Feminist Therapy

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1

From the feminist perspective, the socialization of women with multiple identities inevitably affects all of the following, except:
A. engendered lives
B. self-concept
C. goals and aspirations
D. emotional wellbeing

A

2

The broad scope of feminist thought goes far beyond gender considerations. __________ issues are equally relevant to the therapeutic enterprise.

Multicultural and social justice

3

Feminist therapists, regardless of their philosophical orientation, believe all of the following except that:
A. Gender is at the core of the therapeutic practice.
B. Human development and interaction are similar across races, cultures, and nations.
C. Understanding a client's problems requires adopting a sociocultural perspective.
D. Understanding the impact of the society and culture in which a client lives is important.

B

4

Feminist therapists have been sharply critical of the DSM. This critique is based on research indicating all of the following may influence assessment of clients' symptoms, except:
A. gender
B. the DSM
C. culture
D. race

B

5

___________ is at the core of feminist therapy and marked by authenticity, mutuality, and respect.

The egalitarian relationship

6

___________ is built on the premise that it is essential to consider the social, cultural, and political context that contributes to a person's problems in order to understand that person.

Feminist counseling

7

_________ is based on the assumption that the personal or individual problems individuals bring to counseling originate in a political and social context.

The personal is political and critical consciousness.

8

All of the following are goals of feminist therapy except for:
A. striving for change rather than adjustment
B. social change
C. resolving intrapsychic conflicts from early childhood
D. balancing independence and interdependence

C

9

Although feminist therapy shares many of the premises of person-centered therapy, feminist therapy does not agree with the notion that:

The therapeutic relationship is, in and of itself, sufficient to produce change.

10

Which of the following themes would clients in feminist therapy be least likely to explore?
A. Identify their internalized messages of oppression and replace them with more self-enhancing beliefs.
B. Understand how sexist and oppressive societal beliefs and practices influence them in negative ways.
C. Recognize the power of relationships and connectedness.
D. Transference reactions toward their therapist.

D

11

After having a bad therapeutic experience with a mental health professional who pathologized her anxiety over financial issues, Lillian decided to consult with a feminist therapist. How is her new therapist likely to view her anxiety symptoms?

As a sign of distress rather than psychopathology.

12

Of the following, which intervention would a feminist therapist probably consider most essential?
A. Challenging irrational beliefs
B. Making use of the empty-chair technique
C. Conducting a lifestyle analysis
D. Social action

D

13

Feminist therapists do not use diagnostic labels, or use them reluctantly, for all of the following reasons except that:
A. They focus on the individual's symptoms and not the social factors that cause distress and dysfunctional behavior.
B. They reflect the inappropriate application of power in the therapeutic relationship.
C. They focus on the social factors that cause dysfunctional behavior.
D. They are part of a system developed mainly within psychiatry, an institution that reinforces dominant cultural norms, and may become an instrument of oppression.

C

14

_______ assists clients in identifying the impact that their own gender-role socialization has played in shaping their values, thoughts, and behaviors.

Gender role or social identity analysis.

15

__________ includes a shift from placing the problem internally and "blaming the victim" to consideration of social factors in the environment that contribute to a client's problem.

Reframing

16

All of the following strategies are unique to feminist therapy except for:
A. cognitive restructuring
B. encouraging clients to take social action
C. emphasizing the role of the therapist as advocate as well as facilitator
D. viewing women's and other marginalized and oppressed group's experiences from a unique perspective.

A

17

________ is a philosophical orientation that lends itself to an integration of feminist, multicultural, and social justice concepts with a variety of psychotherapy approaches.

Feminist psychotherapy

18

Who is most noted for her contributions to the development of feminist therapy?

Laura Brown

19

A central concept in feminist therapy is the importance of understanding and acknowledging:

Psychological oppression and the constraints imposed by the sociopolitical status.

20

Of the following, which is one of the major contributions that feminist have made to the field of counseling and psychotherapy?
A. A focus on dealing with family dynamics
B. A focus on exploring the unconscious factors contributing to current problems
C. Paving the way for gender-sensitive practice
D. Placing the therapeutic relationship at the core of the therapy process.

C

21

A _______ offers a unique approach to understanding the roles that women and men with diverse social identities and experiences have been socialized to accept and to bringing this understanding into the therapeutic process.

Feminist perspective

22

The constructs of feminist theory, in contrast to traditional theories, include all of the following except for which characteristic?
A. Intrapsychic orientation
B. Gender-fair
C. Flexible-multicultural
D. Life-span oriented

A. Intrapsychic orientation

23

The relational-cultural theory recognizes:

that many women are searching for a connectedness with others as well as possibilities for autonomy.

24

_______tend to result in women giving away their power in relationships, often without being aware of it.

Socialization patterns

25

Which of the following principles of feminist psychology is most aimed at advancing a transformation in society?
A. The person is political
B. Commitment to social change
C. Women's ways of knowing are valued and their experiences are honored.
D. A focus on strengths and a reformulated definition of psychological distress

C

26

The feminist approach to group counseling involves all of the following except:
A. support for the experience of being a woman.
B. Political involvement
C. providing members a place to reflect on their role in society.
D. an opportunity to experience and analyze multiple transferences.

