical integration
D. Assimilative integration

C

56

The __________ measures a client's perception of the quality of the therapeutic relationship, which includes the relational bond with the therapist, the perceived collaboration around specific tasks in therapy, and agreement on goals, methods, and client preferences.

Session Rating Scale

57

The common factors approach to psychotherapy integration:

Searches for common elements across different theoretical systems.

58

The __________ assesses the client's therapeutic progress through ratings of a client's personal experience of well-being in his or her individual, interpersonal, and social functioning.

Outcome Rating Scale

59

Regarding psychotherapy outcome, research shows:

no model of therapy has been proven more effective than another.

60

What is the current thinking in the field regarding the role of spirituality in counseling?

There is growing evidence that spiritual practice is therapeutically relevant, ethically appropriate, and potentially significant topics for practice of counseling in secular settings.