D

27

Recent developments relevant to ________ in psychology have led to an integration of key themes of multiculturalism and feminism.

Social Justice

28

A limit of the feminist approach from a diversity perspective is:

if therapists do not fully understand and respect the cultural values of clients from diverse groups, they run the risk of imposing their own values.

29

______was the first to recognize that male development was presented as the norm and that development of women, though different, was judged by male norms.

Gilligan

30

Feminist therapy was developed by several feminist therapists, all of whom shared the same vision:

To improve mental health treatment for women.

31

The counselor engages in _______ only when it is judged to be therapeutically helpful to the client.

Self-Disclosure

32

Therapists of relational-cultural theory emphasize the qualities of ___________ that contribute to the flow of the relationship; being empathically present with the suffering of the client is at the core of treatment.

authenticity and transparency

33

________ is described as teaching and promoting assertive behavior; women become aware of their interpersonal rights, transcend stereotypical gender roles, change negative beliefs, and implement changes in their daily life.

Assertiveness training

34

_______is an intervention that changes the label or evaluation applied to some behavioral characteristic.

Relabeling

35

__________ emphasize mutual empathy and deep respect for the client, understand how disconnections affect the individual, and create a therapeutic relationship that is healing.

Relational-cultural therapy practitioners

36

In order to create a climate where men can reflect on their needs, choices, past and present pain, and hopes for their future, female counselors must have an environment resembling all of the following, except:
A. an uncomfortable environment.
B. an accepting environment
C. an authentic environment
D. a safe environment

A

37

Like all marginalized groups, women are:

Bicultural

38

Using _______, the therapist responds to the client's concern by placing it in the context of society's role expectations for women. The aim is to provide the client with insight into the ways social issues are affecting her.

Gender-role intervention

39

A related goal of feminist therapy is to help:

individuals come together to strengthen collective power.

40

_______refers to the range of methods aimed at helping clients understand how unequal access to power and resources can influence personal realities.

Power analysis

41

Feminist therapy is not static, but is continually evolving.

True

42

Feminist therapists do not tend to engage in self-disclosure because of their concern over unduly influencing the client.

False

43

By considering contextual variables, symptoms are reframed as survival strategies.

True

44

The contemporary version of feminist therapy and the multicultural and social justice perspectives to counseling practice have a great deal in common.

True

45

Feminist therapists restrict their practices to women clients.

False

46

Feminist therapists avoid sharing their values with clients in order to reduce the chance of value imposition.

False

47

Feminist therapists work to demystify the counseling relationship.

True

48

Bibliotherapy is frequently used in feminist therapy

True

49

Feminist therapy incorporates techniques from many of the various traditional approaches.

True

50

Therapists aim to lessen the suffering caused by disconnection and isolation, increase clients' capacity for relational resilience, develop mutual empathy and mutual empowerment, and foster social justice.

True

51

It is possible to incorporate the principle of feminist therapy with a multicultural perspective.

True

52

A feminist therapist generally does not expect the client to assume responsibility for making internal or external changes.

False

53

According to feminist therapists, an intrapsychic orientation tends to result in blaming the victim.

True

54

A distinctive feature of feminist therapy is the assumption that direct action for social change is one of the responsibilities of therapists.

True

55

An androcentric theory uses female-oriented constructs to draw conclusions about human nature.

False

56

Diagnoses are based on the dominant culture's view of normalcy and therefore cannot account for cultural differences.

True

57

A distinctive feature of feminist therapy is the assumption that direct action for social change is one of the responsibilities of therapists.

True

58

Feminist therapists emphasize that societal gender role expectations profoundly influence a person's identity from birth and become deeply ingrained in adult personality.

True

59

According to the relational-cultural model, a woman's sense of self depends largely on how she connects with others.

True

60

In feminist therapy, adjustment rather than transcendence is a primary goal of therapy.

False

61

Today's feminists believe that gender can be considered separately from other identity areas such as race, ethnicity, class, and sexual orientation.

False

62

The contemporary version of feminist therapy and the multicultural and social justice approaches to counseling practice have a great deal in common.

True

63

Making oppression transparent is the first step in feminist therapy, but the ultimate goal is to replace sexism and other forms of discrimination and oppression with empowerment for all marginalized groups.True

True

64

The beginnings of feminism can be traced to the late 1800s, but it is the women's movement of the 1960s that laid the foundation for the development of feminist therapy.

True

65

While most feminist therapists believe that gender is always an important factor, they realize that ethnicity, sexual orientation, and class may be more important factors in certain situations for many women.

True

66

Empowerment is a central tenet of feminist psychotherapy.

True

67

Feminist therapy is a technically integrative approach that emphasizes the analysis of gender, power, and social location as strategies for facilitating change.

True

68

Historically, feminist psychotherapy groups were a vehicle for consciousness-raising.

True

69

Feminist group work uses a structured approach and focuses on the use of techniques.

False

70

Theories and techniques are based on the lives and experiences of individuals (lived experiences) as well as research supporting gender and other inequities.

True